İnfertilite Stresi ile Bireysel Baş Etme Yöntemleri: Bir Sistematik Derleme

İnfertilite bireylerde/çiftlerde biyolojik, psikolojik, sosyo-kültürel, ekonomik ve etik açıdan birçok probleme sebep olmaktadır. Bir kriz durumu olan infertilite, sosyal izolasyona, damgalanmaya, evlilik ilişkilerinde bozulmaya, psikolojik sorunlara ve strese sebep olur. Strese sebep olan durum karşısında bazı baş etme yöntemlerinin kullanılması kabul görmüş bir tutumdur. Bu sebeple infertilite stresiyle baş etmede etkili baş etme yöntemlerinin kullanılması önemlidir. Bu sistematik derlemede infertilite stresi ile baş etmede kullanılan bireysel baş etme yöntemlerini içeren çalışmaların sonuçlarını incelemek amaçlanmıştır. Sistematik derlemeye dâhil etme kriterleri; infertilite stresiyle bireysel baş etme yöntemlerini inceleyen çalışma olması, araştırma makalesi [nicel/nitel] olması, yayın dilinin İngilizce olması, son beş yılda yayınlanan araştırma olması, tam metnine ulaşılabilen ve derleme olmayan çalışma olmasıdır. Derlemeye dâhil etme kriterlerini sağlayan on altı çalışmanın dördü tanımlayıcı, sekizi kesitsel tanımlayıcı, biri ilişki arayıcı, biri nitel, biri ilişki arayıcı ve nitel, biri tanımlayıcı ve derinlemesine görüşme tasarım tipindedir. Çalışmalar incelendiğinde; infertil bireylerin stres ile başa çıkmada çeşitli baş etme yöntemlerini kullandıkları belirlenmiştir. Din ve maneviyata yönelme, sosyal izolasyon, durumu yok sayma ve dikkati başka yöne çekme girişimlerinin en fazla kullanılan yöntemler olduğu sonucuna varılmıştır. Sağlık bakım vericileri infertil bireyleri/çiftleri bütünsel bir yaklaşımla değerlendirmeli ve infertilite stresiyle baş etmelerine yardımcı olacak bir yaklaşımda olmalıdır.

Methods of Individual Coping with Infertility Stress: A Systematic Review

Infertility causes many problems in biological, psychosocial, economic, ethical and cultural issues in individuals/couples. Infertility, which is a crisis situation, causes social isolation, stigmatization, deterioration in marital relations, psychological problems and stress. The use of some coping methods in the face of stress is accepted. Therefore, it is important to use effective coping methods to cope with infertility stress. In this systematic review, it was aimed to examine the results of the studies including individual coping methods used to cope with infertility stress. Inclusion criteria in systematic review; The purpose of this study is studying the individual coping methods with infertility stress, having a research paper [quantitative/qualitative], having a publication language in English and a research published in the last five years and also to be able to reach the full text and not to compile. Four of the sixteen studies that included the inclusion criteria in the review were descriptive, eight were cross-sectional descriptors, one was relational, one was qualitative, one was relational and one was qualitative, one was descriptive and one was in-depth interview design. When the studies are examined; infertile individuals used various methods of coping with stress. It has been concluded that attempts towards religion and spirituality, social isolation, ignoring the situation and attracting attention are the most commonly used methods. Health care providers should evaluate infertile individuals/couples with a holistic approach and should take an approach to help them cope with infertility stress.

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Kaynak Göster

Celal Bayar Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi
  • ISSN: 2147-9607
  • Yayın Aralığı: Yılda 4 Sayı
  • Başlangıç: 2014

4.2b2.3b

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