Assessing the effectiveness of alcohol and drug abuse awareness campaigns among University students in Kenya: A quasi-experimental study

Substance abuse amongst university students is a major public health concern. There is paucity of literature on the effectiveness of the existing interventions aimed at reducing substance abuse in middle and low income countries. This study was done to determine the effectiveness of alcohol and drug abuse awareness campaigns on behaviour change among first year undergraduate students. This was a quasi-experimental study. Baseline survey involving 473 first year undergraduate students from two public universities in the coastal region of Kenya was done. The Universities were then allocated to either experimental or control group. Intervention of awareness campaigns were carried out in one of the University for a period of one year after which an end-line surveys involving 387 students was done. Data was collected using self-administered questionnaires. The study showed high prevalence of substance use with alcohol being the most commonly used substance at both baseline and end-line surveys. Despite the intervention being in one University, the prevalence of drug use increased from 38.9% to 48.9% in the control University and 31.3 % to 55.2% in the intervention University. The problem of substance abuse is enormous among university students. Information awareness campaigns against substance abuse alone are not effective in reducing uptake of substance use among university students.There is need to devise more effective strategies to control substance abuse

Kaynakça

1. Jennison KM. The short-term effects and unintended long-term consequences of binge drinking in college: a 10-year follow-up study. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2004;30(3):659-84.

2. Nelson SE, Van Ryzin MJ, Dishion TJ. Alcohol, marijuana, and tobacco use trajectories from age 12 to 24 years: Demographic correlates and young adult substance use problems. Dev Psychopathol. 2015;27(01):253-77.

3. Larimer ME, Kilmer JR, Lee CM. College student drug prevention: A review of individually-oriented prevention strategies. J Drug Issues. 2005;35(2):431-56.

4. Osberg TM, Insana M, Eggert M, Billingsley K. Incremental validity of college alcohol beliefs in the prediction of freshman drinking and its consequences: A prospective study. Addict Behav. 2011;36(4):333- 40.

5. Wakefield MA, Loken B, Hornik RC. Use of mass media campaigns to change health behaviour. Lancet. 2010;376(9748):1261-71.

6. Brinn MP, Carson KV, Esterman AJ, Chang AB, Smith BJ. Cochrane Review: Mass media interventions for preventing smoking in young people. Evid.-Based Child Health. 2012;7(1):86-144.

7. Robertson R. Using information to promote healthy behaviours. London, United Kingdom: King’s Fund, 2008.

8. Bala MM, Strzeszynski L, Topor-Madry R, Cahill K. Mass media interventions for smoking cessation in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013;6(6):CD004704.

9. Howat P, Sleet D, Maycock B, Elder R. Effectiveness of health promotion in preventing alcohol related harm, in Global perspectives on health promotion effectiveness. Springer, 2007;163-78.

10. Abraham C, heeran PS, Johnston M. From health beliefs to selfregulation: Theoretical advances in the psychology of action control. Psychology & Health. 1998;13(4):569-91.

11. EM Johnson, Amatetti S, Funkhouser JE, Sohnson J. Theories and models supporting prevention approaches to alcohol problems among youth. Public Health Rep. 1988;103(6):578-86.

12. Palmgreen P, Donohew L, Bukoski W, Sloboda Z. Effective mass media strategies for drug abuse prevention campaigns: The SENTAR approach. Handbook of drug abuse theory, science and practice. New York: Plenum, 1993.

13. Ferri M, Allara E, Bo A, Gasparrini A, Faggiano F. Media campaigns for the prevention of illicit drug use in young people. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013;6:Cd009287.

14. Carpenter CS. Pechmann C. Exposure to the Above the Influence antidrug advertisements and adolescent marijuana use in the United States, 2006-2008. Am J Public Health. 2011;101(5):948-54.

15. Slater MD, Kelly KJ, Edwards RW, Thurman PJ, Plested BA, Keefe TJ, Lawrence FR, Henry KL. Combining in-school and communitybased media efforts: reducing marijuana and alcohol uptake among younger adolescents. Health Educ Res. 2006;21(1):157-67.

16. Fang L, Schinke SP, Cole KC. Preventing substance use among early Asian-American adolescent girls: initial evaluation of a web-based, mother-daughter program. J Adolesc Health. 2010;47(5):529-32.

17. Lee CM, Neighbors C, Kilmer JR, Larimer ME. A brief, web-based personalized feedback selective intervention for college student marijuana use: a randomized clinical trial. Psychol Addict Behav. 2010;24(2):265-73.

18. Newton NC, Teesson M, Vogl LE, Andrews G. Internet-based prevention for alcohol and cannabis use: final results of the Climate Schools course. Addiction. 2010;105(4):749-59.

19. Schwinn TM, Schinke SP, Di Noia J. Preventing drug abuse among adolescent girls: outcome data from an internet-based intervention. Prev Sci. 2010;11(1):24-32.

20. Hornik R, Personal influence and the effects of the national youth anti-drug media campaign. Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci. 2006;608(1):282-300.

21. Hornik R, acobsohnL J. The best laid plans: disappointments of the National Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign. LDI Issue Brief. 2008;14(2):1-4.

22. Cooper AM, Sobell MB, Sobell LC, Maisto SA. Validity of alcoholics' self-reports: Duration data. Int J Addict. 1981;16(3):401-6.

23. Babor TF, Steinberg K, Anton R, Del Boca F. Talk is cheap: measuring drinking outcomes in clinical trials. J Stud Alcohol. 2000;61(1):55-63.

24. Lintonen T, Ahlström S, Metso L. The reliability of self-reported drinking in adolescence. Alcohol Alcohol. 2004;39(4):362-368.

25. O'malley PM, Bachman JG, Johnston LD. Reliability and consistency in self-reports of drug use. Int J Addict. 1983;18(6):805-24.

26. Tourangeau R, Yan T. Sensitive questions in surveys. Psychological bulletin. 2007;133(5):859.

27. Wemm S, Fanean A, Baker A, Blough ER, Mewaldt S, Bardi M. Problematic drinking and physiological responses among female college students. Alcohol. 2013;47(2):149-57.

28. Harrison L. The validity of self-reported drug use in survey research: an overview and critique of research methods. NIDA Res Monogr. 1997;167:17-36.

29. Bukoski WJ. The emerging science of drug abuse prevention. In Handbook of Drug Abuse Prevention. Springer, 2006;3-24.

30. Riggs PD. Treating Adolescents for Substance Abuse and Comorbid Psychiatric Disorders. Sci Pract Perspect. 2003;2(1):18–29.

31. Black DR, Tobler NS, Sciacca JP. Peer helping/involvement: an efficacious way to meet the challenge of reducing alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use among youth. J Sch Health. 1998;68(3):87-93.

Kaynak Göster

Medicine Science
  • ISSN: 2147-0634
  • Yayın Aralığı: Yılda 4 Sayı
  • Başlangıç: 2012

14.3b8.3b

Sayıdaki Diğer Makaleler

Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder: a pediatric case report

Müjgan ARSLAN, Serdal GÜNGÖR, Betül KILIÇ, Kader Karlı OĞUZ

Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion solely with peek cages ın multilevel cervical spondylotic radiculomyelopathy: single center clinical experience with 58 consecutive patients

Hakan ŞİMŞEK

Maternal satisfaction regarding perinatal care and ınfluencing factors in tertiary

Sadiksha REGMİ, Hari Prasad KAPHLE, Neena GUPTA

The effect of vitamin B12 deficiency on the GH-IGF1 axis

BELMA HALİLOĞLU, GÜLEN TÜYSÜZ KİNTRUP, Avni KAYA

The analysis of patients under mechanical ventilation support in ıntensive care unit with the diagnosis of H1N1 infection: retrospective study

Basak ALTİPARMAK, Ali İhsan UYSAL, SEMRA DEMİRBİLEK

Plasma total bilirubin levels in children with appendicitis admitted to the emergency department

Şeref Selçuk KILIÇ, Mehmet YİĞİT

Turkish Reliability of National Institutes of Health (NIH) patient-reported outcomes measurement information system (PROMIS®) Gas/Bloating Scale

Ahmet MAMUR, MEHMET KAYHAN, UĞUR BİLGE, Serkan SUNGUR, Hüseyin BALCIOĞLU, İlhami ÜNLÜOĞLU

Ultrasound guided thorasic paravertebral block for breast surgery in a patient with severe cardiopulmonary disease

Betül BAŞARAN, HANDE KÖKSAL

Effects of simple section of transverse carpal ligament on intercarpal stability in carpal tunnel surgery

HAKAN GÜRBÜZ, Süleyman Semih DEDEOĞLU, Yunus İMREN, Ali Çağrı TEKİN, Mustafa Çağlar KIR, Yasin GULER

Managemet of puerperal vulvovaginal hematoma with different suture technique; case report

Ahmet ESER, Ahter Tanay TAYYAR, Gulhan SAGİROGLU, Çetin KILIÇÇI, Cigdem Abide YAYLA, İlter YENİDEDE