Çevresel tütün dumanının önlenmesinde etkili tek strateji: %100 dumansız ortamlar

Çevresel tütün dumanı (ÇTD), sigara içen kişi tarafından ortama verilen ve sigaranın yanmakta olan ucundan çıkan dumandan oluşur. Dünya Sağlık Örgütü, dünya çocuklarının yarısının sigara dumanına maruz kaldığı bildirilmektedir. Ülkemizde gerçekleştirilmiş olan çalışmalar ise daha yüksek bir maruziyet düzeyine işaret etmektedir. ÇTD maruziyetinden etkin bir korunma sağlamanın tek yolu % 100 dumansız ortamlardır. Etkin bir ÇTD kontrolü ancak yasal düzenlemeler aracılığıyla güvence altına alınabilir. Bebekler ve çocuklar açısından en önemli maruziyet alanı evdir. Ailelerin evlerini %100 dumansız ortamlara dönüştürebilmeleri için toplumu eğitimi ve klinik müdahaleler gibi bileşenleri kapsayan toplum tabanlı çalışmalar yürütülmelidir.

The only effective strategy in environmental tobacco smoke control: 100% smoke-free environments

Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) is the combination of smoke exhaled by the smoker and smoke emitted from the burning end of a cigarette. The World Health Organization has estimated that the health of almost half of the world's children is threatened by exposure to ETS. The studies in Turkey indicates an higher level of exposure. 100% smoke-free environments is the only effective strategy to reduce exposure to tobacco smoke. An effective ETS control can be achieved only by comprehensive legislation. For infants and children, the home is often the most important site for ETS exposure. Community based programs including public education and clinical interventions are needed to support to families in providing 100% smoke-free homes.

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