Hassan Blasim'in Kısa Hikayelerindeki Göçmenin “Kayıp Tanıklığı”

Bu makale Hassan Blasim’in kısa hikaye seçkisi, Ceset Sergisi ve Başka Irak Hikayeleri’ni inceler ve seçkinin göç ve devletsizlik tecrübeleriyle ilintili olan, “prekarite” diye de adlandırılan yoksunluk halinin kendine özgü, yetkin bir temsili olduğunu savunur. Agamben’in “tanıklık” kavramından yola çıkan makale göçmenlerin küresel Kuzey ve küresel Güney bağlamında devletsizlik tanıklıklarını hikayeleştirirken nasıl bir dil kullandıklarını karşılaştırmalı bir bakış açısıyla inceler. Tanıklık yapmak ya da ifade vermek olarak anlaşılabilecek bu anlatı şeklinin, göçmenlerle ilgili kanunları şekillendiren “prekarite” ve güvenlilik kavramlarının anlamlarını tekrar yorumladığını, böylelikle dilsel bir tür direnme şeklini ortaya çıkardığını gösterir. Bu dilsel direnişin vadettiği “prekarite”den kurtuluş ancak, bütün kanunların temelindeki “prekarite” ve güvenlilik hallerine dair alternative anlamlar yaratan, Agamben’in tartıştığı “kanun içinde oyun” aracılığıyla ulaşılabilir.

The “Missing Testimony” of the Precarious Migrant in Hassan Blasim’s Short Stories

This article argues that Hassan Blasim’s short story selection, The Corpse Exhibition and Other Stories of Iraq, distinctively portrays the migrant resistance to the state of precarity inherent in the experience of migration and statelessness. Adopting Agamben’s concept of “testimony”, this article offers a comparative analysis of how migrants use language to narratively construct their testimonies within the context of the global North and global South, respectively. Narrative qua testimony-giving will be shown to highlight a linguistic form of resistance that redefines the meaning of precarity and safety upon which migration law is founded. It is within this linguistic form of resistance that the promise of salvation from precarity lies, a salvation, however, that can only be achieved through an Agambenian ‘play with the law’, potentially creating alternative meanings of safety and precarity fundamental to all law.

Kaynakça

Agamben, G. (1993a). Stanzas: Word and phantasm in Western culture. (R. L. Martinez, Trans.). London: University of Minnesota Press. (Original work published 1977).

Agamben, G. (1993b). The coming community. (M. Hardt, Trans.). London: University of Minnesota Press. (Original work published 1990).

Agamben, G. (1998). Homo sacer: Sovereign power and bare life. (D. Heller-Roazen, Trans.). California: Stanford University Press. (Original work published 1995).

Agamben, G. (1999a). On potentialities. In D. Heller-Roazen (Ed.), Potentialities: collected essays in philosophy (pp.177-184). California: Stanford University Press.

Agamben, G. (1999b). Remnants of Auschwitz: The witness and the archive. (D. Heller-Roazen, Trans.). New York: Zone Books. (Original work published 1998).

Agamben, G. (1999c). The idea of language. In D. Heller-Roazen (Ed.), Potentialities: collected essays in philosophy (pp.39-47). California: Stanford University Press.

Agamben, G. (2000). Means without end: Notes of politics. (V. Binetti and C. Casarino, Trans.). London: University of Minnesota Press. (Original work published 1996).

Agamben, G. (2005). State of exception. (K. Attell, Trans.). Chicago: University of Chicago Press. (Original work published 2003).

Agamben, G. (2006). Language and death: The place of negativity. (K. E. Penkus and M. Hardt, Trans.). Oxford: University of Minnesota Press. (Original work published 1982).

Agamben, G. (2007). Profanations. (J. Fort, Trans.). New York: Zone Books. (Original work published 2005).

Al-Masri, K. (2018). The politics and poetics of madness in Hassan Blasim’s “The madman of freedom square”. Journal of Arabic Literature, 49(3), 271–295.

Atia, N. (2017). The figure of the refugee in Hassan Blasim’s “The reality and the record”. The Journal of Commonwealth Literature, 54(3), 319-33.

Bahoora, H. (2015). Writing the dismembered nation: The aesthetics of horror in Iraqi narratives of war. The Arab Studies Journal, 23(1), 184-208.

Balcaite, I. (2019). Networks of resilience: Legal precarity and transborder citizenship among the Karen from Myanmar in Thailand. TRaNS: Trans-Regional and – National Studies of Southeast Asia, 7(1), 63-89.

Bhabha, H.K. (1994). The location of culture. London: Routledge.

Blasim, Hassan. (2014). The corpse exhibition and other stories of Iraq. (J. Wright, Trans.). New York: Penguin Books. (Original work published 2009).

Boaventura de Sousa, S. (2016). Epistemologies of the south: Justice against epistmicide. London: Routledge.

Chambers, C. (2012). The reality and the record: Muslim asylum accounts. Moving Worlds, 12(2), 143−154.

Frank, S. (2008). Migration and literature: Gunter Grass, Milan Kundera, Salman Rushdie, and Jan Kjarstad. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Sakr, R. (2018). The more-than-human refugee journey: Hassan Blasim’s short stories. Journal of Postcolonial Writing, 54(6), 766-80.

Sellman, J. (2018). A global postcolonial: Contemporary Arabic literature of migration to Europe. Journal of Postcolonial Writing, 54(6), 751-765.

Shang, B. (2019). Unnatural narrative across borders: Transnational and comparative perspectives. London and New York: Routledge/ Shanghai Jiao Tong University Press.

White, P. (1995). Geography, literature and migration. In R. King, J. Connell & P. White (Eds.), Writing across worlds: literature and migration (pp. 1-19). London: Routledge.

Woolley, A. (2014). Contemporary asylum narratives: Representing refugees in the twentieth century. Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan.

Kaynak Göster

APA Ghanem, H. (2021). The “Missing Testimony” of the Precarious Migrant in Hassan Blasim’s Short Stories . HUMANITAS - Uluslararası Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi , 9 (18) , 96-111 . DOI: 10.20304/humanitas.953706