Physical, Haematological and Biochemical Responses of Arabian Horses to Jereed (Javelin Swarm) Competition [1]

Bu çalışmanın amacı cirit müsabakalarının atlarda oluşturduğu fiziksel, hematolojik ve biyokimyasal değişiklikleri incelemektir. Cirit, Türklerin oynadığı geleneksel bir atlı spor müsabakasıdır. Bu çalışmada, yaşları 4-14 arasında değişen, 14 adet Arap aygırı kullanıldı. İstirahat halinde (T0), müsabakanın hemen ilk (T1) ve ikinci devrelerinin sonunda (T2) ve müsabaka tamamlandıktan 30 dak. (T3) ve 60 dak. (T4) sonra atların kalp atım ve soluk sayıları, kapillar dolum zamanı, mukoz membran rengi, deri elastikiyeti ölçüldü ve intravenöz yolla kan örnekleri toplandı. Kan örneklerinden tam kan sayımı ve biyokimyasal olarak laktat, glikoz, üre, total protein, albumin, globulin, kalsiyum, magnezyum fosfor, klor, sodium, potasyum, kreatin kinaz, laktat dehidrogenaz, aspartat aminotransferaz, alkalin fosfataz analizleri yapıldı. 5 farklı zamanda tekrarlanan ölçümleri değerlendirmek için Linear Karışık etki modeli ve post-hoc test olarakta LSD kullanıldı. Atlı cirit müsabakası atların kalp atım ve soluk sayılarında (P

Cirit Müsabakalarının Arap Atlarında Oluşturduğu Fiziksel, Hematolojik ve Biyokimyasal Değişiklikler

The aim of this study is to evaluate physical, haematological and biochemical changes in horses after acute exercise in a jereed game. Jereed is a traditional Turkish equestrian team sport. A total of 14 horses were included in this study. All horses were Arabian stallions aged between 4-14 years old. Respiration rate, heart rate, capillary refill time, mucous membrane and skin turgor (as an indicator for dehydration) were measured and blood samples were collected before the exercise (T0), immediately after first period (T1) and second period (T2), after 30 min (T3) and 60 min of recovery time (T4). Blood samples were analyzed for total cell counts and for determination of lactate, glucose, urea, total protein, albumin, globulin, calcium, magnesium, phosphorous, chloride, sodium, potassium, creatinine kinase, lactate dehydrogenase, aspartate aminotransferase and alkaline phospahatase. All parameters were analyzed using Linear Mixed effect model to evaluate changes of repeated measurements at 5 different time points and LSD was used as post-hoc test. Exercise caused significant increases in heart rate (P

Kaynakça

1. McGowan CM, Hogdson DR: Haematology and Biochemistry. In, Hodgson DR, McKeever KH, McGowan CM (Eds): The Athletic Horse. 2nd ed., 56-68, Elsevier Saunders, China, 2014.

2. Snow DH, Ricketts SW, Mason DK: Haematological response to racing and training exercise in Thoroughbred horses, with particular reference to the leucocyte response. Equine Vet J, 15, 149-154, 1983. DOI: 10.1111/ j.2042-3306.1983.tb01742.x

3. Snow DH, Ricketts SW, Douglas TA: Post-race blood biochemistry in thoroughbreds. In, Snow DH, Persson SGB, Rose RJ (Eds): Equine Exercise Physiology. Granta edn., p.389 Cambridge, UK, 1983.

4. Mukai K, Takahashi T, Eto D, Ohmura H, Tsubone H, Hıraga A: Heart rates and blood lactate response in througbred horses during a race. J Equine Sci, 18 (4):153-160, 2007. DOI: 10.1294/jes.18.153

5. Flaminio MJ, Rush BR: Fluid and electrolyte balance in endurance horses. Vet Clin North Am: Equine Pract, 14, 147-58, 1998. DOI: 10.1016/ S0749-0739(17)30217-1

6. Santos SA, Silva RA, Azevedo JR, Mello MA, Soares AC, Sibuya CY, Anaruma CA: Serum electrolyte and total protein alterations in Pantaneiro horse during long distance exercise. Arq Bras Med Vet Zootec 53 (3): 351-357, 2001. DOI: 10.1590/S0102-09352001000300013

7. Teixiera-Neto AR, Ferraz GC, Moscardini AR, Balsamao GM, Souza JC, Queiroz-Neto A: Alterations in muscular enzymes of horsescompeting long-distance endurance rides under tropical climate. Arq Bras Med Vet Zootec, 60 (3): 543-549, 2008. DOI: 10.1590/S0102-09352008000300004

8. Piccione G, Giannetto C, Fazio F, Di Mauro S, G. Caola G: Haematological Response to different workload in Jumper Horses. Bulgarian J Vet Med, 10 (4): 21-28, 2007.

9. Assenza A, Congiu F, Giannetto C, Fazio F, Piccione G: Haematological response associated with repeated show jumping competition in horse. Acta Sci Vet, 43 (1): 1305, 2015.

10. Muñoz A, Riber C, Santisteban R, Rubio MD, Agüera EI, Casteión FM: Cardiovascular and metabolic adaptations in horses competing in cross-country events. J Vet Med Sci, 69, 13-20, 1999. DOI: 10.1292/ jvms.61.13

11. Vazzana I, Rizzo M, Dara S, Niutta PP, Giudice E, Piccione G: Haematological changes following reining trials in quarter horses. Acta Sci Vet, 42, 1171, 2014.

12. Martins LP, Di Filippo PA, Meireles MAD, Peçanha RMS, Mello LM, Ribeiro LMF, Viana IS: Effect of marcha exercise on serum electrolytes and acid-base balance in Mangalarga Marchador horses. J Equ Vet Sci, 49, 108-112, 2017. DOI: 10.1016/j.jevs.2016.10.018

13. Linhares JM, Di  Filippo PA, Bogossian PM, Guerra RVBA Bustamante SRB, De Carvalho CB, Ferreira FS: Physical exercise on serum electrolytes and acid base balance in Mangalarga Marchador horses submitted to cavalcade of 4, 8 and 20 km. Ciencia Rural, 47 (5): 1-6, 2017. DOI: 10.1590/0103-8478cr20160277

14. Zobba R, Ardu M, Niccolini S, Cubeddu F, Dimauro C, Bonelli P, Dedola C, Visco S, Parpaglia MLP: Physical, hematological, and biochemical responses to acute ıntense exercise in Polo horses. J Equ Vet Sci, 31 (9): 542-548, 2011. DOI: 10.1016/j.jevs.2011.03.010

15. Noleto PG, Cubas JPC, Barbosa FC, Guimares EC, Mundim AV: Biochemical profile of Polo horses in training phase and those players of official competition. Comp Clin Pathol, 25, 911-915, 2016. DOI: 10.1007/ s00580-016-2281-6

16. Güleç E: Türk Cirit Atı. Bilgi Müşavirlik ve Mühendislik Yayınları, Ankara, Türkiye, 1998.

17. Kırmızıbayrak T, Aksoy AR, Tilki M, Saatçi M: An investigation on morphological characteristics of Turkish Native Horses in Kars region. Kafkas Univ Vet Fak Derg, 10 (1): 69-72, 2004.

18. Yılmaz O, Ertuğrul M, Boztepe S: Some morphological traits of arabian horses used for Javelin Swarm (Cirit) Game in Erzurum. Anim Sci Adv, 2 (8): 659-663, 2012.

19. Güleç E: Atlı Cirit ve Yaya Ciriti. Ankara Anadolu Irklarını Yaşatma ve Geliştirme Derneği Yayınları, Ankara, 2001.

20. Yıldırım F, Yıldız A: Cirit atları anket çalışması. Atatürk Üniv Vet Bil Derg, 8 (1): 35-41, 2013.

21. Yıldırım F, Yıldız A: Cirit atlarında vücut ölçüleri. Kafkas Univ Vet Fak Derg, 19 (4): 693-698, 2013. DOI: 10.9775/kvfd.2013.8678

22. The Merk Veterinary Manuel: Hematologic reference ranges. http:// www.merckvetmanual.com/appendixes/reference-guides/hematologic

23. Bitschinau C, Weistner T, Trachsel DS, Auer JA, Weishaupt MA: Performance parameters and post exercise heart rate recovery in warmblood sports horses of different performance levels. Equine Vet J, 42 (38): 17-22, 2010. DOI: 10.1111/j.2042-3306.2010.00260.x

24. Hargreaves BJ, Kronfeld DS, Naylor JR: Ambient temperature and relative humidity influenced packed cell volume, total plasma protein and other variables in horses during an incremental submaximal field exercise test. Equine Vet J, 31, 314, 1999. DOI: 10.1111/j.2042-3306.1999. tb03823.x

25. Madsen MF, Kanters JK, Buhl R: Heart rate recovery time in exercise testing of endurance horses. Equine Vet J, 46 (S46): 7, 2017. DOI: 10.1111/ evj.12267_19

26. Allaam M, Elseady Y, Nayel M, Elsify A, Salama A, Hassan H, Hassan M, Kamar A: Physiological and hemato-chemical evaluation of thoroughbred race horse after exercise. IJAVMS, 8 (3): 81-93, 2014.

27. The Merk Veterinary Manuel: Serum biochemical reference ranges. http://www.merckvetmanual.com/appendixes/reference-guides/serumbiochemical-reference-ranges. Accessed: 27.10.2017.

28. Alis R, Romagnoli M, Primo-Carrau C, Pareja-Galeano H, Blesa JR, Sanchis-Gomar F: Effect of exhaustive running exercise on red blood cell distribution width. Clin Chem Lab Med, 53 (2): 1-3, 2015. DOI: 10.1515/ cclm-2014-0749

29. Carlson GP: Haematology and body fluids in the equine athlete: A review. In, Gillespie JR, Robinson N (Eds): Equine Exercise Physiology. p.393 ICEEP Publications, CA, USA, 1987.

30. Rose RJ, Allen JR: Hematologic responses to exercise and training, Vet Clin North Am: Equine Prac, 1 (3): 461-476, 1985. DOI: 10.1016/S0749- 0739(17)30745-9

31. Revington M: Haematology of the racing thoroughbred in Australia: I. Reference values and the effect of excitement. II. Haematological values compared to performance, Equine Vet J, 15, 141, 1983. DOI: 10.1111/ j.2042-3306.1983.tb01738.x

32. Rose RJ, Allen JR, Hodgson DR, Stewart JH,  Chan W: Responses to submaximal treadmill exercise and training in the horse: Changes in haematology, arterial blood gas and acid base measurements, plasma biochemical values and heart rate. Vet Rec, 113, 612-618, 1983. DOI: 10.1016/S0737-0806(85)80090-3

33. Demirtaş B, Yaramış ÇP, Atmaca M: Exercise-induced physiological fatiguein horses: Review. Turkiye Klinikleri J Vet Sci, 6 (2): 60-66, 2015. DOI: 10.5336/vetsci.2016-51263

34. Di Flipo PA, Gomide LMW, Orozco CAG, Silva MAG,   Martins, CB, Lacerda Neto JC, Santana ÁE: Changes in electrolytes and blood gasesin Arabian horses during 60 km endurance race. Ciência Animal Brasileira, 10 (3): 840-846, 2009.

35. Özaydın İ: Sıvı, elektrolit ve asit-baz dengesi bozuklukları. In, Özaydın İ (Ed): Vetereriner Acil Klinik: İlk Yardım, Transport, İlk Müdahale. 35-66, Eser Ofset Matbaacılık, Erzurum, Turkey, 2004.

36. Ferraz GC, Soares OAB, Fos NSB, Perira MC, Queiroz-Neto A: The workload and plasma ion concentration in a training match session of high-goal (elite) polo ponies. Equine Vet J, 42 (38): 191-195, 2010. DOI: 10.1111/j.2042-3306.2010.00278.x

37. Martins LP, Di Filipo PA, Meriles MAD, Peçanha RMS, Mello LM, Riberio LMF, Viana IS: Effect of marcha exercise on serum electrolytes and acid base balance in Mangalarga Marchador horses. J Equ Vet Sci, 49, 108-112, 2017. DOI: 10.1016/j.jevs.2016.10.018

38. Martins EAN: Serum concentrations of urea, creatinine, sodium, potassium and calcium of the Pantaneiro and Arabian equines submitted to prolonged low intensity exercise in Mato Grosso State (cavalcade) - Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Ciências Veterinárias, 11 (1/2): 32- 36, 2004

Kaynak Göster

  • ISSN: 1300-6045
  • Yayın Aralığı: Yılda 6 Sayı
  • Başlangıç: 1995

2.4b 1.9b

Sayıdaki Diğer Makaleler

Anesthetic Efficiency of 2-Phenoxyethanol on Broodstock of Salmo munzuricus, a New Trout Species Originating from Munzur Stream

ERKAN CAN, Bilal KARATAŞ, ASİYE BAŞUSTA

Immunogenicity of Recombinant Adenovirus Co-expressing the L7/L12 and BCSP31 Proteins of Brucella abortus

Zhong-Ren MA, Jun-Lin LIU, Kui-Zheng CAI, Yi-Zhong LIU, Guo-Zhen LIN

Physical, Haematological and Biochemical Responses of Arabian Horses to Jereed (Javelin Swarm) Competition [1]

BERJAN DEMİRTAŞ

Concomitant Mammary Tuberculosis and Malignant Mixed Tumor in a Dog

OSMAN KUTSAL, HAMİT KAAN MÜŞTAK, İnci Başak KAYA, GÖZDE YÜCEL TENEKECİ, Tuncer KUTLU

Growth Performance, Mucin2 Gene Expression, Morphology of Small Intestine and Intestinal Lactobacillus Population of Broiler Chicks Fed with Triticale-Based Diets: Effects of Dietary Physical Form and Dietary Inclusion of Enzyme and Probiotic

Ali Asghar SADEGHI, Seyed Abdollah HOSSEINI, Seyed Naser MOUSAVI, Mohammad CHAMANI, Seyed Majid HOSSEINI

İki Kedide Karşılaşılan Subakut Lobüller Kalsifiye Pannikülitisin Patomorfolojik ve İmmunohistokimyasal Bulguları

Günay ALÇIGIR, Tuncer KUTLU, MEHMET ERAY ALÇIĞIR

In-vitro Evaluation of the Fermentation Characters of Maize Stover and Rice Straw with Different Level from Bacillus coagulans

Liang CHEN, Hongdong JIE, Ao REN, Chuanshe ZHOU, Zhiliang TAN, Bin LI, Mohamed E. ABD EL-HACK, Mervat ABDEL-LATIF, Dalia H. SAMAK

Influence of Feeding Moringa oleifera Pods as Phytogenic Feed Additive on Performance, Blood Metabolites, Chemical Composition and Bioactive Compounds of Breast Meat in Broiler

Babar RASHEED, Mian Muhammad AWAIS, Sheraz Ahmed BHATTI, Sohail AHMAD, Khalid HUSSAIN, Anjum KHALIQUE, Talat Naseer PASHA, Shahid MEHMOOD, Shakeel AHMAD

Brucella melitensis Isolated from Aborted Cow and Sheep Fetuses in Northwest of China

Hui ZHANG, Junbo ZHANG, Jinliang SHENG, Yuanzhi WANG, Chuangfu CHEN, Qian WANG, Yang LIU, Benben WANG, Shengnan SONG, Yali JİA, Wenxing WU, Fei GUO, Huan ZHANG

Molecular Detection of Selected Genetic Polymorphisms in Growth Hormone and Insulin Like Growth Factor 1 Genes in Indigenous Sudanese Baggara Cattle

Romaz Mohammed Ahmed OMER