Treatment of Flight Phobia (Aviophobia) Through The Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) Method: A Case Report

Tüm fobilerde bireyler, fobik durumla karşılaştıklarında, belirgin, şiddetli, ısrarlı ve mantıksız korku yaşarlar. Fobilerin etiyolojisine bakıldığında travmatik yaşantı varlığı şart olmamakla hatta birçok hastada öyküde travmatik yaşantı bulunmamakla birlikte eğer saptanabilen bir travmatik yaşantı varsa tedavide EMDR de iyi bir seçenek gibi görünmektedir. Ayrıca başlangıcı bir travmatik yaşantı olmasa bile fobik korku oluştuktan sonra, korku nesnesiyle her karşılaşma hatta karşılaşma düşüncesi bir travmatik olay olarak ele alınabilir. Bu da fobi tedavisinde EMDR'nin bir tedavi seçeneği olabileceğini desteklemektedir. Bu yazıda da, bir uçuşu sırasında uçağın türbülansa girmesi nedeniyle uçuşta sarsıntı yaşayan, sonrasında uçuş korkusu gelişen ve uçağa binemeyen bir hastanın EMDR ile tedavisi anlatılmaktadır. Tedavide, Shapiro tarafından tanımlanmış olan fobi protokolü çerçevesinde her biri yaklaşık bir saat süren üç EMDR seansı uygulanmış ve hastanın fobik korku ve kaçınmasının ortadan kalktığı gözlemlenmiştir. Sonuç olarak, EMDR'nin geçmişte koşullanma deneyimleri sonrası oluştuğu düşünülen birçok klinik tabloda tedavi seçeneği olarak düşünülebileceği söylenebilir.

Uçuş fobisinin (aviofobi) göz hareketleri ile duyarsızlaştırma ve yeniden işleme (EMDR) yöntemi ile tedavisi: Bir olgu sunumu

All phobic individuals, when faced with the phobic situation, feel obvious, severe, persistent and irrational fear. The presence of traumatic experiences are not necessary in the etiology of phobias. Even though there are many patients with no traumatic experiences in the history, if there is a detectable traumatic event in the history, EMDR therapy seems to be a good option for the treatment.. Also, although there is not a traumatic event at the beginning, after the formation of phobic fear, every encounter to phobic object, even the idea, can be seen as traumatic event. This support that EMDR may be an option for the treatment of phobias. In this article, EMDR treatment of a case who experienced a jolt of the aircraft during a flight because of a turbulence and who then developed flight anxiety and could not get on a plane is presented. Within the framework of the protocol defined by Shapiro, three EMDR sessions, each session lasting about an hour, were applied as treatment. And it was observed that phobic fear and avoidance of the patient were disappeared. As a result, EMDR may be considered as a treatment option in several clinical conditions thought to occur after the experiences of the past conditioning.

Kaynakça

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