The mediating role of emotional intelligence and marital adjustment in the relationship between mindfulness in marriage and subjective well-being

This study examined the mediating role of emotional intelligence and marital adjustment in the relationship between mindfulness and subjective well-being; interpersonal mindfulness in marriage and subjective well-being. 550 married individuals (370 female and 180 male) participated in this research. “Mindfulness Attention Awareness Scale”, “Mindfulness in Marriage Scale”, “Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire-Short Form”, Marital Adjustment Test”, “Positive and Negative Affect Scale”, “Life Satisfaction Scale” and “Personal Information Form” were used in this research. Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient and path analyses, which is one of the structural equation model technics, were used for data analyses. Correlation analysis results showed that there was positively correlation between mindfulness, interpersonal mindfulness in marriage, emotional intelligence, marital adjustment and subjective well-being. Path analysis result showed that emotional intelligence fully mediated the relationship between mindfulness and subjective well–being. Besides, emotional intelligence and marital adjustment partially mediated the relationship between mindfulness in marriage and subjective well–being and model explained 51.00 % of total variance of subjective well-being. The results of the research were discussed in the light of literature and suggestions were presented.

Evlilikte bilinçli farkındalık ile öznel iyi oluş arasındaki ilişkide duygusal zekâ ve evlilik uyumunun aracılık rolü

Bu araştırmada, evli bireylerin bilinçli farkındalıkları ve evlilikte kişilerarası bilinçli farkındalıkları ile öznel iyi oluşları arasındaki ilişkide, evlilik uyumu ve duygusal zekânın aracılık rolü incelenmiştir. Araştırmaya, 550 evli birey (370 kadın ve 180 erkek) katılmıştır. Araştırmada, “Bilinçli Farkındalık Ölçeği”, “Evlilikte Bilinçli Farkındalık Ölçeği”, “Duygusal Zekâ Özelliği Ölçeği-Kısa Formu”, “Evlilikte Uyum Ölçeği”, “Pozitif ve Negatif Duygu Ölçeği”, “Yaşam Doyumu Ölçeği” ve “Kişisel Bilgi Formu” kullanılmıştır. Verilerin analizinde, Pearson moment korelasyon analizi ve yapısal eşitlik modeli tekniği olan yol analizi kullanılmıştır. Korelasyon analizi sonucunda bilinçli farkındalık, evlilikte kişilerarası bilinçli farkındalık, duygusal zekâ, evlilik uyumu ve öznel iyi oluş arasında pozitif yönde anlamlı ilişki olduğu görülmüştür. Yol analizi sonucunda bilinçli farkındalık ile öznel iyi oluş arasında duygusal zekânın tam aracı etkisi olduğu ayrıca evlilikte kişilerarası bilinçli farkındalık ile öznel iyi oluş arasında duygusal zekânın ve evlilik uyumunun kısmi aracı etkisi olduğu ve modelin öznel iyi oluş toplam varyansının %51.00’ini açıkladığı bulunmuştur. Araştırmanın bulguları, alanyazın ve araştırmalar ışığında tartışılmış, öneriler sunulmuştur.

Kaynakça

Ateş, G., (2018). Associated factors of subjective well-being in married individuals: Online infidelity tendency, gender roles, and marital satisfaction. Unpublished doctorate dissertation, Middle East Technical University, Ankara.

Bachman, L. F. (2004). Statistical analyses for language assessment. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Baer, R. A. (2003). Mindfulness training as a clinical intervention: A conceptual and empirical review. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 10(2), 125-143.

Baer, R. A., Smith, G. T., Hopkins, J., Krietemeyer, J., & Toney, L. (2006). Using self-report assessment methods to explore facets of mindfulness. Assessment, 13(1), 27-45.

Bao, X., Xue, S., & Kong, F. (2015). Dispositional mindfulness and perceived stress: The role of emotional intelligence. Personality and Individual Differences, 78, 48-52.

Barnes, S., Brown, K. W., Krusemark, E., Campbell, W. K., & Rogge, R. D. (2007). The role of mindfulness in romantic relationship satisfaction and responses to relationship stress. Journal of Marital & Family Therapy, 33(4), 482-500.

Bar-On, R. (1997). The Emotional Quotient Inventory (EQ-i): Technical manual. Toronto, Canada: Multi- Health Systems, Inc.

Bar-On, R. (2006). The Bar-On model of emotional-social intelligence (ESI). Psicothema, 18, 13-25.

Baron, R. M., & Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator–mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51(6), 1173-1182.

Bayer, Ö. (2017). Evlilik doyumu ve çok boyutlu algılanan sosyal desteğin öznel iyi oluş üzerindeki yordayıcı rolünün incelenmesi. Unpublished master thesis, Uludağ Üniversitesi Eğitim Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Bursa.

Bettencourt, B. A., & Sheldon, K. (2001). Social roles as mechanism for psychological need satisfaction within social groups. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81(6), 1131-1143.

Bögels, S. M., Lehtonen, A., & Restifo, K. (2010). Mindful parenting in mental health care. Mindfulness, 1(2), 107-120.

Bracke, P. (2001). Measuring the subjective well-being of people in a psychosocial rehabilitation centre and a residential psychiatric setting: The outline of the study and the measurement properties of a multidimensional indicator of well-being. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 24(3), 222-236.

Brown, K. W., & Ryan, R. M. (2003). The benefits of being present: Mindfulness and its role in psychological well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84(4), 822-848.

Burpee, L. C., & Langer, E. J. (2005). Mindfulness and marital satisfaction. Journal of Adult Development, 12, 43-51.

Buss, D. M. (2000). The evolution of happiness. American Psychologist, 55(1), 15-23.

Canbulat, N., & Cihangir Çankaya, Z. (2014). Evli bireylerin öznel iyi olma düzeylerinin yordanması. Ege Eğitim Dergis, 15(2), 556-576.

Carr, A. (2016). Positive psychology the science of happiness and human strenghts (Ü. Şendilek, trans.). İstanbul: Kaknüs Publishing.

Carson, J. W., Carson, K. M., Gil, K. M., & Baucom, D. H. (2004). Mindfulness-based relationship enhancement. Behaviour Therapy, 35, 471–494.

Cenkseven, F. (2004). Üniversite öğrencilerinde öznel ve psikolojik iyi olmanın yordayıcılarının incelenmesi Unpublished doctorate thesis, Çukurova Üniversitesi, Adana.

Cenkseven Önder, F., & Utkan, Ç. (2018). Bilinçli farkındalık ve algılanan stres ilişkisinde ruminasyon ve olumsuz duygu düzenlemenin aracı rolü. Mersin Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 14(3), 1004- 1019.

Chu, L. (2010). The benefits of meditation vis-a-vis emotional intelligence, perceived stress and negative mental health. Stress & Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress, 26(2), 169-180.

Coatsworth, J., Duncan, L., Greenberg, M., & Nix, R. (2010). Changing parent’s mindfulness, child management skills and relationship quality with their youth: Results from a randomized pilot intervention trial. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 19(2), 203-217.

Collard, P., Avny, N., & Boniwell, I. (2008). Teaching mindfulness based cognitive therapy (MBCT) to students: The effects of MBCT on the levels of mindfulness and subjective well-being. Counselling Psychology Quarterly, 21(4), 323–336.

Çelen Demirtaş, S. (2010). The role of gender, relationship status, romantic relationship satisfaction, and commitment to career choices in the components of subjective well-being among senior university students (Unpublished master thesis). Middle East Technical University, Ankara.

Çelik, Ş. (2008). The investigation of the subjective well-being of the high school students in terms of emotional intelligence (Unpublished master thesis). Selçuk University, Konya.

Dağlı, A., & Baysal. N. (2016). Adaptation of the satisfaction with life scale into Turkish: The study of validity and reliability. Electronic Journal of Social Sciences, 15(59), 1250-1262.

de Bruin, E. I., Zijlstra, B. J., Geurtzen, N., van Zundert, R. M., van de Weijer-Bergsma, E., Hartman, E. E., ... & Bögels, S. M. (2014). Mindful parenting assessed further: Psychometric properties of the Dutch version of the Interpersonal Mindfulness in Parenting Scale (IM-P). Mindfulness, 5(2), 200-212.

Deniz, B. (2017) Evli bireylerin kişilik özelliklerine göre bilinçli farkındalık düzeylerinin ve evlilik doyumlarının incelenmesi. Unpublished master’s thesis, Üsküdar Üniversitesi, Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü İstanbul.

Deniz M. E., Erus S. M., & Büyükcebeci A., (2017). Bilinçli Farkındalık ile psikolojik iyi oluş ilişkisinde duygusal zekanın aracılık rolü. Türk Psikolojik Danışma ve Rehberlik Dergisi, 7(47), 17-31.

Deniz, M. E., Özer, E., & Işık, E. (2013). Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire–Short Form: Validity and reliability studies. Education and Science, 38(169), 407-419.

Diener, E. (1984). Subjective well-being. Psychological Bulletin, 95(3), 542-575.

Diener, E. (1994). Assessing subjective well-being: Progress and opportunities. Social Indicators Research, 31(2), 103-157.

Diener, E. (2000). Subjective well-being: The science of happiness and a proposal for a national index. American Psychologist, 55(1), 34-43.

Diener, E. (2012). New findings and future directions for subjective well-being research. American Psychologist, 67(8), 590-597.

Diener, E., Emmons, R. A., Larsen, R. J., & Griffin, S. (1985). The Satisfaction with Life Scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 49(1), 71-75.

Diener, E., & Ryan, K. (2009). Subjective well-being: A general overview. South African Journal of Psychology, 39(4), 391-406.

Diener, E., Suh, E. M., Lucas, R. E., & Smith, H. L. (1999). Subjective well-being: Three decades of progress. Psychological Bulletin, 125(2), 276-302.

Duncan, L. G. (2007). Assessment of mindful parenting among parents of early adolescents: Development and validation of the Interpersonal Mindfulness in Parenting Scale. Unpublished doctorate dissertation. The Pennsylvania State University, Pennsylvania.

Duncan, L. G., Coatsworth, J. D., & Greenberg, M. T. (2009). A model of mindful parenting: Implications for parent-child relationships and prevention research. Clinical child and family psychology review, 12(3), 255-270.

Erdil, R. (2018). İlkokul öğretmenlerinin duygusal zekâ düzeyleri ile öznel iyi oluşları arasındaki ilişkinin incelenmesi. Unpublished master thesis, İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, İstanbul.

Ergin, E. (2017). Duygusal Zeka Özelliği Ölçeği-Adölesan Kısa Formu'nun uyarlama çalışması. Unpublished master thesis. Selçuk Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Konya.

Erkoç, R. (2017). Öz-eleştirinin öznel iyi oluş üzerindeki etkisinin aracı değişkenleri olarak farkındalık ve öz-duyarlılık. Unpublished master thesis, Ege Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, İzmir.

Erus, S. M., & Deniz, E. (2018). Evlilikte Bilinçli Farkındalık Ölçeğinin geliştirmesi: Geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması. The Journal of Happiness & Well-Being, 6(2), 96-113.

Eryılmaz, A. (2009). Başa çıkma stratejilerinin kişilik özellikleriyle ergen öznel iyi oluşu arasındaki aracı rolü. Unpublished doctorate dissertation, Ankara Üniversitesi, Ankara.

Falkenström, F. (2010). Studying mindfulness in experienced meditators: A quasi-experimental approach. Personality and Individual Differences, 48(3), 305-310.

Fışıloğlu, H., & Demir, A. (2000). Applicability of the Dyadic Adjustment Scale for measurement of marital quality with Turkish couples. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 16(3), 214-218.

Fordyce, M. W. (1983). A program to increase happiness: Further studies. Journal of Counselling Psychology, 30(4), 483-498.

Frank, J. L., Jennings, P. A., & Greenberg, M. T. (2016). Validation of the Mindfulness in Teaching Scale. Mindfulness, 7(1), 155-163.

Gambrel, L. E., & Keeling, M. L. (2010). Relational aspects of mindfulness: Implications for the practice of marriage and family therapy. Contemporary Family Therapy, 32(4), 412–426.

Gambrel, L. E., & Piercy, F. P. (2015). Mindfulness‐based relationship education for couples expecting their first child-Part 2: Phenomenological findings. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 41(1), 25- 41.

Gehart, D. R. (2012). Mindfulness and acceptance in couple and family therapy. New York: Guilford Press.

Gehart, D. R., & McCollum, E. E. (2007). Engaging suffering: Towards a mindful re‐visioning of family therapy practice. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 33(2), 214-226.

Gençöz, T. (2000). Pozitif ve Negatif Duygu Ölçeği: Geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması. Türk Psikoloji Dergisi, 15(46), 19-26.

George, D., & Mallery, M. (2016). IBM SPSS statistics 23 step by step a simple guide and reference (14th edition). New York: Routledge.

Gillespie, B., Davey, M. P., & Flemke, K. (2015). Intimate partners’ perspectives on the relational effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction training: A qualitative research study. Contemporary Family Therapy, 37(4), 396-407.

Goleman, D. (1999). Emotional intelligence: Why it can matter more than IQ (B. Seçkin Yüksel, Trans.). İstanbul: Varlık Publishing.

Griebel, C. (2015). Emotional intelligence as a mediator in the relationship between mindfulness and subjective well-being. Unpublished doctorate dissertation, Eastern Illinois University, Illinois.

Hamarta, E., Özyeşil, Z., Deniz, M. E., & Dilmaç, B. (2013). The prediction level of mindfulness and locus of control on subjective well-being. International Journal of Academic Research, 5(2), 145-150.

Hanh, T. N. (1987). Miracle of mindfulness. Boston: Beacon Press.

Hawkins, D. N., & Booth, A. (2005). Unhappily ever after: Effects of long-term, low quality marriages on well-being. Social Forces, 84(1), 451-471.

Hill, C. L., & Updegraff, J. A. (2012). Mindfulness and its relationship to emotional regulation. Emotion, 12(1), 81-90.

Jackson, D. L. (2003). Revisiting sample size and number of parameter estimates: Some support for the N:q hypothesis. Structural Equation Modelling, 10(1), 128-141.

Jones, K. C., Welton, S. R., Oliver, T. C., & Thoburn, J. W. (2011). Mindfulness, spousal attachment, and marital satisfaction: A mediated model. The Family Journal: Counseling and Therapy for Couples and Families, 19(4), 357-361.

Kabat‐Zinn, J. (2003). Mindfulness‐based interventions in context: Past, present, and future. Clinical Psychology: Science and practice, 10(2), 144-156.

Karremans, J. C., Schellekens, M. P., & Kappen, G. (2017). Bridging the sciences of mindfulness and romantic relationships: A theoretical model and research agenda. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 21(1), 29-49.

Kırtıl, S. (2009). İlköğretim ikinci kademe öğrencilerinin duygusal zeka düzeyleri ile yaşam doyumu düzeylerinin incelenmesi. Unpublished master thesis, Dokuz Eylul Üniversitesi, Eğitim Bilimleri Enstitüsü, İzmir.

Kline, R. B. (2011). Principles and practice of structural equation modelling. New York: Guildford Publications Press.

Koçak, R., & İçmenoğlu, E. (2012). Üstün yetenekli öğrencilerin duygusal zekâ ve yaratıcılık düzeylerinin yaşam doyumlarını yordayıcı rolü. Türk Psikolojik Danışma ve Rehberlik Dergisi, 4(37), 73-85.

Kohlenberg, R. J., Tsai, M., Kuczynski, A. M., Rae, J. R., Lagbas, E., Lo, J., & Kanter, J. W. (2015). A brief, interpersonally oriented mindfulness intervention incorporating: Functional Analytic Psychotherapy ׳s model of awareness, courage and love. Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science, 4, 107-111.

Koole, S. L. (2009). The psychology of emotion regulation: An integrative review. Cognition & Emotion, 23(1), 4-41.

Koydemir, S., Şimşek, O. F.., Schütz, A., & Tipandjan, A. (2013). Differences in how trait emotional intelligence predicts life satisfaction: The role of affect balance versus social support in India and Germany. Journal of Happiness Studies, 14(1), 51-66.

Krishnaveni, R. R., & Deepa, R. R. (2013). Controlling common method variance while measuring the impact of emotional intelligence on well-being. Vikalpa: The Journal for Decision Makers, 38(1), 41- 47.

Larsen, R. J., & Eid, M. (2008). The science of subjective well-being. In M. Eid, & R.J. Larsen (Eds.), The science of subjective well-being (pp. 1-13). New York: The Guilford Press.

Lauer, R. H., Lauer, J. C., & Kerr, S. T. (1990). The long term marriage: Perception of stability and satisfaction. International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 31(3), 189-195.

Lenger, K. A., Gordon, C. L., & Nguyen, S. P. (2017). Intra-individual and cross-partner associations between the five facets of mindfulness and relationship satisfaction. Mindfulness, 8, 171-180.

Lewis, R. A., & Spanier, G. B. (1979). Theorizing about the quality and stability of marriage. In W. R. Burr, R. Hill, F. I. Nye, & I. L. Reiss (Eds.), Contemporary theories about the family (pp. 268-294). New York: The Free Press.

Lippold, M. A., Duncan, L. G., Coatsworth, J. D., Nix, R. L., & Greenberg, M. T. (2015). Understanding how mindful parenting may be linked to mother-adolescent communication. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 44(9), 1663-1673.

Locke, H. J., & Wallace, K. M. (1959). Short marital-adjustment and prediction tests: Their reliability and validity. Marriage and Family Living, 21(3), 251-255.

Lyubomirsky, S., King, L., & Diener, E. (2005). The benefits of frequent positive affect: Does happiness lead to success? Psychological Bulletin, 131(6), 803–855.

Mandal, S. P., Arya, Y. K., & Pandey, R. (2012). Mental health and mindfulness: Mediational role of positive and negative affect. SIS Journal of Projective Psychology & Mental Health, 19(2), 150-159.

McCaffrey, S. (2015). Mindfulness in Parenting Questionnaire (MIPQ): Development and validation of a measure of mindful parenting. Unpublished doctorate dissertation. Nova Southeastern University, Florida.

McCaffrey, S., Reitman, D., & Black, R. (2017). Mindfulness in Parenting Questionnaire (MIPQ): Development and validation of a measure of mindful parenting. Mindfulness, 8(1), 232-246.

Morsünbül, Ü. (2011). Ergenlikte özerkliğin ve kimlik biçimlenmesinin öznel iyi oluş üzerindeki etkisi. Unpublished doctorate dissertation, Ankara Üniversitesi, Ankara.

Myers, D. G., & Diener, E. (1995). Who is happy? Psychological Science, 6(1), 10-19.

Nyklíček, I., & Kuijpers, K. F. (2008). Effects of mindfulness-base stress reduction intervention on psychological well-being and quality of life: Is increased mindfulness indeed the mechanism? Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 35(3), 331-340.

Özyeşil, Z., Arslan, C., Kesici, Ş., & Deniz, M. E. (2011). Adaptation of the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale into Turkish. Education and Science, 36(160), 225-235.

Palant, J. (2011). SPSS survıval manual. A step by step guide to data analysis using SPSS 4th edition. Crows Nest: Allen & Unwin.

Pardo, A., & Román, M. (2013). Reflections on the Baron and Kenny model of statistical mediation. Anales de Psicologia, 29(2), 614-623.

Parent, J., McKee, L. G., Rough, J. N., & Forehand, R. (2016). The association of parent mindfulness with parenting and youth psychopathology across three developmental stages. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 44(1), 191-202.

Parlar, A., & Akgün, Ş. (2018). Evlilikte bilinçli farkındalık, evlilik doyumu ve problem çözme becerileri ilişkilerinin incelenmesi. Academic Platform Journal of Education and Change, 1(1), 11-21.

Petrides, K. V. (2009a). Psychometric properties of the trait emotional intelligence questionnaire (TEIQue). In J. D. A. Parker, D. H. Saklofske, & C. Stough (Eds.) Assessing emotional intelligence (pp. 85-101). Boston: Springer.

Petrides, K. V. (2009b). Technical manual for the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaires (TEIQue). London: London Psychometric Laboratory.

Petrides, K. V., & Furnham, A. (2000). On the dimensional structure of emotional intelligence. Personality and Individual Differences, 29, 313-320.

Petrides, K. V., & Furnham, A. (2001). Trait emotional intelligence: Psychometric investigation with reference to established trait taxonomies. European Journal of Personality, 15(6), 425-448.

Petrides, K. V., & Furnham, A. (2006). The role of trait emotional intelligence in a gender-specific model of organizational variables. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 36, 552-569.

Pratscher, S. D., Rose, A. J., Markovitz, L., & Bettencourt, A. (2018). Interpersonal mindfulness: Investigating mindfulness in interpersonal interactions, co-rumination, and friendship quality. Mindfulness, 9(4), 1206-1215.

Pratscher, S. D., Wood, P. K., King, L. A., & Bettencourt, B. A. (2019). Interpersonal mindfulness: Scale development and initial construct validation. Mindfulness, 10(6), 1044-1061.

Reisoğlu, S. (2014). Üniversite öğrencilerinin öznel iyi oluşlarını yordamada beş faktör kişilik özellikleri, mizah tarzları ve duygusal zekânın rolü. Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Karadeniz Teknik Üniversitesi, Trabzon.

Robinson, L. C., & Blanton, P. W. (1993). Marital strengths in enduring marriages. Family Relations, 42, 38-45.

Salovey, P., & Mayer, J. D. (1990). Emotional intelligence. Imagination, Cognition and Personality, 9(3), 185-211.

Schermelleh-Engel, K., Moosbrugger, H., & Müller, H. (2003). Evaluating the fit of structural equation models: Tests of significance and descriptive goodness-of-fit measures. Methods of Psychological Research Online, 8(2), 23-74.

Schutte, N. S., & Malouff, J. M. (2011). Emotional intelligence mediates the relationship between mindfulness and subjective well-being. Personality and Individual Differences, 50(7), 1116-1119.

Schutte, N. S., Malouff, J. M., Thorsteinsson, E. B., Bhullar, N., & Rooke, S. E. (2007). A meta-analytic investigation of the relationship between emotional intelligence and health. Personality and Individual Differences, 42(6), 921-933.

Segrin, C., & Flora, C. (2011). Family communication: Second edition. New York: Routledge.

Seligman, M. E. P. (2007). Authentic happiness (S. Kunt Akbaş ve E. Köroğlu, Trans. Ed.). Ankara: HYB Publishing.

Seligman, M. E., & Csikszentmihalyi, M. (2000). Positive psychology: An introduction. American Psychologist, 55(1), 5-14.

Sevdalis, N., Petrides, K. V., & Harvey, N. (2007). Predicting and experiencing decision-related emotions: Does trait emotional intelligence matter? Personality and Individual Differences, 42, 1347-1358.

Shapiro, L. E. (1999). How to raise a child with a high EQ: A parents' guide (Ü. Kartal, Trans.). İstanbul: Varlık Publishing.

Sheldon, K. M., & Elliot, A. J. (1999). Goal striving, need satisfaction, and longitudinal well-being: The self-concordance model. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 76(3), 482-497.

Sheldon, K. M., Elliot, A. J., Ryan, R.M., Chirkov, V., Kim, Y., Wu, C., ... & Sun, Z. (2004). Self-concordance model and subjective well-being in four cultures. Journal of Cross-cultural Psychology, 35(2), 209- 223.

Spanier, G. B., & Lewis, R. A. (1980). Marital quality: A review of the seventies. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 42, 825-839.

Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2015). Using multivariate statistics. (M. Baloğlu, Trans. Ed.). Ankara: Nobel Publishing.

Terzioğlu, Z. A. (2016) Üniversite öğrencilerinde öznel iyi oluş ve stres belirtilerinin yordayıcılarının incelenmesi. Unpublished master thesis, Akdeniz University Eğitim Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Antalya.

Thera, N. (2001). The power of mindfulness. Retrieved March 2, 2019 from http://www.buddhanet.net/pdf_file/powermindfulness.pdf Tutarel-Kışlak, Ş. (1999). Evlilik Uyum Ölçeğinin güvenirlik ve geçerlik çalışması. 3P (Psikiyatri, Psikoloji, Psikofarmakoloji) Dergisi, 7(1), 50-57.

Tuzgöl Dost, M. (2004). Üniversite öğrencilerinin öznel iyi oluş düzeyleri. Unpublished doctorate dissertation, Hacettepe Üniversitesi, Ankara.

Tümkaya, S., Hamarta, E., Deniz, M. E., Çelik, M., & Aybek, B. (2008). Duygusal zeka mizah tarzı ve yaşam doyumu: Üniversite öğretim elemanları üzerine bir araştirma. Türk Psikolojik Danışma ve Rehberlik Dergisi, 3(30), 1-18.

Visted, E., Vøllestad, J., Nielsen, M. B., & Nielsen, G. H. (2015). The impact of group-based mindfulness training on self-reported mindfulness: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Mindfulness, 6(3), 501- 522.

Wachs, K., & Cordova, J. V. (2007). Mindful relating: Exploring mindfulness and emotion repertoires in intimate relationships. Journal of Marital & Family Therapy, 33(4), 464-481.

Wang, Y., & Kong, F. (2014). The role of emotional intelligence in the impact of mindfulness on life satisfaction and mental distress. Social Indicators Research, 116(3), 843-852.

Watson, D., Clark, L. A., & Tellegen, A. (1988). Development and validation of brief measures of positive and negative affect: The PANAS Scales. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54(6), 1063- 1070.

Whitehead, R., Bates, G., Elphinstone, B., Yang, Y., & Murray, G. (2018). Nonattachment mediates the relationship between mindfulness and psychological well-being, subjective well-being, and depression, anxiety and stress. Journal of Happiness Studies, 20(7), 2141-2158

Williams, A. M., & Cano, A. (2014). Spousal mindfulness and social support in couples with chronic pain. The Clinical Journal of Pain, 30(6), 528-535.

Zhao, J., Kong, F., & Wang, Y. (2013). Shyness and subjective well-being: The role of emotional intelligence and social support. Social Indicators Research, 114(3), 891-900.

Kaynak Göster

  • ISSN: 2146-0655
  • Yayın Aralığı: Yılda 4 Sayı
  • Başlangıç: 2011

280 84