URBAN SYSTEM AND DEVELOPMENT IN CONTEMPORARY IRAN

In Iran, despite the emergence of national and international commercial forces in the second half of the nineteenth century, they were not able to play their historical role in the sense that they couldn't transform the agricultural society into an industrial capitalism due to both external and internal obstacles. In the second half of the nineteenth century, after all-encompassing influence of the west (Russia and the United Kingdom) in Iran that put Iran a semi-colonial condition, there appeared new areas for growth and comprehensive development. Within this historical context, the new commercial forces of Iran emerged. Iranian businessmen following their western counterparts ignored the local trade and turned to business in national and international spheres. Nevertheless, this socio-economic force couldn't play its historical role. In other words, it couldn't transform Iran into a new socially, economically and politically developed country. So, due to domestic despotism and foreign colonialism, Iran couldn’t move towards capitalism and democracy. 

URBAN SYSTEM AND DEVELOPMENT IN CONTEMPORARY IRAN

In Iran, despite the emergence of national and international commercial forces in the second half of the nineteenth century, they were not able to play their historical role in the sense that they couldn't transform the agricultural society into an industrial capitalism due to both external and internal obstacles. In the second half of the nineteenth century, after all-encompassing influence of the west (Russia and the United Kingdom) in Iran that put Iran a semi-colonial condition, there appeared new areas for growth and comprehensive development. Within this historical context, the new commercial forces of Iran emerged. Iranian businessmen following their western counterparts ignored the local trade and turned to business in national and international spheres. Nevertheless, this socio-economic force couldn't play its historical role. In other words, it couldn't transform Iran into a new socially, economically and politically developed country. So, due to domestic despotism and foreign colonialism, Iran couldn’t move towards capitalism and democracy. 

Kaynakça

SOURCES -Helfgott, L. M., "Tribalism as a Socioeconomic Formation in Iranian History" Iranian Studies, Vol. X. 1977 (Nos 1-2, Winter-spring 1977). -Issawi, C., (1991), the Economic History of Iran, 1800-1914, University of Chicago Press, Chicago. -Kuznetsova, N.A., "Urban Industry in Persia during the 18th. And early 19th. Centuries" in Central Asiatic Review, VoL. XI, No.3. 1963, pp. 308-21. -Loeffler, Reinhold; "Tribal order and the State: The Political Organization of Boir Ahmad",Iranian Studies, Vol. XI (1978) -Picot, H., "Biographical Notices of Members of the Royal Family, Noables, Merchants, and Clergy" F.O. 881/7028, 1897(London: Foreign Office, December) -Reid, J., "The Qajar Uymaq in the Safavid Period, 1500-1722",Iran studies,Vol. XI, 1978. -Smith Jr. John M., "Turanian Nomadism and Iranian Politics",Iranian Studies. Vol. XI, 1978. PERSIAN SOURCES Ashraf, A., (1980), Mavanee Roşde Sermayedari der İran, (1. Baskı), Zemine, Tahran. Ashraf, A., “VijegihayeTarikhiyeŞehrneşini Der İran: Doreye Kacar”, Nameye Ulume Ejtemaeei, Yaz 1975, (4). Etemad-ol Saltaneh, M. H.,(1969). Habnameh, Tehuri, Tahran. Etemad-ol Saltaneh, M. H., (1966).Hatirate Etemad- olSataneh, Mokademe ve Feharesaz İrac Avşar, Amir Kebir, Tahran. Etemad-ol Saltaneh, M. H., (1927). El- Moser ve-l Asar, (3. Baskı), Cape Sangi, Tahran. Seyyah, H.S., (1967), HatirateHacSeyyah, be Koşeşe Hamid Seyyah, Bi Na (YayınEviBelirsiz), Tahran. Shamim, A.A., (1934), İran der DoreyeSaltaneteKacar, Elmi, Tahran. Fesaeei, H.T., (1934), FarsnameyeNaseri, (2. Cilit), Bi Na,Eşraki, Tahran.

Kaynak Göster

APA SHAFIEE, M . (2017). URBAN SYSTEM AND DEVELOPMENT IN CONTEMPORARY IRAN. İnönü University International Journal of Social Sciences (INIJOSS) , 6 (1) , 23-27 .