Revolution and Counter-Revolution in Egypt: The Role of External Actors

Öz In 2013, Egypt’s first democratically elected president, Mohammed Morsi, was overthrown by a military coup. Since then, the country has undergone serious setbacks in terms of democracy, individual freedoms and social justice. Egypt’s failed revolution and the military coup in Egypt could not be thought independent from the role of external actors either directly or indirectly involved in this process. Despite their political rhetoric emphasizing democracy promotion and political reforms, both the US and the EU failed to pursue consistent and contributory policies in promoting democratic transition in Egypt in the fear that the electoral victory of Islamist groups would harm their interests in the region. On the other hand, the Gulf monarchies played a pivotal role in the entrenchment of the military rule by providing financial and political support to the military-backed government as a shield against the democratically elected regime in Egypt. This article investigates how the policies adopted by Egypt’s key allies, the European Union, the United States and the Gulf Monarchies, in the face of the January 25 revolution and 2013 military coup impacted the trajectory of Egypt’s political transition. The main thesis of the article is that the policies pursued by the external actors created a political environment unconducive to democratic change in Egypt. 

Kaynakça

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Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { tocd631924, journal = {Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi}, issn = {2147-7523}, eissn = {2630-5631}, address = {}, publisher = {Sakarya Üniversitesi}, year = {2020}, volume = {7}, pages = {169 - 202}, doi = {10.26513/tocd.631924}, title = {Revolution and Counter-Revolution in Egypt: The Role of External Actors}, key = {cite}, author = {Erdogan, Ayfer} }
APA Erdogan, A . (2020). Revolution and Counter-Revolution in Egypt: The Role of External Actors . Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi , 7 (1) , 169-202 . DOI: 10.26513/tocd.631924
MLA Erdogan, A . "Revolution and Counter-Revolution in Egypt: The Role of External Actors" . Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi 7 (2020 ): 169-202 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/tocd/issue/54334/631924>
Chicago Erdogan, A . "Revolution and Counter-Revolution in Egypt: The Role of External Actors". Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi 7 (2020 ): 169-202
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Revolution and Counter-Revolution in Egypt: The Role of External Actors AU - Ayfer Erdogan Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.26513/tocd.631924 DO - 10.26513/tocd.631924 T2 - Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 169 EP - 202 VL - 7 IS - 1 SN - 2147-7523-2630-5631 M3 - doi: 10.26513/tocd.631924 UR - https://doi.org/10.26513/tocd.631924 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi Revolution and Counter-Revolution in Egypt: The Role of External Actors %A Ayfer Erdogan %T Revolution and Counter-Revolution in Egypt: The Role of External Actors %D 2020 %J Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi %P 2147-7523-2630-5631 %V 7 %N 1 %R doi: 10.26513/tocd.631924 %U 10.26513/tocd.631924
ISNAD Erdogan, Ayfer . "Revolution and Counter-Revolution in Egypt: The Role of External Actors". Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi 7 / 1 (Haziran 2020): 169-202 . https://doi.org/10.26513/tocd.631924
AMA Erdogan A . Revolution and Counter-Revolution in Egypt: The Role of External Actors. Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi. 2020; 7(1): 169-202.
Vancouver Erdogan A . Revolution and Counter-Revolution in Egypt: The Role of External Actors. Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi. 2020; 7(1): 169-202.
IEEE A. Erdogan , "Revolution and Counter-Revolution in Egypt: The Role of External Actors", Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi, c. 7, sayı. 1, ss. 169-202, Haz. 2020, doi:10.26513/tocd.631924