The Evaluation of the Antibacterial Activity of Vetiveria zizanioides (L.) Nash Grown in Giresun, Turkey

Medicinal and aromatic plants have been known since ancient times due to their aromatic and therapeutic properties. These plants can be used as crude, or in some cases their essential oils or extracts with different solvents. Essential oils with different biological activities are widely used in food, medicinal and cosmetic industries. The essential oil of Vetiveria zizanioides (L.) Nash is one of the most prevalent essential oils. The plant is a perennial, dense, bunch-type grass with stiff stem and has a significantly deep and strong root system. It has many biological activities as antimicrobial, antifungal, antiviral, anticarconogenic, etc. activities. In this study, the antibacterial potential of essential oil obtained from vetiver grass grown in Giresun was investigated for the first time against for pathogen microorganisms (Enterobacter cloacae (ATCC 13047), Enterococcus faecalis (ATCC 29212), Escherichia coli (ATCC 25922) and Proteus vulgaris (ATCC 13315). Considering antibacterial activity, the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) value for E. cloacae, E. faecalis, E. coli and P. vulgaris was 15.63, 31.25, 15.63 and 15.63 μg/ml, respectively. According to the results of this study, it is revealed that the essential oil of vetiver has significant antibacterial activity.

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