Astım, kolayca tanınabilen klinik bulgu ve semptomları olan, inflamatuvar bir hastalıktır. Astım atağı, astımlı bir hastada hızla ilerleyen nefes darlığı, öksürük, hışıltı ve göğüste baskı hissi yakınmalarının varlığı ve ekspiratuvar hava akımında azalmayı yansıtan zirve akım hızı (PEF) ve 1. saniyedeki zorlu ekspiratuvar volum (FEV1) gibi solunum fonksiyon testi (SFT) parametrelerinin ölçümü ile tanınır. Bu yazıda GINA rehberi temel alınarak ağırlıklı olarak astım atağının tedavisi anlatılacaktır.
Asthma is an inflammatory disease with easily recognized clinical signs and symptoms. Exacerbation of asthma is defined as rapidly progressive increase in shortness of breath, cough, wheezing, or chest tightness and a decrease in expiratory airflow that can be qualified by measurement of pulmonary function tests such as the peak expiratory flow (PEF) and forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1). This review mainly focuses on the treatment of acute asthma considering the recommendations of GINA guideline.
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