There have many views in the
related literature that the art develops the creativity. Although there have
been study findings on this issue regarding the Visual Arts Education, a few
study findings have been existed for the Music Education. Also, there has not
been any consensus on the topic that Music Education (or Visual Arts) develops
the creative thinking more (or less). This study aimed to investigate whether
there was a potential source of developmental differences between music
students (Grade 9 and 12) and visual arts (Grade 12) students' creative
thinking skills in high school education level. This study includes two folds
research designs as cross-sectional and causal-comparative. As a result, it was
found that music or visual arts education disciplines do not possess a
privilege role in the development of the students’ creative thinking skills
except originality. Thus, it was
concluded that overall creative thinking skills can be synonymous as gain of
educational outcomes regarding to art education disciplines, but the
Originality can be main educational gain of the music learning.
Aslan , A. E. ( 2001 ) Torrance yaratıcı düşünme testinin Türkçe versiyonu. [Turkish version of Torrance's tests of creative thinking]. Marmara Üniversitesi Atatürk Eğitim Fakültesi Eğitim Bilimler Dergisi, 14, 19 – 40.
Bújez, A. V. & M.T. Mohedo- Díaz. (2014) Creativity in the music classroom. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 141, 237 - 241.
Campbell, P. S. (1990). Cross cultural perspectives of musical creativity. Music Educators Journal, 76, 43 - 46.
Carabine, J. (2013) Creativity, art and learning: A psycho-social exploration of uncertainty. IJADE, 32, 33 - 43.
Charyton, C., Basham, K. M. & Elliot, J. O. (2008). Examining gender with general creativity and preferences for creative persons in college students within the sciences and the arts. Journal of Creative Behavior, 42, 149 - 222, doi: 10.1002/j.2162-6057.2008.tb01296.x
Coulson, A. N. & Burke, B. M. (2013). Creativity in the elementary music classroom: A study of students' perceptions. International Journal of Music Education, 31, 428 - 441, doi: 10.1177/0255761413495760
Cho, S. H., Nijenhuis, J. T., van Viannen, A. E. M., Kim, H-B., & Lee, K. H. (2010) The relationship between diverse components of intelligence and creativity. The Journal of Creative Behavior, 44, 125 - 137, doi: 10.1002/j.2162-6057.2010.tb01329.x
Cropley, A. (2001) Creativity. London: Kogan Page.
DeLorenzo, L. C. (1989). A field study of sixth-grade students' creative music problem-solving processes. Journal of Research in Music Education, 37(3). 188-200. doi: 10.2307/3344669. Retrieved from http://jrm.sagepub.com/content/37/3/188.abstract
Fasko, D. (2001). Education and creativity. Creativity Research Journal, 13, 317 - 327, doi: 10.1207/S15326934CRJ1334_09
Furnham, Batey, Booth, Patel, and Lozinskaya (2011). Individual difference predictors of creativity in art and science students. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 6, 114 – 121, doi:10.1016/j.tsc.2011.01.006
Furnham, A, Trew, S. & Sneade, I. (1999) The distracting effects of vocal and instrumental music on the cognitive test performance of introverts and extraverts. Personality and Individual Differences, 27, 381 – 392.
Gombrich, E. H. (1991). Topics of our time: Twentieth-century issues in learning and in art. London: Phaidon.
Hallam, S. (2010). The power of music: Its impact on the intellectual, social and personal development of children and young people. International Journal of Music Education. 28(3) 269–289, doi: 10.1177/0255761410370658
Hamann, D. L., Bourassa, R. & Aderman, M. (1991). Arts experiences and creativity scores of high school students, Contrıbutıons to Musıc Educatıon, 18, 36-47. Retrieved from https://www.jstor.org/stable/pdf/24127318.pdf
Hargreaves, D. J. (2012) Musical imagination: Perception and production, beauty and creativity. Psychology of Music September 40: 539 - 557, doi: 10.1177/0305735612444893
Hickey, M. (2001). Creativity in the music classroom. Music Educators Journal, 88, 17 - 18, doi: 10.2307/3399771 Database: Academic Search Complete
Hickey, M. & Webster, P. (2001) Creative thinking in music. Music Educators Journal, 88, 19 - 23 Published by: on behalf of Sage Publications, Inc. MENC: The National Association for Music Education Stable Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/3399772
Hogenes, M., Oers, B., Diekstra, R. F.W. & Sklad, M. (2016). The effects of music composition as a classroom activity on engagement in music education and academic and music achievement: A quasi experimental study. International Journal of Music Education, 34(1), 32–48, doi: 10.1177/0255761415584296
Howell, C. D. (1990). The relationship between arts education and creativity among high school students. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Northern Colorado. Retrieved from http://media.proquest.com/
Kerr, B. & McKay, R. (2013) Searching for tomorrow's innovators: Profiling creative adolescents. Creativity Research Journal, 25, 21-32, doi:10.1080/10400419.2013.752180
Kiehn, M. T. (2003). Development of music creativity among elementary school students. Journal of Research in Music Education, 51, 278 - 288.
Kim, K. H. (2011). The creativity crisis: The decrease in creative thinking scores on the Torrance Test of Creative Thinking. Creativity Research Journal, 23, 285-295, doi: 10.1080/10400419.2011.627805
Kim, K. H. (2006) Is creativity unidimensional or multidimensional? Analyses of the Torrance tests of creative thinking. Creativity Research Journal, 18, 251 - 259, doi: 10.1207/s15326934crj1803_2
Kleinmintz O.M., Goldstein P., Mayseless N., Abecasis D., & Shamay-Tsoory S.G. (2014). Expertise in musical improvisation and creativity: The mediation of idea evaluation. PLoS ONE 9(7): e101568. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0101568 Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4092035/
Kokotsaki, D. (2012). Pre-service student-teachers’ conceptions of creativity in the primary music classroom. Research Studies in Music Education 34(2), 129–156. doi: 10.1177/1321103X12466770
Kokotsaki, D. & Newton, D. P. (2015) Recognizing creativity in the music classroom. International Journal of Music Education, 33(4), 491–508, doi: 10.1177/0255761415607081
Kokotsaki, D. (2011). Student teachers’ conceptions of creativity in the secondary music Classroom. Thinking Skills and Creativity 6, 100 - 113, doi:10.1016/j.tsc.2011.04.001
Koutsoupidou, T. & Hargreaves, D. J. (2009). An experimental study of the effects of improvisation on the development of children’s creative thinking in music. Psychology of Music, 37, 251 - 278.
Kozbelt, A. (2004). Originality and technical skill as components of artistic quality. Emprical Study of the Arts, 22, 157 - 170, doi: 10.2190/NDR5-G09N-X7RE-34H7
Lapidaki, E. (2014) Artistic reciprocity as course-based practice of crossing ‘mono-artistic’ boundaries in higher visual arts and music education. Journal of Visual Art Practice,13, 150 - 157, doi:10.1080/14702029.2014.959723
Lewis, C. & Lovatt, P. J. (2013). Breaking away from set patterns of thinking: Improvisation and divergent thinking. Thinking Skills and Creativity 9, 46– 58, doi: 10.1016/j.tsc.2013.03.001
MEB; National Education Ministry (2016a) Retrieved from http://ttkb.meb.gov.tr/program2.aspx
MEB; National Education Ministry (2016b) Retrieved from https://ogm.meb.gov.tr/meb_iys_dosyalar/2012_09/05092630_ogmhd20122013.pdf
Miga, E., Burger, K., Hetland, L., & Winner, E. (2000). Does studying the arts engender creative thinking? Evidence for near but not far transfer. Journal of Aesthetic Education, 34, 91 - 104.
Newton, L. & Beverton, S. (2012). Pre-service teachers’ conceptions of creativity in elementary school English. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 7, 165 - 176, doi:10.1016/j.tsc.2012.02.002
Nielsen, L. D. (2013). Developing musical creativity: Student and teacher perceptions of a high school music technology curriculum Updqte, 31(2) 54–62. doi: 10.1177/8755123312473610.
Pavlou, V. (2013) Investigating interrelations in visual arts education: Aesthetic enquiry, possibility thinking and creativity. International Journal of Education through Art. 9, 71 - 88, doi: 10.1386/eta.9.1.71_1
Peterson, C. W. & Madsen, C. K. (2010). Encouraging cognitive connections and creativity in the music classroom. Music Educators Journal. 97, 25 - 29, doi:10.1177/0027432110386613
Randles, C. & Smith, G. D. (2012). A first comparison of pre-service music teachers’ identities as creative musicians in the United States and England. Research Studies in Music Education 34(2), 173–187. doi: 10.1177/1321103X12464836
Rostan, S. M. (2005). Educational intervention and the development of young art students' talent and creativity. Journal of Creative Behavior, 39, 237 - 261, doi: 10.1002/j.2162-6057.2005.tb01260.x
Runco, M. A. (2014) Creativity. (Second Edition). U.S.A.: Elsevier Inc.
Rutkowski, J. (1994).A Comparison of adolescents' in-school and out-of-school music experiences and involvement. Applications of Research in Music Education, 13(1), 17-22. doi: 10.1177/875512339401300104 Retrieved from http://upd.sagepub.com/content/13/1/17.extract
Siegler, R. S. (1989). How domain-general and domain-specific knowledge interact to produce strategy choices. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 35, 1-26.
The College Board (2012). Child development and arts education: A review of recent research and best practices, New York, N.Y., January 2012. Retrieved from http://www.advocacy.collegeboard.org/preparation-access/arts-core
Torrance, E. P. (1966) Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking. Princeton, New Jersey: Personnel Press, Inc.
Urban, K. K. (1995) Openness: A “magic formula” for an adequate development and promotion of giftedness and talents?! Gifted and Talented International, 10, 15-19.
Van de Kamp, M.-T., Admiraal, W., Van Drie, J. & Rijlaarsdam, G. (2015) Enhancing divergent thinking in visual arts education: Effects of explicit instruction of meta-cognition. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 85, 47 - 58, doi: 10.1111/bjep.12061
Zimmerman, E. (2009) Reconceptualizing the role of creativity in art education theory and practice. Studies in Art Education A Journal of Issues and Research, 50, 382 – 399.