Sürdürülebilir Beslenme ve Beslenme Örüntüsü: Bitkisel Kaynaklı Beslenme

Sürdürülebilir beslenme yeni bir kavram olmamasına karşın, dünya nüfusunda artış projeksiyonları ve iklim değişikliği konularına artan ilgi sonucunda günümüzde daha fazla dikkat çeker duruma gelmiştir. Gıda Tarım Örgütü (FAO) ve Dünya Sağlık Örgütü (WHO) sürdürülebilir sağlıklı diyeti “Sürdürülebilir diyetler çevresel etkisi düşük olan, besin ve beslenme güvencesini ve günümüz ve gelecek nesiller için sağlıklı yaşamı destekleyen diyetlerdir” diye tanımlamaktadır. Sürdürülebilir diyetler insan ve doğal kaynakları optimize ederken; biyoçeşitliliğe ve ekosisteme saygılı ve koruyucu, kültürel olarak kabul gören, erişilebilir, ekonomik olarak uygun ve karşılanabilir, beslenme açısından yeterli, güvenilir ve sağlıklı diyetlerdir. Besin üretimi ve tüketimi çevresel bozulmanın temel etmenleri arasındadır. Günümüzde küresel besin sisteminin sürdürülebilir olmadığı dikkati çekmektedir. Küresel olarak üretilen besinlerin üçte biri israf edilmekte veya kayba uğramaktadır. Optimal ve sürdürülebilir sağlık yaşam döngüsü sürecinde sürdürülebilir beslenme örüntüsü ile olasıdır. Bunun da bitkisel kaynaklı beslenme ile olasılığı rapor edilmektedir. Diyetisyenlerin mesleki eğitim ve öğretim programında sürdürülebilir beslenme, sürdürülebilir sağlık ve sürdürülebilir çevre yaklaşımları yer almalı, diyetisyenler varlıklarını görünür kılmalı, becerilerini pekiştirmeli ve sürdürülebilirlik okuryazarı ve savunucusu olmalıdır.

Sustainable Diets and Dietary Pattern: Plant-Based Nutrition

The concept of sustainable diets, although not new, is gaining increased attention across the globe, especially in relation to projected population growth and growing concerns about climate change. As defined by the FAO “Sustainable diets are those diets with low environmental impacts which contribute to food and nutrition security and to healthy life for present and future generations”. Sustainable diets are protective and respectful of biodiversity and ecosystems, culturally acceptable, accessible, economically fair and affordable; nutritionally adequate, safe and healthy, while optimizing natural and human resources. Food production and consumption are among the main drivers of environmental degradation. Globally, a third of the food produced is lost or wasted. Optimal (healthy) nutrition is possible with a sustainable dietary pattern. It is reported that it could only be sustained by plant-based diets. In the professional educational curricula of the dietitian, sustainable nutrition, sustainable health and sustainable environment approaches should include and dietitians need to amplify their visibility, consolidate their skills and become more sustainability literate and advocates.

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Kaynak Göster