Spor dallarına göre beslenme

Sporcu beslenmesinde amaç; sporcunun yaşına, cinsiyetine, fiziksel aktivitesine, beslenme alışkanlıklarına ve enerji harcamasına göre yeterli ve dengeli bir şekilde beslenmesini sağlamaktır. Çoğu sporcu için ise, genel beslenme kurallarının dışında, yapılan spor branşına özgü beslenme hakkında bilgi sahibi olmak büyük önem taşımaktadır. Sporcular için önem taşıyan ve yıllardır birbirinden çok farklı beslenme uygulamaları olduğu varsayılan spor dalları için farklı olan yönler nelerdir? Ya da farklılıkların yanı sıra bütün spor dalları için değişmez kabul edilen genel beslenme kuralları hangileridir? Makalede bu sorulara cevap verilmeye çalışılmıştır. Konunun daha iyi anlaşılabilmesi için, enerji sistemleri ve enerji kaynaklarının kullanımı açısından birbirine benzeyen spor dalları üç başlık altında (dayanıklılık, kuvvet/güç, takım) toplanmış, enerji, makro ve mikro besin öğesi, sıvı gereksinmeleri özetlenmiştir.

Nutrition according to sports branch

The point of athletes nutrition is to provide adequate and balanced nutrition for athletes according to their age, sex, physical activity and energy expenditure. For most athletes, it is very important to have knowledge about sport-specific nutrition apart from general nutrition rules. What are the differences for the sport branches that are very important for athletes and supposed to have very different nutrition practices for years? Or, besides the differences, what were the general nutrition rules that were accepted as unchangeable for all sports branches? It has been tried to give answers to all these questions in this study. For a better understanding of the subject, similar sports branches, in terms of energy systems and energy sources sports branches were collected under three headings (endurance, strenght/power, team) and energy, macro and micro nutrient, fluid requirements were summarized.

Kaynakça

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Kaynak Göster