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The foreign language anxiety in learning German and the effects of total physical response method on students’ speaking skill
There are some factors affecting the development of the speaking skill in the process of learning a foreign language.
One of the factors hampering the speaking process is the anxiety state of students. A student who thinks they will
make mistakes in classroom activities or while talking to a person speaking that language experiences anxiety at a
certain degree. They get anxious, even become afraid prior to speaking activities. This problem covers the whole
language learning process in time and affects it adversely. In this study, after the anxiety levels of the students in
language learning were detected, the Total Physical Response Method was employed to reduce speaking anxiety,
to support language learning with actions, and to ensure learning through practice and experience. Before the
applications, the speaking anxiety pretest and oral communication placement test were applied. The pre-test points
for speaking skills of students in the experimental group were obtained with the application of an A2 level 3-step
oral examination from Goethe Institute. Considering the speaking skill exam post-test points the students got after
the application of the Total Physical Response Method, it can be seen that the lowest point was 64 and the highest
was 86. It can be seen in the results of the speaking anxiety posttest and the anxiety levels that the anxiety levels
of three students with a high level (112+) decreased to medium (61-111). The anxiety points of the other seven
students in the experimental group decreased but their anxiety level remained the same (medium). After the
applications, students were also observed to be more willing to speak German and eager to take turns to speak
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Ondokuz Mayıs University
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