Mesane Çıkışı Obstrüksiyonunun Non-İnvaziv Tanısında İnravazikal Prostatik Protrüzyonun Önemi: Semptomlar ve Üroflowmetrik Sonuçlarla Koralasyon

Amaç: Alt üriner sistem yakınmaları (AÜSY) olan hastalarda transabdominal ultrasonografi (US) kullanılarak ölçülen intravezikal prostatik protrüzyon ile (İPP), hastanın yakınmaları ve üroflowmetrik sonuçları arasındaki ilişkiyi araştırmaktır. Materyal ve Metot: AÜSY olan 102 hastaya uluslararası prostatik semptom skorlamasına (international prostatic symptom scoring: IPSS) ait sorular yöneltilip yanıtları kaydedilmiştir. Abdominal US incelemede İPP ölçümleri alınmıştır. Ardından dolu mesane hacmi, post-voiding rezidüel idrar (PVR) miktarı ölçülmüştür. IPSS değerlerine göre olgular düşük, orta ve şiddetli semptomlara sahip 3 grupta sınıflandırılmıştır. Hastaların PSA değerleri, maksimum (MİAH) ve ortalama idrar akım hızlarını (OİAH) içeren üro-flowmetri sonuçları ve yaşları kaydedilmiştir. SPSS 19.0 kullanılarak, değişkenler arasındaki ilişkiler non-parametrik testlerle analiz edilmiş, p

(Importance of intravesical prostatic protrusion in the noninvasive diagnosis of bladder outlet obstruction: Correlation with symptoms and uroflowmetry results)

Background: To investigate the relationship among intravesical prostatic protrusion (IPP) measured using transabdominal ultrasound (TAUS) and symptoms and results of uroflowmetry in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Material and Methods: Questions including international prostate scoring system (IPSS) asked to patients presenting with LUTS and answers were recorded. TAUSs were performed by radiologists. IPP measurements were done and then full-filled bladder volume (BV) and post residual urine volume (PRUV) measurements were performed. The patients were classified as with low, medium and high obstructive symptoms according to their IPSS values. Their PSA values, peak and medium urinary flow rate (PUFR, MUFR) values were recorded. Variables were compared with non-parametric tests using SPSS 19.0. P<0.05 was considered to indicate a significant difference. Results: There was no significant correlation between patients’ age, full-filled BV and other variables. PRUV, volume of prostatic gland, PSA values and IPP measurements were strongly correlated to each other. There were significant negative correlation between PUFR and MUFR and other variables. Most significant correlation was seen between IPP and IPSS (r: 0.938, p: 0.001). Conclusions: In patients with LUTS, the IPP assessed by TAUS is a better, easy to apply, useful and more reliable predictor of bladder outlet obstruction than the other variables assessed.

Kaynakça

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Kaynak Göster

Yeni Tıp Dergisi
  • ISSN: 1300-2317
  • Yayın Aralığı: Yılda 0 Sayı
  • Başlangıç: 2018

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