Effects of feeding regime without roughage on performances and rumen development of calves during preweaning period

Bu çalısmada, sütten kesim öncesi dönemde sadece kesif yemle büyütmenin Holstayn buzağıların büyüme ve rumen gelisimi üzerine etkilerinin ortaya konulması amaçlanmıstır Çalısmada 30 disi, ve rumen doku örnekleri almak için 9 erkek buzağı 3 muamele grubuna dağıtılmıstır. Birinci grup baslangıç yemi ve yonca kuru otunu serbest seçenek (tercihli) olarak almıs, ikinci grup sadece buzağı baslangıç yemi ile yemlenmis, üçüncü grup ise buzağı baslangıç yemi ve %10, 1-2 cm boyutunda öğütülmüs yonca ile hazırlanan toplam yem karısımı (TMR) ile yemlenmistir. Ortalama günlük canlı ağırlık artısları tercihli grup, sadece buzağı baslangıç yemi alan grup ve TMR grubu için sırasıyla 528.39±29.82, 509.00±34.08 ve 479.21±25.86 g $gun ^ {-1} $olarak saptanmıstır. Grupların ortalama yem tüketimleri yine aynı sırayla 672.75±69.86, 619.73±77.75 ve 499.60±81.69 g gün-1 olarak saptanmıstır. Sadece baslangıç yemi alan grup, tercihli grup ile TMR grubu buzağıların performanslarına benzer performans göstermistir (P>0.05). Rumendeki bakteri sayısı sadece kesif yem alan buzağılarda diğer buzağılardan daha yüksek olarak saptanırken (P

Sütten kesim öncesi dönemde kaba yem kullanmadan beslemenin buzağıların performansı ve rumen gelisimi üzerine etkileri

The objective of the study was to investigate the effect of only concentrate diet on growth and rumen development of Holstein calves during preweaning period. Thirty female and nine male calves were allocated to three treatments. Nine male calves were also divided into three treatments to operate for rumen wall samples. First group was fed with a calf starter and alfalfa hay as free choice, second group was received calf starter only and third group were fed with a total mixed ration (TMR) during the pre-weaning period. The average daily gain of the free choice, calf starter only and total mixed ration groups were 528.39±29.82, 509.00±34.08 and 479.21±25.86 g respectively. The average daily feed intake of the groups were 672.75±69.86, 619.73±77.75 and 499.60±81.69 g respectively. Calf starter group showed similar performances to free choice and TMR group of calves (P>0.05). Protozoa number were not significantly different among the treatments while total bacteria numbers were higher for calf starter group than the other two groups (P

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