Effects of housing system, slaughter age, and sex on slaughter and carcass traits of native Turkish ducks

The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of different housing systems, slaughter age, and sex on slaughter and carcass traits of native Turkish ducks. A total of 133 ducklings were used. One-day-old ducklings were divided into 2 housing groups, a cage system and a deep litter floor system, under uniform conditions. Housing system significantly affected hot carcass, cold carcass, breast, wing, neck, and back percentages (P < 0.05, P < 0.01, and P < 0.001). The results of the current study showed the influence of housing system, sex, and slaughter age on slaughter and carcass traits. The slaughter and carcass traits and feed conversion efficiency were higher in the deep litter floor system than in the cage system for native Turkish ducks. The slaughter and carcass traits of male ducks were higher than those of female ducks. The ideal slaughter weight for native Turkish ducks was reached at 8 weeks, whereas the results for hot carcass weight, cold carcass weight, hot carcass percentage, and cold carcass percentage were better at 10 weeks of age. Therefore, it seems most appropriate to slaughter native Turkish ducks at 10 weeks of age.

Effects of housing system, slaughter age, and sex on slaughter and carcass traits of native Turkish ducks

The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of different housing systems, slaughter age, and sex on slaughter and carcass traits of native Turkish ducks. A total of 133 ducklings were used. One-day-old ducklings were divided into 2 housing groups, a cage system and a deep litter floor system, under uniform conditions. Housing system significantly affected hot carcass, cold carcass, breast, wing, neck, and back percentages (P < 0.05, P < 0.01, and P < 0.001). The results of the current study showed the influence of housing system, sex, and slaughter age on slaughter and carcass traits. The slaughter and carcass traits and feed conversion efficiency were higher in the deep litter floor system than in the cage system for native Turkish ducks. The slaughter and carcass traits of male ducks were higher than those of female ducks. The ideal slaughter weight for native Turkish ducks was reached at 8 weeks, whereas the results for hot carcass weight, cold carcass weight, hot carcass percentage, and cold carcass percentage were better at 10 weeks of age. Therefore, it seems most appropriate to slaughter native Turkish ducks at 10 weeks of age.

___

Selcuk E, Akyurt I. Duck Husbandry. Ankara, Turkey: Ministry of Agriculture and Forest Press, No. 8, 1986.

Testik A. The situation of ducks and geese production in Turkey. In: Proceedings of the 10th European Symposium on Waterfowl. Halle, Germany: 1995. pp. 43–45.

Ensminger ME. Poultry Sciences. 3rd ed. Danville, IL, USA: Interstate Publishers, 1992.

Oluyemi JA, Ologbobo AD. The significance and management of the local duck in Nigeria. In: Proceedings of the 2nd Annual Conference of the Animal Science Association of Nigeria. Ikeja, Lagos, Nigeria: 1997. pp: 96–103.

Chandy KT. Duck Housing. Animal Husbandry Ducks: DKS Integrated Sustainable Energy and Ecological Development Association, Booklet No. 433. Bochno RW, Brzozowski W, Murawska D. Age-related changes in the distribution of lean, fat with skin and bones in duck carcasses. Brit Poultry Sci 2005; 46: 199–203.

Lacin E, Aras MS. Effect of different raising systems on fattening performance, slaughter and carcass characteristics of Pekin ducks. Hasad Hayv Derg 2008; 23: 50–54 (article in Turkish with an English abstract).

Erisir Z, Poyraz O, Onbasilar EE, Erdem E, Oksuztepe GA. Effects of housing system, swimming pool and slaughter age on duck performance, carcass and meat characteristics. J Anim Vet Adv, 2009; 8: 1864–1869.

European Commission. Directorate-General for Agriculture and Rural Development. Expert Group for Technical Advice on Organic Production. Report on Poultry. 20–21 June 2012. http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/orhanic/files/eu-policy/ expert-recommendations/expert_group/poultry_report_ version_expertsGroup.pdf. Date of access: 17.04.2013.

National Research Council Subcommittee on Poultry Nutrition. Nutrient Requirements of Poultry. 9th rev. ed. Washington, DC, USA: National Academy Press, 1994.

Pingel H, Wicke M, Lengerken GV. Gewinnung und Qualität von Geglügelfleisch. In: Branscheid W, Honikel KO, Lengerken GV, Troeger K, editors. Qualitöt von Fleisch und Fleischwaren. Germany: Deutscher Fachverlag; 1998. pp. 301–338.

Barbut S. Poultry Products Processing: An Industry Guide. Boca Raton, FL, USA: CRC Press, 2002.

SPSS Inc. SPSS for Windows. Release 12.0 Standard version. Chicago, IL, USA: SPSS Inc, 2003.

Alpay F. Ördeklerde kuluçkalık yumurta ağırlığı ve depolama süresinin kuluçka sonuçları, civcivlerde büyüme performansı ile kesim ve karkas özellikleri üzerine etkisi. PhD Thesis, Uludağ University Graduate School of Health Science, Bursa, Turkey, 2008. (in Turkish)

Arslan C, Citil M, Saatci M. Effects of L-carnitine administration on growth performance, carcass traits, blood serum parameters and abdominal fatty acid composition of ducks. Arch Anim Nutr 2003; 57: 381–388.

Fouad MA, Abdel Razek AH, Badawy EM. Broilers welfare and economics under two management alternatives on commercial scale. Int J Poultry Sci 2008; 7: 1167–1173.

Duncan ET, Appleby MC, Hughes BO. Effect of perches in laying cages on welfare and production of hens. Brit Poultry Sci 1992; 33: 25–35. Sarı

M, Önk K, Tilki M, Aksoy AR. Effects of sex and breed on slaughter and carcass traits in ducks. Kafkas Univ Vet Fak Derg 2012; 18: 437–441 (article in Turkish with an English abstract). Isguzar E, Kocak C, Pingel H. Growth, carcass traits and meat quality of different local ducks and Turkish Pekins (short communication). Archiv Tierzucht Dummerstorf 2002; 45: 413–418.

Isguzar E. Effects of stocking density on growth and carcass traits of mixed local duck genotypes and Pekin ducks in Isparta region of Turkey. Suleyman Demirel University Journal of Natural and Applied Science 2006; 10: 56–60 (article in Turkish with an English abstract).

Omojola AB. Carcass and organoleptic characteristics of duck meat as influenced by breed and sex. Int J Poultry Sci 2007; 6: 329–334.

Witak B. Tissue composition of carcass, meat quality and fatty acid content of ducks of a commercial breeding line at different age. Archiv Tierzucht Dummerstorf 2008; 51: 266–275.

___

Bibtex @ { tbtkveterinary150519, journal = {Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences}, issn = {1300-0128}, eissn = {1303-6181}, address = {}, publisher = {TÜBİTAK}, year = {2013}, volume = {37}, pages = {694 - 700}, doi = {10.3906/sag-1301-67}, title = {Effects of housing system, slaughter age, and sex on slaughter and carcass traits of native Turkish ducks}, key = {cite}, author = {Sarı, Mehmet and Önk, Kadir and Işık, Serpil and Tilki, Muammer and Tufan, Tuncay} }
APA Sarı, M , Önk, K , Işık, S , Tilki, M , Tufan, T . (2013). Effects of housing system, slaughter age, and sex on slaughter and carcass traits of native Turkish ducks . Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences , 37 (6) , 694-700 . DOI: 10.3906/sag-1301-67
MLA Sarı, M , Önk, K , Işık, S , Tilki, M , Tufan, T . "Effects of housing system, slaughter age, and sex on slaughter and carcass traits of native Turkish ducks" . Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences 37 (2013 ): 694-700 <
Chicago Sarı, M , Önk, K , Işık, S , Tilki, M , Tufan, T . "Effects of housing system, slaughter age, and sex on slaughter and carcass traits of native Turkish ducks". Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences 37 (2013 ): 694-700
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of housing system, slaughter age, and sex on slaughter and carcass traits of native Turkish ducks AU - Mehmet Sarı , Kadir Önk , Serpil Işık , Muammer Tilki , Tuncay Tufan Y1 - 2013 PY - 2013 N1 - doi: 10.3906/sag-1301-67 DO - 10.3906/sag-1301-67 T2 - Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 694 EP - 700 VL - 37 IS - 6 SN - 1300-0128-1303-6181 M3 - doi: 10.3906/sag-1301-67 UR - Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences Effects of housing system, slaughter age, and sex on slaughter and carcass traits of native Turkish ducks %A Mehmet Sarı , Kadir Önk , Serpil Işık , Muammer Tilki , Tuncay Tufan %T Effects of housing system, slaughter age, and sex on slaughter and carcass traits of native Turkish ducks %D 2013 %J Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences %P 1300-0128-1303-6181 %V 37 %N 6 %R doi: 10.3906/sag-1301-67 %U 10.3906/sag-1301-67
ISNAD Sarı, Mehmet , Önk, Kadir , Işık, Serpil , Tilki, Muammer , Tufan, Tuncay . "Effects of housing system, slaughter age, and sex on slaughter and carcass traits of native Turkish ducks". Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences 37 / 6 (Haziran 2013): 694-700 .
AMA Sarı M , Önk K , Işık S , Tilki M , Tufan T . Effects of housing system, slaughter age, and sex on slaughter and carcass traits of native Turkish ducks. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences. 2013; 37(6): 694-700.
Vancouver Sarı M , Önk K , Işık S , Tilki M , Tufan T . Effects of housing system, slaughter age, and sex on slaughter and carcass traits of native Turkish ducks. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences. 2013; 37(6): 694-700.
IEEE M. Sarı , K. Önk , S. Işık , M. Tilki ve T. Tufan , "Effects of housing system, slaughter age, and sex on slaughter and carcass traits of native Turkish ducks", Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, c. 37, sayı. 6, ss. 694-700, Haz. 2013, doi:10.3906/sag-1301-67
Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences
  • ISSN: 1300-0128
  • Yayın Aralığı: Yılda 6 Sayı
  • Yayıncı: TÜBİTAK

61.2b55.8b

Sayıdaki Diğer Makaleler

Comparison of the ovine prion protein genotype profiles of breeds Tigaie with Black Head and Merino

Stelian BARAITAREANU, Maria Rodica OTELEA, Mihaela ZAULET, Kurt SCHNEIDER, Mihai TURCITU, Leonardo LEONARDI, Doina DANES

A macroanatomical study of the arcus aortae in the fox (Vulpes vulpes)

Emine KARAKURUM, Özcan ÖZGEL

Clostridium botulinum in honey: prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of isolated strains

Ahmet KOLUMAN, Berfin Melikoğlu GÖLCÜ, Okan DERİN, Sibel ÖZKÖK, Fabrizio ANNIBALLI

Levamisole enhances global and differential leukocyte numbers in peripheral blood of dogs with ehrlichiosis

Dhagma Renata Denis SOUZA, Andréia Lima Tomé MELO, Lívia Saab MURARO, Daniel Moura AGUIAR, Deijanira ALBUQUERQUE

Effects of sodium lactate on the presence of Staphylococcus aureus and enterotoxins in çiğ köfte (raw meatball)

Enver Barış BİNGÖL, Ömer ÇETIN, Hilal Çolak ÜZÜM, Hamparsun HAMPIKYAN

The effects of barley/triticale silage on performance, carcass characteristics, and meat quality of lambs

Gülcan DEMİREL, Ahmet Yavuz PEKEL, Bülent EKİZ, Hakan BİRİCİK, Neşe KOCABAĞLI, Müjdat ALP

Comparison of growth and reproduction of mirror carp and scaled carp introduced into Gelingüllü Reservoir, Yozgat, Turkey

Şerife Gülsün KIRANKAYA, Fitnat Güler EKMEKÇİ

Comparison of the antioxidant system response to melatonin implant in raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides) and silver fox (Vulpes vulpes)

Svetlana SERGINA, Irina BAISHNIKOVA, Viktor ILYUKHA, Marcin LIS, Stanislaw LAPINSKI, Piotr NIEDBALA, Bougslaw BARABASZ

Three-dimensional reconstruction of multidetector computed tomography images of paranasal sinuses of New Zealand rabbits

Sema ÖZKADİF, Emrullah EKEN

Content and apparent ileal digestibility of protein and amino acids in diets fed to parent stock of farm-raised polar foxes (Alopex lagopus L.)

Katarzyna BURLIKOWSKA, Roman SZYMECZKO, Anna PIOTROWSKA, Ewa SWIECH, Monika BOGUSLAWSKA-TRYK, Beata GLOWINSKA