Response of Cape Gooseberry (Physalis peruviana L.) Plant at Early Growth Stage to Mutual Effects of Boron and Potassium

Bor (B) ve potasyumun (K) arasındaki etkileşim hakkındaki bilgilerimiz sınırlıdır ve bu karmaşık etkileşiminin doğası hala açıkça bilinmemektedir. Bu çalışmanın amacı, altınçilek (Physalis peruviana L.) bitkisinin gelişimi, membran geçirgenliği ve mineral beslenmesi üzerine B ve K'un karşılıklı etkilerini doğal ışık altında ve sera koşullarında araştırmaktır. Bu amaçla toprağa, dört düzeyde bor (0, 5, 10 ve 20 mg kg-1) ve üç düzeyde potasyum (0, 200 ve 400 mg kg-1) uygulanmıştır. Ancak, toprağa K uygulansın ya da uygulanmasın en yüksek B düzeyinde bitkiler birkaç gün içinde ölmüştür. Uygulanan K bitki gelişimi üzerine olumlu etki göstermiş ve B toksisitesinin neden olduğu gövde kuru ağırlık azalması K uygulaması tarafından kısmen hafifletilmiştir. B ve K uygulamaları altın çileğin gövdesindeki B ve K içeriği yanında B alımını da önemli miktarda artırmıştır. Bununla birlikte, toprakta aşırı B'a karşı K'un önleyici etkisinin kökten daha çok bitki gövdesinde olduğu görülmüştür. Potasyum uygulanmadığında, altın çileğin gövdesindeki K, fosfor (P,) demir (Fe), sodyum (Na) ve B içerikleri uygulanan B ile artmış, kalsiyum (Ca) ve magnezyum (Mg) içerikleri ise azalmıştır. Bor uygulanmadığında, P, Ca ve Mg içerikleri uygulanan K ile azalmış ancak Na içeriği ise artmıştır. Altınçilek bitkisinin gelişiminde meydan gelen azalma B toksisitesinin neden olduğu akümülasyon etkisinden olabileceği ve ayrıca bitkinin B ve K absorbsiyonu ile ilgili olarak ise sinerjistik bir ilişkinin olabileceği sonucuna varılmıştır.

Bor ve Potasyumun Karşılıklı Etkilerine Altınçilek (Physalis Peruviana L.) Bitkisinin Erken Gelişme Dönemindeki Tepkisi

As regards the interaction between boron (B) and potassium (K), there is a limited knowledge, and the nature of this complex interaction is still clearly unknown. The main objective of the present study was to assess the mutual effects of B and K on plant growth, membrane permeability and mineral nutrition of Cape gooseberry (Physalis peruviana L.) in greenhouse natural light conditions. For this purpose, four levels of B (0, 5, 10, and 20 mg kg-1) and three levels of K (0, 200, and 400 mg kg-1) were treated to soil. However, whether K supply to the soil or not, plants withered within a few days at the highest B level caused by B toxicity. Supplied K to the soil had a significant positive effect on plant growth, indicating that K addition partially alleviated the reduction of shoot dry weight caused by B toxicity. Moreover, inhibitory effect of K on excess B appeared in shoot more than in roots. B and K applications increased significantly B and K contents in shoot of Cape gooseberry plants as well as B uptake. Also, the contents of K, phosphorus (P), iron (Fe), sodium (Na), and B in shoot of Cape gooseberry increased with supplied B in the absence of K, but calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) contents decreased. The contents of P, Ca, and Mg decreased with supplied K in the absence of B, but Na content enhanced. It was concluded that there might be an accumulative effect due to plant growth reduction caused by B toxicity in Cape gooseberry plant and also synergism related to plant absorption of B and K.

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