Bilimsel İlerleme ile İlgili Son Tartışmaların Değerlendirilmesi

Bilimsel ilerlemenin ne demek olduğu ilk bakışta kolayca yanıtlanabilecek bir soru gibi görünmektedir. Bilimlerin ilerleme fikri olmaksızın düşünülmesi pek kolay değildir; neredeyse bilim ile ilerleme özdeş görülür. Bilimsel ilerlemenin doğasını betimlemek teorik olduğu kadar pratik sonuçlar doğuracak önemli bir görevdir. Bilimlerin yaslandığı arkaplanın pozitivist yoruma uygun olarak tarihsel, kültürel bir nitelik taşımadığını öne süren yaklaşım bilimleri büyük ölçüde gözlem ve deney verilerinin geçerliliğinin sınanması olarak kabul eder. Öte yandan bilim tarihinin karmaşık işleyişinin bilimsel kuramlar üzerinde silinmez bir damgası olduğunu vurgulayan eğilim ise bilimleri tarihsel, toplumsal bir zemin üzerine inşa etmeyi tercih eder. Her iki ana yaklaşımın bilimsel ilerleme fikrini temellendirme yolları, hem bilimsel bilginin doğasına ilişkin anlayışımızı hem de bilim yapma yöntemlerimizi derinden etkilemektedir. Bu yazıda özellikle yirminci yüzyılda öne çıkmış bilim felsefecilerinin görüşlerinden hareketle bilimsel ilerlemeye dair değerlendirme yapmak amaçlanmaktadır.

Evaluation of Some Recent Debates on Scientific Progress

At first glance, what scientific progress means seems to be a quickly answered question. It is not easy to think of the sciences without progress; sciences and the notion of progress seem identical in general. Describing the nature of scientific progress is an important task that will have practical and theoretical consequences. The approach, which argues that the background on which sciences are based does not have a historical or cultural character following the positivist interpretation, accepts sciences as testing the validity of observation and experiment data to a large extent. On the other hand, the tendency that emphasizes that the complex functioning of the history of science has an indelible mark on scientific theories prefers to build sciences on a historical and social basis. How both major approaches ground the idea of scientific progress profoundly affects both our understanding of the nature of scientific knowledge and the way we do science. This paper aims to evaluate scientific progress based on the views of prominent philosophers of science in the twentieth century.

Kaynakça

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Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { kilikya1111769, journal = {Kilikya Felsefe Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {2148-9327}, address = {}, publisher = {Mersin Üniversitesi}, year = {2022}, volume = {1}, pages = {97 - 109}, doi = {}, title = {Evaluation of Some Recent Debates on Scientific Progress}, key = {cite}, author = {Neslioğlu Serin, Funda} }
APA Neslioğlu Serin, F. (2022). Evaluation of Some Recent Debates on Scientific Progress . Kilikya Felsefe Dergisi , 1 (1) , 97-109 .
MLA Neslioğlu Serin, F. "Evaluation of Some Recent Debates on Scientific Progress" . Kilikya Felsefe Dergisi 1 (2022 ): 97-109 <
Chicago Neslioğlu Serin, F. "Evaluation of Some Recent Debates on Scientific Progress". Kilikya Felsefe Dergisi 1 (2022 ): 97-109
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Evaluation of Some Recent Debates on Scientific Progress AU - Funda Neslioğlu Serin Y1 - 2022 PY - 2022 N1 - DO - T2 - Kilikya Felsefe Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 97 EP - 109 VL - 1 IS - 1 SN - -2148-9327 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 Kilikya Felsefe Dergisi Evaluation of Some Recent Debates on Scientific Progress %A Funda Neslioğlu Serin %T Evaluation of Some Recent Debates on Scientific Progress %D 2022 %J Kilikya Felsefe Dergisi %P -2148-9327 %V 1 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD Neslioğlu Serin, Funda . "Evaluation of Some Recent Debates on Scientific Progress". Kilikya Felsefe Dergisi 1 / 1 (Nisan 2022): 97-109 .
AMA Neslioğlu Serin F. Evaluation of Some Recent Debates on Scientific Progress. Kilikya Felsefe Dergisi. 2022; 1(1): 97-109.
Vancouver Neslioğlu Serin F. Evaluation of Some Recent Debates on Scientific Progress. Kilikya Felsefe Dergisi. 2022; 1(1): 97-109.
IEEE F. Neslioğlu Serin , "Evaluation of Some Recent Debates on Scientific Progress", Kilikya Felsefe Dergisi, c. 1, sayı. 1, ss. 97-109, Nis. 2022