MIDDLE CHALCOLITHIC FINDS FROM DAGDERE IN THE AKHISAR-MANISA REGION

This paper aims to examine a small assemblage of marble objects and related pot sherds identified on the surface of the prehistoric site of Daødere lying about 500 m south of the homonymous village. These finds were collected from the site after the ground subsided due to the modern coal mining activity. The assemblage in general could broadly be dated to the mid fifth millennium BC in the Middle Chalcolithic period. Because all the fragments of marble Kilia figurines, conical rhyta and bowls found on the surface of Daødere once belonged to finished objects, it may be assumed that they were actually imports from the region’s well-known marble workshop site of KulaksÖzlar, located nearly 30 km from the site. Considering the question of who the craftsmen of KulaksÖzlar produced these marble figurines and vessels for, and why these objects appear at places far from their workshop, the Daødere finds could be accepted as archaeological manifestation of intra-regional exchange between the settlers of KulaksÖzlar and other settlements located around it in the Akhisar-Manisa region during the Middle Chalcolithic period. This data complements our knowledge of the existence of a developed network of inter-regional interaction involving the marble products of KulaksÖzlar workshop.

AKHİSAR-MANİSA BÖLGESİNDE DAĞDERE YERLEŞİMİ ORTA KALKOLİTİK BULUNTULARI

Bu çalÖûma Akhisar/Manisa yöresinde Daødere Köyü’ne 500 metre güneyinde tespit edilen ve büyük oranda kömür ocaøÖ faaliyetleri sebebiyle tahrip olan aynÖ adlÖ prehistorik yerleûimde tespit edilen mermer buluntularÖ ve onlarla beraber bulunan çanak çömlek buluntularÖnÖ deøerlendirir. Söz konusu Daødere yüzey buluntularÖ genel anlamda Orta Kalkolitik dönem içinde M.Ö. 5. bin yÖl ortalarÖna tarihlenebilir. Daødere yerleûimi yüzeyinde ele geçen tüm Kilya heykelciøi, konik rhyton ve kase parçalarÖnÖn bitmiû ürünlere ait olmasÖ bu eserlerin yaklaûÖk olarak 30 km uzaklÖkta bulunan bölgenin önemli mermer atölyelerinden KulaksÖzlar ürünü olabileceklerini düûündürmektedir. KulaksÖzlar mermer atölyesi zanaatkârlarÖnÖn mermer heykelcik ve kaplarÖ kim için ürettiøi ve bu ürünlerin neden üretim yerlerinden uzak yerleûimlerde el geçtiøi konusu ilgi çekici olma özelliøini korurken Daødere yerleûimi buluntularÖ bölge içinde Orta Kalkolitik dönemde KulaksÖzlar ve onun çevresinde bulunan yerleûimler arasÖnda bir tür iletiûim aøÖ olduøuna iûaret etmektedir. Bu veri bu bakÖmdan daha önce gösterilen KulaksÖzlar mermer atölyesi ürünlerinin uzak mesafelere daøÖlÖmÖnÖ saølayan bir iletiûim aøÖ dÖûÖnda bölge içinde farklÖ bir iletiûim aøÖnÖn daha parçasÖ olduøunu gösterir.

Kaynakça

E. Baysal – A. Baysal – A. U. Türkcan – A. Nazaraoff, “Early Specialized production? A Chalcolithic Stone bracelet workshop at KanlItaû, Turkey”, OJA, 34.3, 2015, 235-257.

Ö. Çevik, “What follows the Late Neolithic occupation in cen- tral-western Anatolia?”, in: S. Dietz – F. Mavridis – Z. Tankosic

T. TakaoĞlu (eds.), Communities in Transition: The Circum-Aegean Later Neolithic Stage (ca. 5000/4800-3200/3000 BC), (Oxford 2017) 509-515.

R. Dinç, “1994 yIlI Akhisar-KulaksIzlar mermer atılyesi yüzey araûtIrmasI”, AST 13.1, 1996, 11-41.

R. Dinç, “KulaksIzlar mermer idol atılyesi ve çevre araûtIrma- larI”, AST 14.2, 1996, 255-282.

R. Duru, From 8000 BC to 2000 BC. Six Thousand Years of the Burdur-Antalya Region (ùstanbul 2008).

R. Duru, TarIm’dan YazI’ya Burdur Yıresi ve YakIn Çevresi’nin AltIbin YIlI (M.I. 8000-2000), (Antalya 2016).

T. Efe, The Salvage Excavations at Orman FidanlIĞI: A Chalcolithic Site in Inland Northwestern Anatolia (ùstanbul 2001).

J. D. Evans – C. Renfrew, Excavations at Saliagos near Antiparos (Athens 1968).

S. Günel, “Prehistoric Culture in Çine-Tepecik Hıyük and its contribution to the archaeology of the region”, in: S. Dietz – F. Mavridis – Z. Tankosic – T. TakaoĞlu (eds.), Communities in Tran- sition: The Circum-Aegean Later Neolithic Stage (ca. 5000/4800- 3200/3000 BC), (Oxford 2017) 541-550.

S. Hood, Chios. Prehistoric Emporio and Ayio Gala I (Oxford 1981). M. S. Joukowsky, Prehistoric Aphrodisias. An Account of the Excava- tions and Artifact Studies (Providence 1986).

M. Kartal – I. YalçInkaya, “Karain MaĞarasI 2011 kazIlarI/Excavations at Karain Cave in 2011”, ANMED 2012- 10, 27-29. A. Peschlow-Bindokat – C. Gerber, “”The Latmos-Beûparmak Mountains”, in: M. IzdoĞan, N. Baûgelen, P. Kuniholm, The Neolithic In Turkey, Volume 5: New Excavations & New Research (ùs- tanbul 2012) 67-115.

C. Renfrew, “The sculptures of Neolithic Saliagos”, in: M. Mar- thari – C. Renfrew – M. J. Boyd (eds.), Early Cycladic Sculpture in Context (Oxford 2017) 25-29.

Ch. Schwall – B. Horejs, “Western Anatolian Impact on Aegean Figurines and Religion?”, in: B. Horejs (ed.), Çukuriçi Hıyük 1: Anatolia and the Aegean from the 7th to the 3rd Millennium BC. (Vien- na 2017) 53-77.

J. Seeher, “Antalya YakInlarInda Karain MaĞarasIndaki Kalkolitik ÇaĞ BuluntularI”, AST 5.2, 1989, 221-238.

T. TakaoĞlu, “1999 KulaksIzlar Yüzey AraûtIrmasI”, AST 18.2, 2001, 157-168.

T. TakaoĞlu, “Chalcolithic marble working at KulaksIzlar in western Anatolia”, TÜBA-AR 5, 2002, 71-93.



T. TakaoĞlu, A Chalcolithic Marble Workshop at KulaksIzlar in West- ern Anatolia: An Analysis of Production and Craft Specialization. BAR- International Series 1358 (Oxford 2005).

T. TakaoĞlu, “Stone artifacts and idols in Western Anatolia”, in:

V. SahoĞlu – P. Sotirakopoulou (eds.), Across: The Cyclades and Western Anatolia during the 3rd millennium BC (Istanbul 2011) 158- 62.

T. TakaoĞlu – A. O. BamyacI, “On the marble pointed rhyta: new evidence from Yeûiltepe in North-Western Anatolian hin- terland”, in: S. Dietz – F. Mavridis – Z. Tankosic – T. TakaoĞlu (eds.), Communities in Transition: The Circum-Aegean Later Neolithic Stage (ca. 5000/4800-3200/3000 BC), (Oxford 2017) 493-500.

C. A. Televantou, “Strofilas: A Neolithic settlement on Andros”, in: N. Brodie – J. Doole – G. Gavalas – C. Renfrew (eds.), Hori- zon: A Colloquium on the Prehistory of the Cyclades (Cambridge 2008) 45-53.

C. A. Televantou, “Figurines from Strofilas, Andros”, in: M. Marthari – C. Renfrew – M. J. Boyd (eds.), Early Cycladic Sculpture in Context (Oxford 2017) 39-51.

Kaynak Göster