GEBELERİN İLAÇ KULLANIM DURUMU VE GÜVENLİ İLAÇ KULLANIMI BİLGİLERİNİN İNCELENMESİ

Amaç: Çalışma gebelerin ilaç kullanımı ile gebelikte ilaç kullanım durumları ve ilaç güvenliği bilgilerinin incelenmesi amacıyla yapıldı.Yöntem: Kesitsel ve tanımlayıcı tipteki çalışmanın örneklemini güç analizi sonucunda hesaplanan ve araştırma kriterlerine uyan 378 gebe kadın oluşturdu. Araştırma verileri araştırmacı tarafından literatür taranarak oluşturulan 19 sorudan oluşan bir form ile toplandı. Verilerin analizi SPSS 15.0 paket programı kullanılarak gerçekleştirildi. Araştırmanın yapılabilmesi için hem kurum izni hem de etik kurul izni alındı.Bulgular: Araştırma örneklemindeki gebe kadınların yaş ortalamasının 28.43±5.47 yıl olduğu, %52.4'ünün ilçede yaşadığı, %42.9'unun ortaöğrenim gördüğü saptandı. Gebe kadınların %90.2'sinin gebelikte ilaç kullandığı ve %77.8'inin vitamin/mineral ilaçları aldığı, %4'ünün ise hekim önerisi dışında ilaç kullandığı saptandı. Gebelerin %75.4'ünün ilaç kullanımı ile ilgili bilgi aldığı, bilgi alanların %44.4'ünün hekim tarafından, %16.7'sinin ebe/hemşire tarafından bilgilendirildiği ve %12.7'sinin internetten bilgi edindiği belirlendi.Sonuç: Çalışmada gebelerin gebelik sürecinde ilaç kullanım oranının oldukça yüksek olduğu (%90.2) en çok besin takviyesi olan vitamin ve mineral içeren ilaçları kullandıkları (%96.4’ünün hekim önerisi ile), gebelikte ilaç kullanımı ile bilgileri en sık hekimden aldıkları, internet kaynağı olarak güvenli ve bilimsel verileri içermeyen internet sitelerini kullandıkları saptandı.

INVESTIGATION OF DRUG UTILIZATION STATUS AND SAFE DRUG UTILIZATION INFORMATION IN PREGNANT WOMEN

Aim: This study was carried out to investigate the drug utilization status of pregnant women and the drug utilization and drug safety information during pregnancy.Methods: The sample of the cross-sectional and descriptive study consisted of 378 pregnant women who were calculated as a result of power analysis and who met the research criteria. The data were collected with a 19-item questionnaire which was created by the researcher by literature review. Data analysis was performed using SPSS 15.0 package program. In order to conduct the research, both the approval of the institution and the ethics committee were obtained. Results: It was determined that the average age of the pregnant women in the research sample was 28.43±5.47 years, 52.4% of them were living in the district and 42.9% of them had secondary education. It was found that 90.2% of the pregnant women was on medication during pregnancy and 77.8% of them took vitamins/mineral drugs and 4% of them used drugs other than the doctor's recommendation. It was determined that 75.4% of the pregnant women received information about the drug utilization, 44.4% of them informed by the physician, 16.7% of them informed by the midwife/nurse and 12.7% of them received information from the internet.Conclusion: In the study, it was found that the rate of drug utilization during pregnancy was very high (90.2%), and most pregnant women use vitamins and minerals drugs (96.4% doctor’s recommendation), the information about the drug utilization was reached commonly from the physician in pregnancy, and as internet source, they used the websites which are not safe and does not contain scientific data.

Kaynakça

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Kaynak Göster

Vancouver Çobanoğlu A . GEBELERİN İLAÇ KULLANIM DURUMU VE GÜVENLİ İLAÇ KULLANIMI BİLGİLERİNİN İNCELENMESİ. Anadolu Hemşirelik ve Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi. 2020; 23(4): 463-469.
Anadolu Hemşirelik ve Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi
  • ISSN: 1309-5471
  • Yayın Aralığı: Yılda 4 Sayı
  • Yayıncı: Atatürk Üniversitesi

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