Uluslararası hukukta suçluların iadesi ve suçluları kovuşturma yükümlülüğü

Çağımızda iade veya geri verme işleminde insan hakları önemli bir konuma sahiptir. Bugün kişi, adil olmayan yargılama, ölüm cezası, işkence ya da insanlık dışı ve küçültücü muamele ya da cezaya maruz kalma riski olan bir ülkeye gönderilemez. Ancak, kendisinden kişinin gönderilmesi talep edilen bir devlet, belirli hususlarda yeterli teminat alması halinde kişinin gönderilmesine karar verebilir. Çalışmanın amacı suçluların iadesi ve suçluları kovuşturma yükümlülüğünü inceleyerek iade kurumunun kaynakları, kapsamı ve bu kurumun en önemli istisnası olarak insan haklarının ihlâli sonucu suçluları iade etmeme yükümlülüğü konusunu değerlendirmektir

Extradition and the obligation to prosecute of offenders in international law (aut dedere aut judicare)

In modern times, human rights has an important position in extradition process. Today, if the offence for which extradition is requested is punishable by death, unfair trial, torture or inhuman and degrading treatment or punishment under the law of the requesting party, extradition may be refused unless the requesting party gives such assurance as the requested party considers sufficient that the death-penalty will not be carried out. The purpose of this study is to evaluate extradition and the obligation to prosecute offenders with the study of the sources and scope of the institution of extradition and by observing the duty of non-refoulement as the most important exception to this institution and a result of violation of human rights.

Kaynakça

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Kaynak Göster