Yetişkin Profesyonel Erkek Futbolcuların Hedonik Açlık ve Beslenme Durumlarının Belirlenmesi

Amaç: Bu çalışma; yüksek şiddetli uzun süreli egzersiz yapan profesyonel futbolcular ile sedanter kontrol grubunun hedonik açlık ve beslenme durumlarını belirleyerek fiziksel aktivitenin hedonik açlığa etkisini araştırmak amacıyla yapılmıştır. Bireyler ve Yöntem: Çalışmanın örneklem grubunu Aralık 2018- Mart 2019 tarihleri arasında Türkiye Futbol Federasyonu 1. Lig takımlarından birinde oynayan profesyonel 25 futbolcu ve aynı takımda çalışan 25 sedanter erkek olmak üzere 18-35 yaş arası toplam 50 sağlıklı birey oluşturmuştur. Ayrıca sporcu grubu kendi içerisinde fiziksel olarak aktif ve inaktif oldukları (devre arası tatil dönemi) dönem olarak ikiye ayrılmış ve sonuçlar araştırma kapsamında değerlendirilmiştir. Bireylerin hedonik açlık durumları Besin Gücü Ölçeği (BGÖ) ile saptanmıştır. Beş maddelik bir Likert ölçeği ile cevaplandırılan BGÖ’nün değerlendirme aşamasında toplam ve alt grup puanları 1-5 puan arasında değerlendirilmiştir. Beş puan üzerinden yapılan değerlendirme sonucunda ölçek puanlarının ortalama 2.5’un üzerine çıkması hedonik açlığın varlığını ve besinden etkilenildiğini ifade etmektedir. Bulgular: Futbolcu (aktif dönem-inaktif dönem) ve sedanter grubun BGÖ ortalama toplam puanları sırasıyla 3.0±0.62, 2.5±0.55, 2.4±0.56 olarak bulunmuştur. BGÖ toplam puanı ile “besin bulunabilirliği” ve “besinlerin tadına bakılması” alt grup ortalama puanlarının futbolcu aktif grubunda sedanter gruba göre daha yüksek olduğu belirlenmiştir (p

Determination of Adult Professional Male Soccer Player’s Hedonic Hunger and Nutritional Status

Aim: This study has been conducted to investigate the effect of physical activity on hedonic hunger by identifying the hedonic hunger status of the professional soccer players who have a high intensity long term exercise and sedentary control group. Subjects and Methods: This study was carried out on totally 50 healthy individuals aged between 18-35 years, 25 professional athletes and 25 sedentary control group who are a playing and working in a Turkish Football Federation 1th Division team. Hedonic hunger status of individuals was determined by the Power of Food Scale (PFS).The scores of total and subgroups were calculated between 1 and 5 at evaluation stage of the PFS. As a result of the evaluation made over five points, the mean score of scale is above 2.5 indicates the presence of hedonic hunger and affected from foods. Results: PFS mean total scores of the soccer players (active period and inactive period) and sedentary group were 3.0 ± 062, 2.5 ± 0.55 and 2.4 ± 0.56, respectively. Mean total score and “food availability”, “food tested” subgroup mean scores were found to be higher in active group than sedentary group (p

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