An Active Composite Pull-apart Basin Within the Central Part of the North Anatolian Fault System: the Merzifon-Suluova Basin, Turkey

The North Anatolian Fault System (NAFS) that separates the Eurasian plate in the north from the Anatolian microplate in the south is an intracontinental transform plate boundary. Its course makes a northward convex arch-shaped pattern by flexure in its central part between Ladik in the east and Kargı in the west. A number of strike-slip basins of dissimilar type and age occur within the NAFS. One of the spatially large basins is the E-W-trending Merzifon-Suluova basin (MS basin), about 55 km long and 22 km wide, located on the southern inner side of the northerly-convex section of the NAFS. The MS basin has two infills separated from each other by an angular unconformity. The older and folded one is exposed along the fault-controlled margins of the basin, and dominantly consists of a Miocene fluvio-lacustrine sedimentary sequence. The younger, nearly horizontal basin infill (neotectonic infill) consists mainly of Plio-Quaternary conglomerates and sandstone-mudstone alternations of fan-apron deposits, alluvial fan deposits and recent basin floor sediments. The two basin infills have an angular unconformity between them and the deformed pattern of the older infill reveals the superimposed nature of the MS basin. The MS basin is controlled by a series of strike-slip fault zones along its margins. These are the E-W-trending Merzifon dextral fault zone along its northern margin, the E-W-trending Sarıbuğday dextral fault zone along its southern margin and the NW-trending Suluova normal fault zone along its eastern margin. The basin is cut by the E-W-trending Uzunyazı dextral fault zone, which runs parallel to the northern and southern bounding fault zones and displays a well-developed overlapping relay pattern by forming a positive flower structure. The faults of the zone cut Quaternary neotectonic infill and tectonically juxtapose the fill with older rock units. The central faults are seismically more active than the bounding faults, and are therefore relatively younger faults. The early-formed rhomboidal basin is subdivided by these E-W-trending younger faults into several coalescing sub-basins, converting it into a composite pull-apart basin. The total cumulative post-Pliocene dextral offset along the southern bounding faults is about 12.6 km.

An Active Composite Pull-apart Basin Within the Central Part of the North Anatolian Fault System: the Merzifon-Suluova Basin, Turkey

The North Anatolian Fault System (NAFS) that separates the Eurasian plate in the north from the Anatolian microplate in the south is an intracontinental transform plate boundary. Its course makes a northward convex arch-shaped pattern by flexure in its central part between Ladik in the east and Kargı in the west. A number of strike-slip basins of dissimilar type and age occur within the NAFS. One of the spatially large basins is the E-W-trending Merzifon-Suluova basin (MS basin), about 55 km long and 22 km wide, located on the southern inner side of the northerly-convex section of the NAFS. The MS basin has two infills separated from each other by an angular unconformity. The older and folded one is exposed along the fault-controlled margins of the basin, and dominantly consists of a Miocene fluvio-lacustrine sedimentary sequence. The younger, nearly horizontal basin infill (neotectonic infill) consists mainly of Plio-Quaternary conglomerates and sandstone-mudstone alternations of fan-apron deposits, alluvial fan deposits and recent basin floor sediments. The two basin infills have an angular unconformity between them and the deformed pattern of the older infill reveals the superimposed nature of the MS basin. The MS basin is controlled by a series of strike-slip fault zones along its margins. These are the E-W-trending Merzifon dextral fault zone along its northern margin, the E-W-trending Sarıbuğday dextral fault zone along its southern margin and the NW-trending Suluova normal fault zone along its eastern margin. The basin is cut by the E-W-trending Uzunyazı dextral fault zone, which runs parallel to the northern and southern bounding fault zones and displays a well-developed overlapping relay pattern by forming a positive flower structure. The faults of the zone cut Quaternary neotectonic infill and tectonically juxtapose the fill with older rock units. The central faults are seismically more active than the bounding faults, and are therefore relatively younger faults. The early-formed rhomboidal basin is subdivided by these E-W-trending younger faults into several coalescing sub-basins, converting it into a composite pull-apart basin. The total cumulative post-Pliocene dextral offset along the southern bounding faults is about 12.6 km.

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @ { tbtkearth143538, journal = {Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences}, issn = {1300-0985}, eissn = {1303-619X}, address = {}, publisher = {TÜBİTAK}, year = {2012}, volume = {21}, pages = {473 - 496}, doi = {10.3906/vet-1201-26}, title = {An Active Composite Pull-apart Basin Within the Central Part of the North Anatolian Fault System: the Merzifon-Suluova Basin, Turkey}, key = {cite}, author = {Koçyiğit, BORA ROJAY \& ALİ} }
APA Koçyiğit, B . (2012). An Active Composite Pull-apart Basin Within the Central Part of the North Anatolian Fault System: the Merzifon-Suluova Basin, Turkey . Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences , 21 (4) , 473-496 .
MLA Koçyiğit, B . "An Active Composite Pull-apart Basin Within the Central Part of the North Anatolian Fault System: the Merzifon-Suluova Basin, Turkey" . Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences 21 (2012 ): 473-496 <
Chicago Koçyiğit, B . "An Active Composite Pull-apart Basin Within the Central Part of the North Anatolian Fault System: the Merzifon-Suluova Basin, Turkey". Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences 21 (2012 ): 473-496
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - An Active Composite Pull-apart Basin Within the Central Part of the North Anatolian Fault System: the Merzifon-Suluova Basin, Turkey AU - BORA ROJAY & ALİ Koçyiğit Y1 - 2012 PY - 2012 N1 - DO - T2 - Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 473 EP - 496 VL - 21 IS - 4 SN - 1300-0985-1303-619X M3 - UR - Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences An Active Composite Pull-apart Basin Within the Central Part of the North Anatolian Fault System: the Merzifon-Suluova Basin, Turkey %A BORA ROJAY & ALİ Koçyiğit %T An Active Composite Pull-apart Basin Within the Central Part of the North Anatolian Fault System: the Merzifon-Suluova Basin, Turkey %D 2012 %J Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences %P 1300-0985-1303-619X %V 21 %N 4 %R %U
ISNAD Koçyiğit, BORA ROJAY & ALİ . "An Active Composite Pull-apart Basin Within the Central Part of the North Anatolian Fault System: the Merzifon-Suluova Basin, Turkey". Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences 21 / 4 (Nisan 2012): 473-496 .
AMA Koçyiğit B . An Active Composite Pull-apart Basin Within the Central Part of the North Anatolian Fault System: the Merzifon-Suluova Basin, Turkey. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences. 2012; 21(4): 473-496.
Vancouver Koçyiğit B . An Active Composite Pull-apart Basin Within the Central Part of the North Anatolian Fault System: the Merzifon-Suluova Basin, Turkey. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences. 2012; 21(4): 473-496.
IEEE B. Koçyiğit , "An Active Composite Pull-apart Basin Within the Central Part of the North Anatolian Fault System: the Merzifon-Suluova Basin, Turkey", Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, c. 21, sayı. 4, ss. 473-496, Nis. 2012, doi:10.3906/vet-1201-26