The Integration Process of Enterprise Resource Planning Systems

Bilişim teknolojilerindeki son yıllarda meydana gelen büyük ilerlemeler, hem imalat hem de hizmet sektörlerinde yeni yöntem ve sistem yaklaşımların ortaya çıkışını tetiklemiştir. 1990’larda söz konusu gelişmelerle yaygınlaşan ERP (Kurumsal Kaynak Planlaması) sistemleri, bütünleşik sistem çerçevesi ile işletmelerin tüm iş süreçlerini yönetmesini mümkün kılmış ve işletmeler bugünün yüksek değişkenlik içeren küresel ekonomik ortamında rekabetçi avantajlar sağlayabilmiştir. Fakat genel olarak, bu avantajların edinimi, ERP bütünleşimi sürecinde kayıplara sebebiyet verebilmektedir. Dolayısıyla, ERP sistemini bütünleşik bir sistem olarak düşünmek gerekliliği yeni ERP bütünleşme çabalarını şekillendirmektedir. Bu çalışma, bu ihtiyaçları ortaya koymakta ve ERP sistemlerini seçim, uygulama ve uygulama sonrası safha olarak incelemektedir.

The great developments in information technology have triggered the emergence of new methods and system approaches in both manufacturing and service industries. ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) systems, well known with these improvements in 1990s, enable the companies manage all their business process by an integrated system framework. Thus, enterprises could be gaining a competitive advantage in today’s highly changeable and global economic environment. But in general, the challenge of acquisition of these vantages causes losses in ERP integration process. Hence, the necessity of considering the ERP system as an integrated system shapes the new ERP integration efforts. This study allows for these needs and reviews the ERP system which is three-tiered and consists of selection, implementation and post implementation processes.

Kaynakça

Al-Mashari, M., Al-Mudimigh, A., Zairi, M., 2003, Enterprise resource planning: A taxonomy of critical factors, European Journal of Operational Research 146, pp. 352-364.

Akkermans, H. A., Bogerd, P., Yücesan, E., Van Wassenhove, L. N., 2003, The impact of ERP on supply chain management: Exploratory findings from a European Delphi Study, European Journal of Operational Research 146, pp. 284-301.

Bendoly, E., Jacobs, F. R., 2003, Enterprise resource planning: Developments and directions for operations management research, European Journal of Operational Research 146, pp. 233-240.

Chung, S., Snyder, S., 1999, ERP initiation – A historical perspective, In: proceedings of AMCIS.

Cooke, D., Peterson, W., 1998, SAP Implementation: Strategies and results, The Conference Board, New York.

Davenport, T. H., 1998, Putting the enterprise into the enterprise system, Harvard Business Review, pp. 121-131.

Gable, G., 1998, Large package software: A neglected technology, Journal of Global Information Management 6 (3), pp. 3-4.

Holsapple, C. W., Sena, M. P., 2003, ERP plans and decision-support benefits, Decision Support Systems, pp. 1-16.

Hong, Kyung-Kwon, Kim, Young-Kul, 2002, The critical success factor for ERP implementation: an organizational fit perspective, Information & Management 40, pp. 25-40.

Huin, S. F., 2004, Managing deployment of ERP systems in SMEs using multi agents, International Journal of Project Management, pp. 511-517.

Klaus, H., Rosemann, M., Gable, G. G., 2000, What is ERP?, Information Systems Frontiers 2:2, pp. 141-162.

Kumar, K., Hillegersberg, J.V., 2000, ERP Experiences and Evolution, Communications of the ACM, Vol. 43, No. 4, pp. 23-26.

Mabert, V. A., Soni, A., Venkataramanan, M. A., 2003, Enterprise resource planning: Managing the implementation process, European Journal of Operational Research 146, pp.302-314.

Merode, G. G., Groothuis, S., Hasman, A., 2004, Enterprise Resource Planning for hospitals, International Journal of Medical Informatics, pp. 1-9.

Ng, J. K. C., Ip, W. H., 2003, Web-ERP: the new generation of enterprise resource planning, Journal of Materials Processing Technology 138, pp. 590-593.

Nicolaou, A. I., 2004, Quality of postimplementation review for enterprise resource planning systems, International Journal of Accounting Information Systems 5, pp. 25-49.

O’Leary, D. E., 2002, Knowledge management across the enterprise resource planning systems life cycle, International Journal of Accounting Information Systems 3, pp. 99-110.

Rashid, M. A., Hossain, L., Patrick, J. D., 2002, The evolution of ERP systems: A historical perspective, Idea Group Publishing, pp. 1-16.

Rosemann, M., 1999, ERP software characteristics and consequences, In: Proceeding of the 7th European Conference on Information Systems, 1999-ECIS’99, Copenhaven, DK.

Salam, A. F., Amoako-Gyampah, K., 2004, An extension of the technology acceptance model in an ERP implementation environment, Information & Management 41, pp. 731-745.

Slooten, K., Yap, L., Implementing ERP information systems using SAP, Proceedings of AMCIS.

Somers, T. M., Nelson, K. G., 2004, A taxonomy of players and activities across the ERP project lifecycle, Information & Management 41, pp. 257-278.

Umble, M. M., Haft, R. R., Umble, E. J., 2003, Enterprise resource planning: Implementation procedures and critical success factors, European Journal of Operational Research 146, pp. 241-257.

Yusuf, Y., Gunasekaran, A., Abthorpe, M. S., 2004, Enterprise information systems project implementation: A case study of ERP in Rolls-Royce, Int. J. Production Economics 87, pp. 251-266.

Wei, C. C., Wang, M. J. J., 2004, A comprehensive framework for selecting an ERP system, International Journal of Project Management 22, pp. 161-169.

Kaynak Göster