Türkiye'de Bölgesel İşsizlik: Mekansal Panel Veri Analizi

İşsizlik oranlarındaki büyük bölgesel farklılıklar, özellikle ülke içinde uzun süredir devam eden bölgesel gelişme farklarının kaynaklanmaktadır. Bu bağlamda, Türkiye iki büyük bölgesel ekonomik sorunla mücadele etmektedir; kendi içinde başlı başına büyük bir sorun olan bölgesel gelişmişlik farklılıkları ve bölgeler arasındaki işsizlik oranı farklılıkları. Türkiye'deki bölgesel gelişmişlik farklılıkları ve bölgesel işsizlik farklılıklar oldukça geniş boyutlu ve yıllardır devam eden bir sorundur. Bu çalışmada, mekansal panel veri tekniği kullanılarak, 2008-2012 dönemi için Türkiye'deki bölgesel işsizlik farklılıklarını belirleyen faktörler ve bununla birlikte bölgeler arasındaki mekansal etkileşimin varlığı incelenmiştir. Analiz sonuçlarına göre, erkeklerin işgücüne katılma oranı, genç nüfusun payı, istihdamda tarım sektörünün payı ve eğitim düzeyi ile bölgesel işsizlik oranı arasında anlamlı bir ilişki bulunmuştur. Bunla birlikte, işsizlik oranlarının bölgelerarası dağılımında pozitif bir mekansal ilişki bulunmuştur.

Regional Unemployment in Turkey: A Spatial Panel Data Analysis

In particular, the prevalence of large regional disparities in unemployment rates stems from longstanding regional development disparities within a country. Turkey struggles against two major regional economic problems: regional development disparities, which is a major issue, and regional inequalities in unemployment. In Turkey, regional development differences and regional disparities in unemployment rates are fairly large and persistent. By using a spatial panel data technique, this paper analyzes the determinants of Turkish regional unemployment disparities for the period from 2008 to 2012 and whether the spatial interaction exists among Turkish regions. The findings show that a significant relationship is found among the regional unemployment rate and male labor force participation rate, the share of young population, and the share of agriculture in employment and educational attainment. In addition, a positive spatial correlation is found among the regional distribution of unemployment rates.

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Kaynak Göster