AVRUPA'DA FİNANSAL KRİZ VE CİNSİYET POLİTİKALARI

ABD'de 2008'de yaşanan ekonomik kriz, Avrupa'daki işgücü piyasalarını kötü etkiledi. İstihdam oranlari Avrupa genelinde hızla düştü. Krize neden olan durgunluk, erkeklerin aksine kadın istihdamını daha az etkiledi. Krizin ikinci aşaması, özellikle erkek istihdamını daha fazla desteklemesi beklenen konsolidasyonlarda teşvik paketi uygulamasıyla dikkat çekmiştir. Kemer sıkma planlarının uygulamaya konulduğu üçüncü aşama, kadın istihdamı için kolay olmamıştır. Krizin tüm bu cinsiyet temelli etkileri, cinsiyet temelli mesleki ve sektörel ayrışmayla daha açık hale gelmiştir. Bu makalenin amacı, Avrupa'daki çeşitli kriz aşamalarında kadınların istihdam durumunu analiz etmektir. İtalya ve İspanya gibi bazı ülkelerde kriz cinsiyetler arasındaki farkı daraltarak etkiledi; bu temelde cinsiyet sektörel ayrımı ile açıklanmaktadır. Danimarka ve Birleşik Krallık'ta, kriz sırasında çeşitli ekonomik sektörlerin aynı dağılımdan yararlandığı zamana kıyasla, daha yüksek iş kayıpları nedeniyle kadınlar sektörel ayrımdan daha az korunuyor. Bu çalışma, krizin ve politik müdahalelerin cinsiyet eşitliği meselesinin ele alınmasına yardımcı olup olmadığını veya gelişmelerin durumu gerçekten kötüleştirip iyileştirmediğini ortaya koymaktadır.

FINANCIAL CRISIS AND GENDER POLITICS IN EUROPE

The economic crisis that happened in the US in 2008 has affected the labor markets in Europe badly. Employment opportunities have plummeted around Europe as a whole. The recession that occasioned the crisis had a lesser effect on female employment unlike their male counterparts. The second phase of the crisis was notable with stimulus package implementation particularly on consolidations that was supposed to favor male employments more. The third phase where plans of austerity was introduced, might not be easy for female employment. All these gendered based effect of the crisis are made clearer by occupational and sectorial segregation that were gender based. This paper’s focus is to analyze and describe the employment situation for women within the various crisis stages in Europe. In some nations like Italy and Spain, the crisis has impacted the gender gap by narrowing it; this is basically explained by the gender sectorial segregation. In Denmark and UK, women have lesser protection from sectorial segregation due to higher job losses compared to when the various economic sectors had enjoyed the same distribution in the course of the crisis. This paper establishes if the crisis and policy responses have helped address the issue of gender equity or if the developments have actually worsened the case.

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Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { yead875890, journal = {Yönetim ve Ekonomi Araştırmaları Dergisi}, issn = {2148-029X}, eissn = {2148-029X}, address = {}, publisher = {Bandırma Onyedi Eylül Üniversitesi}, year = {2021}, volume = {19}, pages = {22 - 36}, doi = {10.11611/yead.875890}, title = {FINANCIAL CRISIS AND GENDER POLITICS IN EUROPE}, key = {cite}, author = {Ince Yenilmez, Meltem} }
APA Ince Yenilmez, M . (2021). FINANCIAL CRISIS AND GENDER POLITICS IN EUROPE . Yönetim ve Ekonomi Araştırmaları Dergisi , 19 (1) , 22-36 . DOI: 10.11611/yead.875890
MLA Ince Yenilmez, M . "FINANCIAL CRISIS AND GENDER POLITICS IN EUROPE" . Yönetim ve Ekonomi Araştırmaları Dergisi 19 (2021 ): 22-36 <
Chicago Ince Yenilmez, M . "FINANCIAL CRISIS AND GENDER POLITICS IN EUROPE". Yönetim ve Ekonomi Araştırmaları Dergisi 19 (2021 ): 22-36
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - FINANCIAL CRISIS AND GENDER POLITICS IN EUROPE AU - Meltem Ince Yenilmez Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.11611/yead.875890 DO - 10.11611/yead.875890 T2 - Yönetim ve Ekonomi Araştırmaları Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 22 EP - 36 VL - 19 IS - 1 SN - 2148-029X-2148-029X M3 - doi: 10.11611/yead.875890 UR - Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Yönetim ve Ekonomi Araştırmaları Dergisi FINANCIAL CRISIS AND GENDER POLITICS IN EUROPE %A Meltem Ince Yenilmez %T FINANCIAL CRISIS AND GENDER POLITICS IN EUROPE %D 2021 %J Yönetim ve Ekonomi Araştırmaları Dergisi %P 2148-029X-2148-029X %V 19 %N 1 %R doi: 10.11611/yead.875890 %U 10.11611/yead.875890
ISNAD Ince Yenilmez, Meltem . "FINANCIAL CRISIS AND GENDER POLITICS IN EUROPE". Yönetim ve Ekonomi Araştırmaları Dergisi 19 / 1 (Mart 2021): 22-36 .
AMA Ince Yenilmez M . FINANCIAL CRISIS AND GENDER POLITICS IN EUROPE. Yönetim ve Ekonomi Araştırmaları Dergisi. 2021; 19(1): 22-36.
Vancouver Ince Yenilmez M . FINANCIAL CRISIS AND GENDER POLITICS IN EUROPE. Yönetim ve Ekonomi Araştırmaları Dergisi. 2021; 19(1): 22-36.
IEEE M. Ince Yenilmez , "FINANCIAL CRISIS AND GENDER POLITICS IN EUROPE", Yönetim ve Ekonomi Araştırmaları Dergisi, c. 19, sayı. 1, ss. 22-36, Mar. 2021, doi:10.11611/yead.875890