MATEMATİK TARİHİNİN ORTAOKUL MATEMATİK DERS KİTAPLARINDAKİ YERİ

Öz Matematik tarihinin dikkatli ve akılcı kullanımı etkili bir öğretim aracı olabilir. Bunun yollarından biri ise matematik derslerine matematik tarihini entegre etmekten geçmektedir. Entegre etme yolları içerisinde ders kitaplarının rolü ise yadsınamaz bir gerçektir. Nitekim ders kitapları öğretmen ile öğrenci arasında bir köprü özelliği taşımaktadır. Buradan hareketle bu çalışmada ortaokul matematik dersi kitaplarındaki matematik tarihi öğeleri araştırılarak matematik tarihi ile ilgili durumları dersin hangi aşamasında ve hangi öğrenme alanında ele alması, hangi konularla ilişkilendirdiği ve bu ilişkilendirmede hangi etkinliklere yer vermesi özelliklerine göre sınıflandırılmıştır. Araştırmada nitel araştırma yöntemi kullanılmış olup toplamda 6 adet ders kitabı incelemeye tabi tutulmuştur. Analizler sonucunda ise on dokuz adet matematik tarihi öğesine rastlanmıştır. Bu öğelerin büyük çoğunluğu beşinci ve altıncı sınıf ders kitaplarında tarihsel notlar şeklinde yer almıştır. Ders kitaplarında matematik tarihinden yeterince yararlanılmadığı görülmüştür ve ders kitaplarının matematik tarihi öğeleriyle zenginleştirilmesi önerilmektedir.

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