Community of Values as a Key Factor of Decolonization

The article deals with the problems of decolonization in Poland and Ukraine. The relationship between the moral-regulatory and functional founda-tions of the development of national communities in the process of eliminating colonization heritage is scrutinized. The authors endeavor to analyze the con-trast between the two versions of decolonization embodied by the most active forces of social change in the two states: Solidarity and Maidan communities. These social groups act as bearers of certain intellectual and social visions of the future, representing certain historical and value markers. The article gener-alizes theoretical approaches related to Central European and Russian socio-cultural influences relating to the formation of the values of freedom that con-flict with the dimensions of clientelism and subjugation. The research confirms that Ukrainian society mostly neglects the heritage of Central European com-munities: communitarian social experience, solidarity, and social pragmatism. At the institutional and life-world (Lebenswelt) levels the values and principles that were extremely relevant during the events of the 2014 Revolution of Dig-nity and led to the overthrow of the Yanukovich colonial regime are currently ignored. On the contrary, Polish Solidarity can be considered a successful anti-colonial community which through its powerful intellectual reflection and re-thinking of the historical past has been able to offer society a valuable vision of change and to uphold its practical realization.

Kaynakça

Arato, A. (1984). The Democratic Theory of the Polish Opposition: Normative Intentions and Strategic Ambiguities. Working Paper 15, April, Kellog Insti-tute.

Ashcroft, B. & Griffiths, G. & Tiffin, H. (2002). The Empire Writes Back: Theory and Practice in Post-Colonial Literatures. London & New York: Routledge.

Bhabha, H. (2004). The Location of Culture. Abingdon: Routledge.

Bottici, C. (2014). Imaginal Politics: Images beyond Imagination and the Imagi-nary. Washington: Columbia University Press.

Dobrzański, D. (2013). Zasada Solidarności: Studium z Filozofii Społecznej. Poznan: Wyd. Naukowe UAM.

Dzielski, M. (1995). Polityka Polska Dziś. Odrodzenie Ducha-Budowa Wolności: Pisma Zebrane. Kraków: Krakowskie Towarzystwo Przemysłowe, Znak, 919-943.

Dzyuba, I. (1998). Internationalism or Russification? Kyiv: Kyiv-Mohyla Academy.

Etkind, A. (2011). Internal Colonization: The Imperial Experience of Russia. Moscow: Literaturnoye Obozreniye.

Geremek, Bronisław. (1994). Spoleczeństwo Obywatelskie i Wspólczesność. Eu-ropa i Społeczeństwo Obywatelskie. Kraków: Znak.

Hnatiuk, O. (2005). Farewell to Empire: Ukrainian Discussions on Identity. Kyiv: Osnovy.

Hrytsak, Y. (2015). The Postcolonial is Not Enough. Slaviс Review, 4, 733-734.

Hundorova, T. (2007). Postcolonial Ressentiment: the Ukrainian Case. From Sovietology to Postcoloniality: Poland and Ukraine from a Postcolonial Perspective. (Ed. J. Korek). Huddinge: Södertörns Högskola, 103-113.

John Paul II (1996). The Social Teaching of the Church as the Integral Part of its Mis-sion. Rome: Fundacia Jana Pavla II, Osrodec Documentacji Pontificatu. https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/ sedno-webapp/persons/1552204/?& pageNo=2.

Kappeler, A. (2001). The Russian Empire: A Multiethnic History. London: Routledge.

Khrypko, S. & Iatsenko, G. (2019). Philosophy of a Surname: Ukrainian Con-text. Beytulhikme An International Journal of Philosophy, 9 (4), 899-912.

Król, M. (1991). Święty Piotr i John Stuart Mill: Nowożytny Spór Między Ści-jaństwem a Liberalizmem. Res Publica, 46 (9-10), 2-23.

Król, M. (1992). Liberalizm Strachu czy Liberalizm Odwagi. Kraków, Znak.

Król, M. (1993). Między Korporacją a Społeczeństwem Obywatelskim. Obywatel: Odrodzenie Pojęcia. (Ed. B. Markiewicz). Warszawa: Instytut Filozofii i Socjo-logii PAN.

Lis, R. (2007). Fenomen Narodzin Spoleczeństwa Obywatelskiego w Polsce Ok-resu Schyłkowego Kommunizmu. Czas Społeczeństwa Obywatelskiego. Między Teorią a Praktyką. (Ed. P. Borowiec & B. Krauz-Mozer). Kraków: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego, 89-102.

Mason, A. (2000). Community, Solidarity and Belonging. Levels of Community and their Normative Significance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Michnik, A. (1983). List z Mokotova: Grudniowe Rekolekcje. Krytyka, 16, 11-22.

Novak, M. (1993). Liberalizm-Sprzymierzeniec czy Wróg Kościola: Nauczanie Społeczne Kościoła a Instytucje Liberalne. Poznań: Wydawnictwo W Drodze.

Ost, D. (1991). Solidarity and the Politics of Anti-Politics: Opposition and Reform in Poland since 1968. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Pasko, Y. (2016). Introduction. Z. Krasnodębski. Demokracja Peryferij. (Trans. Y. Pasko & H. Korzhov & O. Beliakova). Kyiv: Talkom, 6-9.

Pavlyshyn, M. (1992). Post-Colonial Features in Contemporary Ukrainian Culture. Australian Slavonic and East European Studies, 6 (2), 41-55.

Riabchuk, M. (2002). Ukraine: One State, Two Countries with comments. Transit Online, 23.

Riabczuk, M. (2015). Ukraina: Syndrom Postkolonialny. Wroclaw-Wojnowice.

Said, E. (2007). Culture and Imperialism. Kyiv: Krytyka.

Shore, М. (2018). Ukrainian Night: History of Revolution Closely. Kyiv: Dukh i Litera.

Snochowska-Gonzalez, C. (2012). Post-Colonial Poland: On an Unavoidable Misuse. East European Politics and Societies, 26 (4), 708-723.

Snyder, T. (2015). Integration and Disintegration: Europe, Ukraine and the World. Slavic Review, 74 (4), 695-707.

Sowa, J. (2011). Fantomowe Ciało Króla: Peryferyjne Zmagania z Nowoczesną Formą. Kraków: Universitas.

Spivak, G. C. (1988). Can the Subaltern Speak? Basingstoke: Macmillan.

Sverstyuk, Y. (2014). Changing Winds of Time. Maidan: (R)evolution of Spirit. (Ed. A. Mukhars’ky). Kyiv: Nash Format, 118-129.

Szacka, B. (2006). Czas Przeszły: Pamięc-Mit. Warszawa: Scholar.

Thompson, E. (2000). Imperial Knowledge: Russian Literature and Colonialism. Westport & London: Greenwood Press.

Thompson, E. (2010). Whose Discourse? Telling the Story in Post-Communist Poland. The Other Shore, 1 (1), 1-15.

Tichner, J. (2000). Etyka Solidarności. Kraków: Znak.

Touraine, A. (2013). Solidarność: Analiza Ruchu Społecznego 1980-1981. Gdansk: Eu-ropejskie Centrum Solidarności.

Wagner, P. (2014). Does Europe Have a Cultural Identity? The Cultural Values of Europe. (Eds. H. Joas & K. Wiegandt). Kyiv: Dukh i Litera, 525-543.

Weber, M. (1998). On Some Categories of the Sociology of Understanding. Socio-logy: General Historical Analysis. Kyiv: Osnovy, 104-156.

Zabuzhko, O. (1997). Shevchenko’s Myth of Ukraine: An Attempt at Philosophical Analysis. Kyiv: Abris.

Zhurzhenko, T. (2005). Myth on Two Ukraines. Perekriestki, 3-4.

Kaynak Göster