The purpose of this study is to investigate outdoor play experiences of preschool children in Turkey and to compare the experiences of these children with previous generation. The sample of the study consists of 398 parents with children aged 3-6 years old attending to a pre-school education institution in the province of Adana, a city located in the south of Turkey. The questionnaire of “the parents and children’s outdoor play experiences”, which was based on the study of Clements (2004) was adapted by the researchers and was used as the data collection tool. While the quantitative data were analysed through frequency and percentage, the qualitative data were analysed by means of content analysis. Results revealed that today’s children got involved in outdoor play activities significantly less than their parents did. Health conditions, safety concern, lack of environmental opportunities and use of technological device (computer, television, tablet pc etc.) were reported as the main reasons of the findings in the present study by parents. The results show similarity with the related literature.
Bu çalışmanın amacı Türkiye’de okul öncesi dönem çocuklarının açık hava oyun deneyimlerinin incelenmesi ve bu çocukların açık hava oyun deneyimlerinin geçmiş kuşaklar ile karşılaştırılmasıdır. Çalışmanın örneklemini, Adana ilinde okul öncesi eğitim kurumuna devam eden 3-6 yaş grubunda çocukları bulunan 398 ebeveyn oluşturmaktadır. Veri toplama aracı olarak Clements’in (2004) çalışması temel alınarak araştırmacılar tarafından oluşturulan “ebeveynlerin ve çocukların açık hava oyun deneyimleri” anketi kullanılmıştır. Araştırmadan elde edilen nicel veriler frekans ve yüzde alma tekniği kullanılarak analiz edilirken, nitel veriler ise içerik analizi yapılarak çözümlenmiştir. Yapılan analizler sonucunda günümüz çocuklarının ebeveynlerine kıyasla açık havada belirgin bir şekilde daha az oyun oynadıkları tespit edilmiştir. Bu durumun temel sebebi ise ebeveynler tarafından sağlık koşulları, güvenlik kaygısı, çevresel imkansızlıklar ve teknolojik alet kullanımı (bilgisayar, televizyon, tablet vb.) olarak belirtilmiştir. Sonuçlar ilgili literatürle de benzerlik göstermektedir.
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