Amerika Birleşik Devletleri (ABD) 19. yüzyılın ilk çeyreğinde Avrupa’nın sanayileşmiş ülkeleri ile kıyaslandığında önemli sayılabilecek bir ekonomik etkinliğe sahip değildi. Ancak yaklaşık elli sene içerisinde sergilediği ekonomik performans ile İngiltere ile birlikte dünyanın en büyük imalatçısı konumuna yükseldi. Kimi tarihçilerin 2. Sanayi Devrimi olarak adlandırdiği bu ekonomik büyüme öyküsü geniş bir literatür meydana getirmiştir. Makale, farklı disiplin ve bakış açıları ile farklılaşan bu literatürü Amerikan iktisadi büyümesinin nedenlerine ilişkin makro, mikro ve sosyo-kültürel yaklaşımlar olarak üç ana başlıkta değerlendirmektedir.
In the first quarter of the 19th century, The United States of America (USA) did not exhibit a significant economic activity, compared with industrialized countries in Europe. Yet, after nearly fifty years, she became most developed manufactu ring country of the world with United Kingdom. This economic growth story, which some historians call Second Industrial Revolution, have created a wide range of literature. This paper evaluates the literature on American economic growth in three main titles: Macro, micro, and socio-cultural approaches.
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