General Picture of English Language Teaching Programs and Students in Turkey

English language teaching (henceforth ELT) has always been criticized due to the performance of Turkey in global English proficiency indices and students’ lack of speaking ability. Despite several attempts to change language teaching programs, it cannot be claimed that the situation has transformed. ELT programs and students studying in these programs as one of the major elements of language teaching and learning issues in the country have been investigated in this study. The statistics regarding ELT programs and ELT students between the years 2016 and 2019 have been taken from YÖK Atlas, an online platform launched by the Council of Higher Education. The statistical data taken from this platform were analyzed, taking students’ gender, educational background, university preferences, and foreign language test mean scores as well as ELT programs’ academic staff, performance in exchange programs, and students’ program preference statistics into account. The statistics indicated the dominance of female students and relatively low English proficiency of the students in ELT programs. Assistant professors were found to be the leading academic staff in these programs. Moreover, ELT students’ preferences with regard to geographical proximity and availability of student exchange programs have been provided in the findings. Finally, some potential future research topics have been suggested.

Türkiye’deki İngilizce Öğretmenliği Programlarının ve Öğrencilerinin Genel Görünümü

İngilizce dil öğretimi, Türkiye’nin küresel İngilizce yeterlilik endekslerindeki performansı ve öğrencilerin konuşma becerisi eksikliği nedeniyle her zaman eleştirilmiştir. Dil öğretim programlarını değiştirmek için yapılan çeşitli girişimlere rağmen, durumun değiştiği iddia edilemez. Bu çalışmada, ülkemizde dil öğretimi ve öğrenimi konusunun en önemli unsurlarından biri olan İngilizce öğretmenliği programları ve bu programlarda okuyan öğrenciler araştırılmıştır. 2016-2019 yılları arasında İngilizce öğretmenliği programlarına ve öğrencilerine ilişkin istatistikler, Yükseköğretim Kurulu tarafından başlatılan çevrimiçi bir platform olan YÖK Atlas’tan alınmıştır. Bu platformdan alınan istatistiki veriler, öğrencilerin cinsiyeti, eğitim geçmişleri, üniversite tercihleri, yabancı dil testi ortalama skorları ile birlikte İngilizce öğretmenliği programlarının akademik kadrosu, değişim programları performansı ve öğrencilerin programları tercih istatistikleri alınarak analiz edilmiştir. İstatistikler, kız öğrencilerin bu programdaki sayıca üstünlüğünü ve öğrencilerin nispeten düşük İngilizce yeterliliğini göstermiştir. Doktor öğretim üyesi pozisyonu bu programlarda sayıca önde gelen akademik personel olarak bulunmuştur. Ayrıca bulgularda İngilizce öğretmenliği öğrencilerinin üniversite tercihlerinde coğrafi yakınlık ve öğrenci değişim programlarının mevcudiyeti ile ilgili tercihleri sunulmuştur. Son olarak, gelecekteki bazı potansiyel araştırma konuları önerilmiştir.

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Kaynak Göster