Genesis of sedimentary- and vein-type magnesite deposits at Kop Mountain, NE Turkey

Sedimentary- and vein-type magnesites were deposited within and on ultramafic rocks of the Kop Mountain region in Bayburt province. In the field, magnesites are exposed along NE-SW trending normal faults and in fractures in the ultramafic rocks. Petrographic studies reveal that magnesite is predominantly micrite, but also occurs as microsparite formed by recrystallization of micrite. The ultramafic rocks hosting the magnesites consist of serpentinized olivine, hypersthene and diopside. Ni, Co and Ti contents of magnesites suggest precipitation from percolating water through the serpentinized ultramafic rocks. The sedimentary- and vein-type magnesites have different d18O and d13C values, characterizing formation under different conditions. Temperature estimates using the average d18O values reveal precipitation from water at ~24.5°C for sedimentary magnesite and ~37.0°C for vein-type magnesite. The d13C values of vein-type magnesites are distinctly more negative than those of sedimentary magnesites, indicating carbon isotopes derived from predominantly decarboxylation of organic sediments in shales and carbonate dissolution. Less negative d13C values in the sedimentary magnesite are mainly due to outgassing of mineralizing water. Our data suggest a petrogenetic model in which the surface water percolates through the ultramafic and sedimentary rocks becoming heated by volcanics at depth and enriched in Mg+2 and light carbon isotopes, followed by migration upward to form magnesite near the surface in ultramafic rocks as fracture-fill and as sediment at the surface.

Genesis of sedimentary- and vein-type magnesite deposits at Kop Mountain, NE Turkey

Sedimentary- and vein-type magnesites were deposited within and on ultramafic rocks of the Kop Mountain region in Bayburt province. In the field, magnesites are exposed along NE-SW trending normal faults and in fractures in the ultramafic rocks. Petrographic studies reveal that magnesite is predominantly micrite, but also occurs as microsparite formed by recrystallization of micrite. The ultramafic rocks hosting the magnesites consist of serpentinized olivine, hypersthene and diopside. Ni, Co and Ti contents of magnesites suggest precipitation from percolating water through the serpentinized ultramafic rocks. The sedimentary- and vein-type magnesites have different d18O and d13C values, characterizing formation under different conditions. Temperature estimates using the average d18O values reveal precipitation from water at ~24.5°C for sedimentary magnesite and ~37.0°C for vein-type magnesite. The d13C values of vein-type magnesites are distinctly more negative than those of sedimentary magnesites, indicating carbon isotopes derived from predominantly decarboxylation of organic sediments in shales and carbonate dissolution. Less negative d13C values in the sedimentary magnesite are mainly due to outgassing of mineralizing water. Our data suggest a petrogenetic model in which the surface water percolates through the ultramafic and sedimentary rocks becoming heated by volcanics at depth and enriched in Mg+2 and light carbon isotopes, followed by migration upward to form magnesite near the surface in ultramafic rocks as fracture-fill and as sediment at the surface.

Kaynakça

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Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @ { tbtkearth143520, journal = {Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences}, issn = {1300-0985}, eissn = {1303-619X}, address = {}, publisher = {TÜBİTAK}, year = {2013}, volume = {22}, pages = {98 - 114}, doi = {10.3906/tar-1204-42}, title = {Genesis of sedimentary- and vein-type magnesite deposits at Kop Mountain, NE Turkey}, key = {cite}, author = {Kadir, Selahattin and Kolaylı, Hasan and Eren, Muhsin} }
APA Kadir, S , Kolaylı, H , Eren, M . (2013). Genesis of sedimentary- and vein-type magnesite deposits at Kop Mountain, NE Turkey . Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences , 22 (1) , 98-114 . DOI: 10.3906/tar-1204-42
MLA Kadir, S , Kolaylı, H , Eren, M . "Genesis of sedimentary- and vein-type magnesite deposits at Kop Mountain, NE Turkey" . Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences 22 (2013 ): 98-114 <
Chicago Kadir, S , Kolaylı, H , Eren, M . "Genesis of sedimentary- and vein-type magnesite deposits at Kop Mountain, NE Turkey". Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences 22 (2013 ): 98-114
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Genesis of sedimentary- and vein-type magnesite deposits at Kop Mountain, NE Turkey AU - Selahattin Kadir , Hasan Kolaylı , Muhsin Eren Y1 - 2013 PY - 2013 N1 - doi: 10.3906/tar-1204-42 DO - 10.3906/tar-1204-42 T2 - Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 98 EP - 114 VL - 22 IS - 1 SN - 1300-0985-1303-619X M3 - doi: 10.3906/tar-1204-42 UR - Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences Genesis of sedimentary- and vein-type magnesite deposits at Kop Mountain, NE Turkey %A Selahattin Kadir , Hasan Kolaylı , Muhsin Eren %T Genesis of sedimentary- and vein-type magnesite deposits at Kop Mountain, NE Turkey %D 2013 %J Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences %P 1300-0985-1303-619X %V 22 %N 1 %R doi: 10.3906/tar-1204-42 %U 10.3906/tar-1204-42
ISNAD Kadir, Selahattin , Kolaylı, Hasan , Eren, Muhsin . "Genesis of sedimentary- and vein-type magnesite deposits at Kop Mountain, NE Turkey". Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences 22 / 1 (Ocak 2013): 98-114 .
AMA Kadir S , Kolaylı H , Eren M . Genesis of sedimentary- and vein-type magnesite deposits at Kop Mountain, NE Turkey. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences. 2013; 22(1): 98-114.
Vancouver Kadir S , Kolaylı H , Eren M . Genesis of sedimentary- and vein-type magnesite deposits at Kop Mountain, NE Turkey. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences. 2013; 22(1): 98-114.
IEEE S. Kadir , H. Kolaylı ve M. Eren , "Genesis of sedimentary- and vein-type magnesite deposits at Kop Mountain, NE Turkey", Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, c. 22, sayı. 1, ss. 98-114, Oca. 2013, doi:10.3906/tar-1204-42