Investigation of Psychosocial Hazards and Risks of Occupational Physicians Working in Enterprises: A Qualitative Research

Purpose – Psychosocial hazard and risks are of importance for work psychology. Psychosocial hazard is the potential to create psychological, social or physical damage due to the the nature of the work and the physical factors in the workplace environment. Due to conflict of the work’s requirements with the employee's knowledge, skills and needs and the lack of social support concerning the work, the work itself and the psychosocial hazards caused by the work may lead to stress and it is known that they cause serious risks for the employees’ health and safety. The purpose of this study is to assess the psychosocial hazards and risks that occupational physicians expose to considering occupational health and safety. Design/Methodology/Approach – A qualitative research method has been used and interview technique with semi-structured questions has been decided on in the study. In this technique, the interview protocol, in which questions are mentioned before, is addressed to the interviewers and the data is collected by recording the answers. In interviews with semi-structured questions, the researcher can lead the flow of the interview with extra or sub-questions in accordance with the flow of the interview and can help the interviewers to detail their answers. Findings – In this study all of the occupational physicians working in Giresun province was figured out and they were asked 10 semi-structured interview questions and the answers were recorded. Through these questions, the psychosocial hazards and risks that occupational physicians expose to were tried to be determined. Discussion – To sum up, it was determined that preventing psychosocial hazards and risks in workplaces may not only eliminate unproductive work, but also may increase individual and social life quality as well. Safety culture is one of the most effective instruments in order to create a healthy and safe working atmosphere and increase the motivation of an individual to the work.

Kaynakça

AISGA. (2007). Psychosocial Risks in Occupational Health and Safety. ISG Bulletin. 74/TR, 1681.

Alakuş, A. O. (2004). An Analysis of Cultural Concept Definitions. National Education Journal, 62-65.

Archer, D. (1999). "Exploring “bullying” culture in the paramilitary organisation". International Journal of Manpower, 94-105.

Braham, B. J. (1998). Staying Under Fire, Stress management. (V. G. Diker, Trans.) Istanbul: Hayat. 52-54.

Buyens, D., Dijk, H. V., Dewilde, T., Vos, A. d. (2009). The ageing Workforce: Perceptions of Career Ending. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 103.

Chappell, D., Di Martino, V. (1999). Violence at Work. Asian-Pacific Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, 6 (1).

Cox, S., Cheyne, A. (2000). Assessing Safety Culture in Offshore Environments. Safety Science, 34, 114-115.

Cox, S., Flin, R. (1998). Safety Culture: Philosopher's Stone or Man of Straw? Work and Stress, 190.

Çögenli, M. Z., Asunakutlu, T., & Türegün, Z. N. (2017). Gender and Mobbing: The Case of Turkey. Journal of Business Research Turk, 109-121.

Çöl, S. Ö. (2008). Psychological Violence in the Workplace: A Research on Hospital Workers. Work and Society, 107-112.

ÇSGB. (2013). Psychological Abuse at Workplaces (Mobbing), Information Guide, 10. Ankara: Ministry of Labor and Social Security, General Directorate of Labor.

Davenport, N., Schwartz, R. D., & Elliott, G. P. (2003). Mobbing Emotional Abuse at Work. (O. C. Önertoy, Trans.) Sistem Publishing., 20-23.

Einarsen, S. (1999). The Nature and Causes of Bullying at Work. International Journal of Manpower, 20 (1/2), 16-27.

Eğin, A. (2015). Work Stress and Burnout in Working Life. Beykent University Institute of Social Sciences, İstanbul, 8-44.

Gök, S. (2009). An Important Problem in Working Life Organizational Stress. Journal of Marmara University Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, 430-435.

Greenhaus, J. H., Beutell, N. J. (1985). Sources of Conflict between Work and Family Roles. Academy of Management Review, 77-80.

Güçlü, N. (2001). Stress Management. Gazi University, Journal of Gazi Faculty of Education, 21(1), 92-100.

Hofstede, G. (2011). Dimensionalizing cultures: the hofstede model in context. International Association for Cross – Culturel Psychology, 21-22.

Houdmont, J., Leka, S. (2010). An Introduction to Occupational Health Psychology. Occupational Health Psychology, 1-31.

ILO (1998). International Labour Organization. 15.03. 2019 tarihinde www.ilo.org adresinden alındı.

Kirk, W. J. (2017). Workplace Bullying: Proven Methodologies to Mitigate the Issue within the Government Contracting Workplace Environment. Florida, 7-21.

Korkut, A. E. (2014). Psychosocial Risk Factors and A Study in Construction Sector. Ministry of Labor and Social Security, Ankara, 3-5.

Leka, S., Cox, T. (2008). Towards the Development of a European Framework for Psychosocial Risk Management at the Workplace. Nottingham: I-WHO Publications, 1.

Leymannn, H. (1990). Mobbing and Psychological Terror at Workplaces. Violence and Victims, 119-126.

Leymann, H. and Gustafsson, A. (1996). Mobbing at Work and the Development of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 5 (2), 251-275.

Newman, J. E., Beehr, T. A. (1984). Personal and Organizational Strategies for Handling Job Stress: A Review of Research and Opinion. IEEE Engineering Management Review, 58.

Özağaç, G. S. (2013). Psychosocial Health in Workplaces: The Case of Tekirdag Province. Namık Kemal University. Health Sciences Institute, Master Thesis, 14-15.

Rantanen, J. (1999). Research Challenges Arising From Changes in Worklife. Scand J Work Environ Health, 478-479.

Richards, J. (2003). Management Of Workplace Violence Victims. ILO/ICN/WHO/PSI Joint Programme on Workplace Violence in the Health Sector, 20-22.

Şahan, C. (2016). Adaptation of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Risk Assessment Scale to Turkish. Dokuz Eylül University Institute of Health Sciences, İzmir, 4.

Şenyiğit, G. (2004). Stress in working life. Journal of Productivity (3), 103.

Tınaz, P. (2006). Psychological Abuse at Work (Mobbing). Work and Society, 25-27.

Türetgen, I. Ö., Berk, Ö. S., Başbuğ, G., & Ünsal, P. (2012). The development of the Job Stressor Appraisal Scale as part of the Job Stress Battery. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 147-153.

Uslu, V. (2014). The Relationship Between Occupational Safety Performance and Occupational Safety Culture in Enterprises: A Research in Eskişehir Metal Industry. Eskişehir Osmangazi University, 38-39.

Ültanır, G. (2003). The Relationship Between Education and Culture-The Anxiety of Which Dimensions of Culture in Education to Transfer to Young Generations. Gazi University, Gazi Education Faculty Journal, 23(3), 291-309.

Vatansever, Ç. (2014). A New Dimension in Risk Assessment: Psychosocial Hazards and Risks. Work and Society, 117-138.

WHO. (1946). World Health Organization. 22.03.2019 tarihinde www.who.int adresinden alındı.

Wolinska, J., Rakowska, A. (2014). Organizational Culture And Its Role in Business. The Example Of Polish Culture, Management Knowledge and Learning International Conference, 1089-1093.

Yıldırım, A., Şimşek, H. (2005). Qualitative research methods in the social sciences. Ankara: Seçkin, 366.

Yılmaz, H., Kaymaz, A. (2014). A Risk Factor: Mobbing (Psychological Abuse in the Workplace). Public Internal Auditors Association (KIDDER), 75.

Yumuşak, S. (2008). A Field Study on Investigation of Factors Affecting Employee Efficiency. Süleyman Demirel University Journal of Economics and Administrative Sciences, 13, 241-247.

Zapf, D. (1999). Organizational, Work Group Related and Personal Causes of Mobbing/Bullying at Work. International Journal of Manpower, 20 (1/2), 70-85.

Kaynak Göster

  • ISSN: 1309-0712
  • Yayın Aralığı: Yılda 4 Sayı
  • Başlangıç: 2009

6.6b 2.8b

Sayıdaki Diğer Makaleler

Dizel Skandalı ve Türk Yatırımcılarının Tepkileri Üzerine Bir Araştırma

V. Evrim ALTUK, AYŞEGÜL İŞCANOĞLU ÇEKİÇ

Havacılık Sektöründe Güvenlik İklimi Algısı İle Bilgi Teknolojileri Verimliliği Etkileşimi: Uçak Bakım Teknisyenleri Üzerinde Bir Araştırma

GÖKDENİZ KALKIN, Ufuk TÜREN, Yunus GÖKMEN, Haluk ERDEM

Tüketici Motivasyonları ile Sosyal Medyanın Tüketici Davranışına Etkisinin Satın Alma Niyetine Etkisinin Hava Yolu Yolcu Taşımacılığında İncelemesi

Vahap ÖNEN

İş Değerleri, Örgütsel Vatandaşlık Davranışı İlişkisinin Bireysel İş Performansı Ve İşten Ayrılma Eğilimi Üzerindeki Etkisine Yönelik Bir Araştırma

Sabiha Sevinç ALTAŞ

Kamu Örgütlerinde Örgütsel Sosyalleşmenin İş Motivasyonu Üzerindeki Etkisi: İhsaniye İlçesinde Bir Araştırma

SEMRA TETİK

Kurumsal Tasarımın Kurumsal İmaj ve Kurumsal İtibar Oluşumu Üzerine Etkisinin Hizmet Sektöründe İncelenmesi

Fikret CANITEZ, Ayşe AKYOL

Psikobiyolojik Kişilik Kuramı Faktörleri İle İş Performansı Arasındaki İlişkide Etik Eğilimlerin Etkisi

Ahmet Doğan, TAYFUN ARAR, Melehat ÖNEREN, Cihat KARTAL

İhracat Engellerinin Kurumsal Kuram Perspektifinden Değerlendirilmesi

ÇİĞDEM BASKICI, Yavuz ERCİL

Yeni Medyada Ürün Yerleştirmenin Ebeveynlerin Satın Alma Eğilimine Etkisi: Çocuk Videolarıyla İlgili Kırıkkale İlinde Bir Araştırma

İBRAHİM BOZACI, Rabia VİLDAN İŞCAN, İSMAİL GÖKDENİZ

Öz Yeterliliğin Yaratici Kişilik Üzerine Etkisinde, Psikolojik Güçlendirmenin Aracilik Rolü: İstanbul’daki 4-5 Yildizli Otel İşletmeleri Üzerine Bir Araştirma

SERDAR ÇÖP, Murat TOPÇUOĞLU