Travma ve bağımlılık sendromlarI

Alkol kullanım bozukluklarının tarihi, insanlık tarihi kadar eskidir. Alkol kullanımı belirgin zararlara yol açabilmesine karşın, birçok insanın bu kadar olumsuz tıbbi, psikolojik ve sosyal sonuçları olan bu maddeyi neden yüksek miktarda kullandıkları sorulması gereken temel sorudur. Tarihte var olduğundan bu yana alkol ve alkol dışı madde kullanımına bağlı problemler devamlı gündemde olmuştur. Bu problemler içinde en önemlilerinden birisi de travmadır. Alkol veya madde kullanım bozukluğu olanların, olmayanlara göre travmaya maruz kalma olasılıkları daha yüksektir. Kişi, bağımlı olduğu maddeye ulaşabilmek için sürekli tehlikeli durumlara girer, risk alır ve sonuç olarak pek çok fiziksel ve psikolojik travmaya maruz kalır. Alkol/madde kullanımı ve yüksek riskler taşıyan yaşam tarzları, bu kişilerin gelecekte tekrar tekrar travmaya uğramaları için zemin oluşturmaktadır. Yeni travmalar ve gelişen travma sonrası stres bozukluğu (TSSB) ise alkol ve madde kullanımının daha da artmasına neden olmaktadır.

Trauma and dependency syndromes

The history of alcohol dependence is as old as the human history. The main question to ask is why people use alcohol so much while its medical, psychological and social damages are well known. The problems related to alcohol and substance usage are always taken into consideration in the history. One of the most important problems among these is trauma. The probability of being exposed to trauma is bigger for the people who have alcohol or substance dependence. People in order to get the substance which they depend always enter into dangerous positions, take risks, and consequently are exposed to different physical and psychological trauma. The alcohol dependence and high risk lifestyles provide basis to be exposed to trauma again and again. Consequently, new traumas and related posttraumatic stress disorders (PTSD) cause increase in alcohol and substance usage.

Kaynakça

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Kaynak Göster

Yeni Tıp Dergisi
  • ISSN: 1300-2317
  • Yayın Aralığı: Yılda 0 Sayı
  • Başlangıç: 2018

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