Taze Meyve ve Sebzeler için Aktif, Zeki veya Akıllı Paketleme Teknolojileri

Tüketici tercihlerindeki değişimler günümüz paketleme teknolojisine yenilikler katmıştır ve katmaya devam etmektedir. Özellikle aktif, zeki veya akıllı paketleme teknolojileri bu tüketici tercihlerine cevap verebilecek sistemler olarak tanınmaktadır. Aktif paketleme teknolojisi ürün kalitesinin korunması ve ürünün uzun süre muhafaza edilmesi amacıyla aktif maddelerin ürüne kaplama olarak, ambalaj kabına veya ürünün bulunduğu ortama ilave edilmesidir. Zeki paketleme teknolojisi ise paket durumunu kontrol ederek ilgili kişileri bilgilendirebilme özelliği olan bir sistemdir. Akıllı paketleme teknolojisi ise zeki paketlemenin daha ileri bir şekli olup paket, ürün veya ürünün bulunduğu ortamdaki diğer gazlar tarafından ortaya çıkarılan uyarılara cevap verilebilecek mekanizmaların bir bütünüdür. Uzun raf ömrü, gıda güvenliği gibi sebeplerden dolayı, taze bahçe ürünlerinde aktif, zeki veya akıllı paketleme sistemlerinin kullanımının yakın gelecekte artması beklenmektedir. Bu derleme taze bahçe ürünlerinde yenilikçi paketleme sistemlerini ve kullanımını değerlendirmek amacıyla hazırlanmıştır.

Active, Intelligent and Smart Packaging Technologies for Fresh Fruits and Vegetables

Changes in customers' predilection has added and continues to add innovation to packaging technologies. Specifically, active, intelligent or smart packaging technologies are known as the systems which respond to this customers' predilection. Active packaging technology is an addition of supplements into a product as a coating material, packaging film or headspace itself with the aim of protecting the product quality and prolonging of its shelf life. As for the intelligent packaging technology is an advanced system which can monitor the package condition and inform relevant persons. The smart packaging technology, an advanced form of the intelligent packaging, is integrity of mechanisms which perform additional functions and responds to stimuli raised by other gases in the package, product or headspace itself. The use of active, intelligent or smart packing systems in fresh horticultural crops is expected be boost in the near future due to the increasing demand for safer fruits and vegetables with a better shelf life. This review has been prepared to evaluate the innovative packaging systems and their use in fresh horticultural crops.

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