24-Epibrassinolidin domateslerde kök-ur nematodu, Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid & White, 1919) Chitwood, 1949 (Tylenchida: Meloidogynidae) üzerine etkileri

2020 yılında yürütülen bu çalışmada nematoda duyarlı olan Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. (Solanales: Solanaceae) H2274 çeşidinin fidelerine daldırma, spreyleme ve sulama şeklinde 24-epibrassinolidin üç konsantrasyonu (1, 5 ve 10 µM) uygulanmış ve kök-ur nematodu, Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid & White, 1919) Chitwood, 1949 (Tylenchida: Meloidogynidae)’a karşı etkileri araştırılmıştır. Meloidogyne incognita’nın Çanakkale, Çardak’ta bir seradan alınan hıyar köklerinden elde edilen ikinci dönem larvaları (J2) 1000 J2/saksı olacak şekilde bitkilerin köklerine verilmiştir. Sekiz hafta sonunda, denemenin başlangıcında ve sonunda ölçülen gövde boyu ve gövde çapına ilave olarak gövde yaş ve kuru ağırlıkları ile kök çapı ve en uzun kök uzunluğu değerleri kaydedilmiştir. Daldırma şeklinde verilen 24-epibrassinolidin nematod varlığında dahi kontrol bitkilerine yakın veya daha iyi sonuçlara neden olduğu belirlenmiştir. Saf su+nematod uygulaması en yüksek gal indeksini, 5 µM 24-epibrassinolid+nematod uygulaması ise en düşük gal indeksini göstermiştir. Aynı konsantrasyondaki 24-epibrassinolid daldırma şeklinde uygulandığında da en az yumurta paketi sayısı tespit edilmiştir. Sonuç olarak, 24-epibrassinolid nematodun zararlarını azaltma yönünden konsantrasyona ve uygulama yöntemine bağlı olarak destekleyici bir etki göstermiş olup nematodların domates bitkileri üzerindeki etkilerini hafifletmiştir.

Effects of 24-epibrassinolide on root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid & White, 1919) Chitwood, 1949 (Tylenchida: Meloidogynidae) in tomatoes

In this study conducted in 2020, three concentrations (1, 5 and 10 µM) of 24-epibrassinolide were applied to seedlings of Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. (Solanales: Solanaceae) cv. H2274, which is susceptible to root-knot nematodes, by immersion, spray and irrigation, and its effects against root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid & White, 1919) Chitwood, 1949 (Tylenchida: Meloidogynidae) were investigated. One-thousand second stage juveniles of M. incognita, collected from cucumber roots in a greenhouse located in Çardak, Çanakkale were inoculated on the roots of the plants. After eight weeks, stem fresh weight, stem dry weight, root diameter and longest root length values, in addition to the stem length and stem diameter measured at the beginning and end of the experiment, were recorded. 24-Epibrassinolide, applied by an immersion method, gave similar or better results than the control even in the presence of nematodes. Distilled water plus nematode application showed the highest gall index whereas 5 µM 24-epibrassinolide plus nematode application gave the lowest gall index. The lowest number of egg mass was also obtained from the same concentration of 24-epibrassinolide applied by immersion. As a result, 24-epibrassinolide showed a beneficial effect in terms of reducing the damage caused by the nematodes in tomato plants, depending on the concentration and application method.

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Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { entoted808416, journal = {Turkish Journal of Entomology}, issn = {1010-6960}, eissn = {2536-491X}, address = {}, publisher = {Türkiye Entomoloji Derneği}, year = {2021}, volume = {45}, pages = {13 - 22}, doi = {10.16970/entoted.808416}, title = {Effects of 24-epibrassinolide on root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid \& White, 1919) Chitwood, 1949 (Tylenchida: Meloidogynidae) in tomatoes}, key = {cite}, author = {Gözel, Çiğdem} }
APA Gözel, Ç . (2021). Effects of 24-epibrassinolide on root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid & White, 1919) Chitwood, 1949 (Tylenchida: Meloidogynidae) in tomatoes . Turkish Journal of Entomology , 45 (1) , 13-22 . DOI: 10.16970/entoted.808416
MLA Gözel, Ç . "Effects of 24-epibrassinolide on root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid & White, 1919) Chitwood, 1949 (Tylenchida: Meloidogynidae) in tomatoes" . Turkish Journal of Entomology 45 (2021 ): 13-22 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/entoted/issue/57898/808416>
Chicago Gözel, Ç . "Effects of 24-epibrassinolide on root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid & White, 1919) Chitwood, 1949 (Tylenchida: Meloidogynidae) in tomatoes". Turkish Journal of Entomology 45 (2021 ): 13-22
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of 24-epibrassinolide on root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid & White, 1919) Chitwood, 1949 (Tylenchida: Meloidogynidae) in tomatoes AU - Çiğdem Gözel Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.16970/entoted.808416 DO - 10.16970/entoted.808416 T2 - Turkish Journal of Entomology JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 13 EP - 22 VL - 45 IS - 1 SN - 1010-6960-2536-491X M3 - doi: 10.16970/entoted.808416 UR - https://doi.org/10.16970/entoted.808416 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Türkiye Entomoloji Dergisi Effects of 24-epibrassinolide on root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid & White, 1919) Chitwood, 1949 (Tylenchida: Meloidogynidae) in tomatoes %A Çiğdem Gözel %T Effects of 24-epibrassinolide on root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid & White, 1919) Chitwood, 1949 (Tylenchida: Meloidogynidae) in tomatoes %D 2021 %J Turkish Journal of Entomology %P 1010-6960-2536-491X %V 45 %N 1 %R doi: 10.16970/entoted.808416 %U 10.16970/entoted.808416
ISNAD Gözel, Çiğdem . "Effects of 24-epibrassinolide on root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid & White, 1919) Chitwood, 1949 (Tylenchida: Meloidogynidae) in tomatoes". Turkish Journal of Entomology 45 / 1 (Mart 2021): 13-22 . https://doi.org/10.16970/entoted.808416
AMA Gözel Ç . Effects of 24-epibrassinolide on root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid & White, 1919) Chitwood, 1949 (Tylenchida: Meloidogynidae) in tomatoes. TED. 2021; 45(1): 13-22.
Vancouver Gözel Ç . Effects of 24-epibrassinolide on root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid & White, 1919) Chitwood, 1949 (Tylenchida: Meloidogynidae) in tomatoes. Turkish Journal of Entomology. 2021; 45(1): 13-22.
IEEE Ç. Gözel , "Effects of 24-epibrassinolide on root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid & White, 1919) Chitwood, 1949 (Tylenchida: Meloidogynidae) in tomatoes", Turkish Journal of Entomology, c. 45, sayı. 1, ss. 13-22, Mar. 2021, doi:10.16970/entoted.808416

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