Bu araştırmanın amacı, zihinsel yetersizliği olan bireylere otel kat hizmetleri becerilerinin öğretiminde videoyla
model olma uygulamasının etkililiğini ve bu bireylerin video aracılığı ile sunulan hedeflenmeyen bilgi kazanım
düzeylerini belirlemektir. Ayrıca çalışmada deneklerin öğretmenlerinin ve hedef becerileri içeren meslek dalında
görevli personelin çalışma hakkındaki görüşleri de değerlendirilmiştir. Araştırma tek denekli araştırma
yöntemlerinden davranışlar arası yoklama evreli çoklu yoklama modeli ile gerçekleştirilmiştir. Araştırmaya iş
okuluna devam eden hafif düzeyde zihinsel yetersizliği olan 4 yetişkin öğrenci katılmıştır. Araştırmanın başlama,
yoklama, öğretim, izleme ve genelleme oturumları bir meslek lisesine ait uygulama otelinde gerçekleştirilmiştir.
Araştırmanın bulguları, videoyla model olma uygulamasının zihinsel yetersizliği olan bireylere otel kat hizmetleri
becerilerinin ediniminde, kalıcılığının sağlanmasında ve edinilen becerilerin farklı ortam ve araç-gereçlere
genellenmesinde etkili olduğunu göstermiştir. Video aracılığı ile sunulan hedeflenmeyen bilgi kazanım düzeyine
ilişkin bulgular ise, araştırmaya katılan deneklerin hedeflenmeyen bilgi kazanımını ortalama %81 (ranj= %33-
%100) doğruluk düzeyinde gerçekleştirdiklerini göstermektedir.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of video modelling in teaching hotel house-keeping skills
to adults with intellectual disabilities and to assess the acquisition of video-based non-target information. A
multiple probe across behaviours design was used. 4 adults with intellectual disabilities participated in the study.
Baseline, probe, intervention, maintenance and generalization sessions were conducted. Results indicated that
video modelling was effective in teaching hotel house-keeping skills to adults with intellectual disabilities.
Moreover, the acquired hotel house-keeping skills were maintained over time and generalized across settings and
materials. The assessment of video based non-target skills data showed that participants acquired the non-target
information with the range from 33% to 100%. In conclusion video modelling can be used effectively in teaching
vocational skills to adults with intellectual disabilities.
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