Ekonomik Özgürlükler ve Doğrudan Yabancı Yatırımlar: İstatistiksel Bir Analiz

Yabancı sermaye akışı gelişmekte olan ülkelerin sermaye yetersizliği kısıtını aşmaları bakımından önemlidir. Bununla birlikte büyümenin sürdürülebilmesinde daha önemli olan doğrudan yabancı yatırımlar risk faktörünün düşük olduğu ülkelere yönelmektedirler. Göreceli olarak daha özgür ekonomik ortama sahip ülkeler yabancı doğrudan yatırımlar açısından riskin azaldığı ülkelerdir. Bu çalışmada doğrudan yabancı yatırımlar ile ekonomik özgürlükler ilişkisi istatistiksel yöntemlerle analiz edilmiştir. Çalışmada ekonomik özgürlük puanı yüksek olan ülkelerin, puanı az olan ülkelere göre ortalama olarak daha fazla doğrudan yabancı yatırım aldıkları tespit edilmiştir.

Foreign capital flow exhibits importance for the developing countries to overcome the capital deficiency constraint they suffer. However, foreign direct investments which are far more important for sustainable growth than portfolio investments channel themselves to the countries in which they would encounter lower risk. In this study, the relationship between economic freedom and foreign direct investments have been analyzed using ANOVA and t-statistics. It has been found that countries ranked higher with respect to economic freedom receive more foreign direct investment than those ranked lower.

Kaynakça

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