Lipid-Laden Aqueous Humor in a Cat

This case report describes the clinical findings in a 5 years old neutered female cat presented with sudden onset of binocular blindness with cloudy appearance in both eyes. Systematic eye examination was performed after the anamnesis. Only intraocular pressure was increased in right eye. The examination of iris was not properly due to the opacity of humor aquosus. Liver function was checked in terms of diabetes and pancreatitis. Cholesterol and triglyceride levels were increased in blood analysis. The diagnosis was hyperlipidemia and hypertriglyceridemia. Dexamethasone (0.5 mg/kg) was applied to the subconjunctivaly; dexamethasone 0.1% w/v opthalmic solution drops (6 times in a day) and low-fat diet were recommended in the continuation of the treatment. The patient was immediately responded to the treatment within 36 hours. Aqueosus humor reached clear structure in both eyes. A visual activity was improve in the eyes. Post-operatively, the case was followed for 8 months. There were no complications encountered. This report is to contribute to increased awareness regarding the some ocular complications following diet programmes. In addition, the use of steroid ophthalmic solutions along with a diet program in the treatment protocol will accelerate the healing process quickly.

Bir Kedide Lipid-Laden Humor Aquosus

Bu olgu sunumunda, 5 yaşındaki dişi kedinin her iki gözünde ani olarak şekillenen bulutumsu görünüm ile karakterize körlüğe ilişkin bulgular anlatılmaktadır. Anamnez bilgileri alındıktan sonra, olguya gözde sistemik göz muayenesi yapıldı. Göz içi basıncı sağ gözde yükselmişti. İris’in muayenesi, humor aköz daki opasiteden dolayı sağlıklı yapılamadı. Karaciğer fonksiyonlarına bakılarak, diyabet ve pankreatitis yönünden muayene edildi. Kan analizi sonuçlarında kolesterol, trigliserit miktarlarındaki artışın olması, teşhisin hiperlipidemi ve hipertrigliseridemi olduğunu gösterdi. Olguya az yağlı diyet ve subkonjunktival deksametazon (0.5 mg/kg) ve deksametazon %0.1 w/v oftalmik solüsyon damlaları (günde 6 kez), tavsiye edildi. Olgu 36 saat içinde sağaltıma yanıt verdi. Humor aquosus her iki gözde de berrak yapısına ulaştı ve görüş vardı. Post-operatif olarak olgu 8 ay takip edildi. Herhangi bir komplikasyonla karşılaşılmadı. Bu olgu sunumu, kedilerin gözlerinde meydana gelen bazı problemlerde diyet programlarının önemini vurgulamak için paylaşılmıştır. Ayrıca hiperlipidemia olgularında tedavi protokolüne diyet programı ile beraber steroid oftalmik solüsyonların önerilmesi iyileşme sürecini hızlandıracaktır

Kaynakça

Brooks DE, Sullivan M: Ocular manifestations of systemic diseases. In, Schaer M, Gaschen F (Eds): Clinical Medicine of the Dog and Cat. 3rd ed., 846-847, Taylor & Francis Group, New York, 2016.

Plummer CE, Specht A, Gelatt KN: Ocular manifestations of endocrine disease. Compend Contin Educ Vet, 29 (12): 733-743, 2007.

4. Hoenig M, Wilkins C, Holson JC, Ferguson DC: Effects of obesity on lipid profiles in neutered male and female cats. Am J Vet Res, 64, 299-303, 2003. DOI: 10.2460/ajvr.2003.64.299

Kluger EK, Hardman C, Govendir M, Baral RM, Sullivan DR, Snow D, Malik R: Triglyceride response following an oral fat tolerance test in Burmese cats, other pedigree cats and domestic crossbred cats. J Feline Med Surg, 11, 82-90, 2009. DOI: 10.1016/j.jfms.2008.05.005

Turgut K: Erişkin hayvanlarda normal serum biyokimyası referans değerleri. In, Veteriner Klinik Laboratuvar Teşhis. İkinci Baskı, 886, Bahçıvanlar, Konya, 2001.

Kluger EK, Caslake M, Baral RM, Malik R, Govendir M: Preliminary post-prandial studies of Burmese cats with elevated triglyceride concentrations and/or presumed lipid aqueous. J Feline Med Surg, 12, 621- 630, 2010. DOI: 10.1016/j.jfms.2010.04.002

Kaynak Göster

  • ISSN: 1300-6045
  • Yayın Aralığı: Yılda 6 Sayı
  • Başlangıç: 1995

2.2b 1.8b

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