IS NATO'S PRESENCE FADING IN RUSSIAN NEAR ABROAD IN TIMES OF CHANGE?

Bu makalenin amacı NATO'nun Rusya'nın yakın çevresindeki ortaklık faaliyetlerini ele alarak, İttifak'ın bölgedeki evrimini değerlendirmektir. Çalışma, İttifak'ın ortaklık politikasının 1990'lı yıllardan beri nasıl değiştiğini, Türkiye'nin bu politikaya yönelik katkılarını incelemekte ve Afganistan operasyonunun sona ermesinin ve Ukrayna krizinin seyrinin NATO'nun bölgedeki faaliyetlerini nasıl etkileyebileceğini açıklamayı amaçlamaktadır. Soğuk Savaş sonrası dönemde Rusya'nın yakın çevresi ile NATO arasındaki bağ, NATO'nun genişlemesi, ortaklık politikası ve İttifak'ın liderliğinde gerçekleştirilen askeri operasyonlar aracılığıyla kurulmuştur. NATO'nun Afganistan'daki operasyonunu sona erdirmesi ve Rusya ile ilişkilerdeki müşkül durum dikkate alındığında, kurulan bu bağların ve gerçekleştirilen görevlerin geleceği problemli görünmektedir. Bu makale, Ukrayna krizi nedeniyle İttifak ve Rusya arasındaki iş birliğinin askıda kalmasının NATO'nun Rusya'nın yakın çevresinde uygulamaya çalıştığı ortaklık politikasına sınırlandırıcı bir etkisi olacağını iddia etmektedir. Çalışmada bu çerçevede Ukrayna krizinin NATO'nun genişleme ve ortaklık politikalarına olan etkileri de incelenmektedir

The aim of this article is to examine the evolving place of NATO in the Russian near abroad, giving an overview of the Alliance's partnership activities in the region. The article aims to clarify how the Alliance's partnership policy has changed in this region and the contributions of Turkey to this policy since the 1990s as well as how NATO's activities will be affected after Afghanistan operation and Ukraine crisis. In the Post-Cold War era, a bond between the NATO and the Russian near abroad has been established through NATO's expansion, its partnership policy and its military operations. Given the withdrawal troops from Afghanistan and the relations with Russia at an impasse each of these core missions' future now appears to be in question. The article claims that maintaining the suspension of the Alliance's cooperation with Russia caused by the Ukraine crisis could have a limiting effect on NATO's partnership policy in the Russian near abroad. In this framework, the impact of the crisis on the Alliance's enlargement policy and its partnership policy are addressed in the article.

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Kaynak Göster