This resent study investigated the relationships between leisure attitude, self-efficacy and achievement motivation among first year university students. Furthermore, this study examined the mediating role of self-efficacy on the relationship between leisure attitude and achievement motivation among university students. A total of 190 students were selected from Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University using cluster sampling method. The questionnaires consisted of the revised version of the self-efficacy scale, leisure attitude measure and achievement motivation measure. The results revealed that there were significant positive relationships between the study variables. Additionally, the result also showed that self-efficacy partially mediated the achievement motivation-leisure attitude relation. The implication is that students’ abilities should be improved by promoting leisure activities which may motivate them to participate in the learning activities.
Ajzen, I. (1985). From intentions to action: A theory of planned behavior. In action-control: From cognitive to behavior. J. Kuhl and J. Beckmann, 11-39. Heidelberg: Springer.
Alwahaibi, S., Lashari, S., Saoula, O., Lashari, T., Benlahcene, A., & Lubana, A. (2019). Determining student’s intention: The role of students’ attitude and science curriculum. Journal of Turkish Science Education, 16(3), 314-324.
Andrew, J. & Katharine, S. (2017). The role of puberty in students' academic motivation and achievement. Learning and Individual Differences,53, 37–46.
Arnett, J. (2000). Emerging adulthood. A theory of development from the late teens through the twenties. American Psychologist, 55(5):469–480.
Azniza, N., et al. (2013). Psychographic profile amongpotential first year public university undergraduate in Malaysia. Advance in Natural and Applied Sciences, 7(4), 420-424.
Bandura, A. (1982). Self-efficacy mechanism in human agency. American Psychologist, 37(2), 122–147.
Bandura, A. (1977). Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychological Review, 84 (2), 191–215.
Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: The exercise of control.New York: Freeman.
Chen, Y., Li, R., & Chen, S. (2013). Relationships among adolescent’s leisure motivation, leisure involvement, and leisure satisfaction. A Structural Equation Model, 110(3). DOI: 10.1007/s11205-011-9979-2
Chiu, L. (2009). University student’s attitude, self-efficacy and motivation regarding leisure time physical participation. Journal Pendidik dan Pendidikan, Jil,24, 1–15.
Chiu, L. & Kayat, K. (2010). Psychological determinants of leisure activities, participation among public university students in Malaysia. AJTLHE, 2(2), 33-45.
Cho, M., (2004). The strength of motivation and physical activity level during leisure-time among youths in south Korea. Youth & Society, 35(4): 480-494
Choi S. &Yoo Y. (2017). Leisure attitude and satisfaction with leisure and life: proposingleisure prioritization and justification. World Leis. J.59 140–155. 10.1080/16078055.2016.1216886
Crandall, R. & Slivken, K. 1980. Leisure attitudes and their measurement. In S.E Iso-Ahola (Ed.), Social Psychology Perspectives on Leisure and Recreation: 261-248. Springfield, IL: Charles Thomas Publishers.
Cuevas, C., Wolff, K., & Baglivio, M. (2017). Self-efficacy, aspirations, and residential placement outcomes: Why belief in a prosocial self-matter. Journal of Criminal Justice, 52, 1-11.
Davison, K. & Lawson, C. (2006). Do attributes in the physical environment influence children’s physical activity? A review of the literature. InternationalJournal of Behavioral Nutritionand PhysicalActivity, 3(19). doi:10.1186/1479-5868-3-19
Deci, E. & Ryan, R. (1985). Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behaviour.New York: Plenum Press.
Drakou, A., Tzetzis, G., & Mamantzi, K. (2008), “Leisure constraints experienced by university students in Greece”. The Sport Journal, 11(1). Retrieved from http://www.thesportjournal.org/article
Elias, H., Noordin, N., & Mahyuddin, R. (2010). Achievement motivation and self-efficacy in relation to adjustment among university students. Journal of Social Sciences, 6(3), 333-339.
Freire, T. & Teixeira, A. (2018). The influence of leisure attitudes and leisure satisfaction on adolescents positive functioning: The role of emotion regulation. Front Psychol, 9(3), 1349. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01349
Filippou, F., Kipourou, R., Goulimaris, R., & Serbezis, V. (2009). Participation motives of French in Greek traditional dance teaching seminar organized in France. International Journal of Sport management Recreation & Tourism,4: 52-59.
Gannouni, K. & Ramboarison-Lalao, L. (2016). Leadership and students’ academic success: mediating effects of self-efficacy and self-determination. International Journal of Leadership in Education, 3-14.
Gokyurek, B. (2016). An analysis of leisure attitudes of the individuals participating in dance activities and the relationship between leisure attitude and life satisfaction. International Journal of Environmental & Social Science, 11(10), 3285-3296.
Hagger, M., Chatzisarantis, N., & Biddle, S. (2001). The influence of self-efficacy and past behavior on the physical activity intentions of young people. Journal of Sport Sciences, 19, 711-725.
Holder, M. & Coleman, B., & Sehn, Z. (2009). The contribution of active and passive leisure to children’s well-being. Journal of Health Psychology, 14(3), 378-386. doi: 10.1177/1359105308101676.
Iso-Ahola, S. (1999). Motivation for leisure. Jackson, e. L. & burton t. L. (eds.), understanding leisure and mapping the past charting the future. State college, P.A: R.A. Venture Publishing.
Jdaitawi, M. (2019). The effect of flipped classroom strategy on students learning outcomes. International Journal of Instruction, 12(3).
Jdaitawi, F., Malek, T., & Sheta, H. (2018). Fostering positive adjustment behavior: Social connectedness, achievement motivation and emotional-social learning among male and female university students. Active Learning in Higher Education, 19(2), https://doi.org/10.1177/1469787417731202
Joseph, R., Royse, K., Benitez, T., & Pekmezi, D. (2014). Physical activity and quality of life among university students: Exploring self-efficacy, self-esteem, and affect as potential mediators. Qual Life Res, 23(2), 659-667. doi:10.1007/s11136-013-0492-8
Karunaanithy, K. & Karunaanithy, M. (2014). Leisure activity and attitudes of advanced level students: A study based on Urban Schools in Trincomalee District.European Journal of Business and Management, 6(7), 178-178.
Kelly, J. & Freysinger, V. (2000). 21st century leisure: Current issues. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Kim, S., Sung,J., Park, J., & Dittmore, S. (2015). The relationship among leisure attitude, satisfaction and psychological well-being for college students. Journal of Physical Education and Sport 15(1), 70-76. DOI:10.7752/jpes.2015.01012
Khalkhali, V. & Aryanpour, R. (2013). Comparing the academic self-efficacy in students with entity and incremental intelligence theory. Education Science and Psychology, 1(23), 10-14.
Komarraju, M., & Nadler, D. (2013). Self-efficacy and academic achievement: Why do implicit beliefs, goals, and effort regulation matter?Learning and Individual Differences,25, 67-72.
Lee, C., Payne, L., & Berdychevsky, L. (2018). The roles of leisure attitudes and self-efficacy on attitudes towards retirement among retirees: A sense of coherence theory approach. Leisure Sciences: An Interdisciplinary Journal.https://doi.org/10.1080/01490400.2018.1448025
Liu, L. & Cheng, L. (2018). The relationship between self-efficacy and achievement motivation in adolescents: A moderated mediating model of self-identity and hope. Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, 7(3), 69-76. doi: 10.11648/j.pbs.20180703.15
Liu, L. & Cheng, L. (2017). The mediating effect of self-identity in the relationship between self-efficacy and achievement motivation of university students. China Journal of Health Psychology, 25(4), 543-546.
Ma, S., Tan, Y., & Ma, S. (2012). Testing a structural model pf psychological well-being, leisure negotiation, and leisure participation with Taiwanese college students. Leisure Science: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 34(1), 55-71. DOI: 10.1080/01490400.2012.633855
Moradi, A., Amiri, S., Malakpor, M., Molavi, H., & Nori, A. (2010). Effectiveness of instruction of efficacy on women`s quality of life. Women investigation.7(3)71-98.
Multon, K., Brown, S., & Lent, R. (1991). Relation of self-efficacy beliefs to academic outcomes: A meta-analytic investigation. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 38(1), 30–38.
Muzindutsi, P. & Masango, Z. (2015). Determinants of leisure satisfaction among undergraduate students at a South Africa university. International Journal of Business and Management Studies, 7(1-2), 32-47.
Muzindutsi, P. & Viljoen, D. (2016). Socio-demographic factors influencing leisure attitude among undergraduate students at a South Africa university. International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanity studies, 8(1), 103-115.
Orsega-Smith, E., Payne, L., Mowen, A., Ho, C., & Godbey, G. (2007). The role of social support and self-efficacy in shaping the leisure time physical activity of older adults. Journal of Leisure Research, 39(4), 705–727. Doi:10.1080/0022216.2007.11950129
Pajares, F. (1996). Self-efficacy beliefs in achievement settings. Review of Educational Research, 66, 543–578.
Ragheb, M. & Beard, J. (1982). Measuring Leisure Attitude. Journal of Leisure Research, 14(2), 155167.
Richard, B., Lydia L., & Jeffrey, J. (2015). achievement Goal Theory: The Relationship of Accounting Students’ Goal Orientations with Self-efficacy, Anxiety, andAchievement. Accounting Education, 24(2), 152-174
Robbins, S. (2001). Organizational behaviour. (9th ed).: Prentice-Hall.
Schunk, D. (1995). Self-efficacy and education and instruction. In Maddux, J. E. (Ed.). Self-efficacy, adaptation, and adjustment: theory, research and application. 281-303. New York, NY: Plenum.
Sahebihagh, M., Khorshidi, Z., Atri, S., & Jafarabadi, M. (2017). Investigating the relationship between self-efficacy and emotional divorce among nurses in the city of Rasht, Iran (2015). Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, 10(6), 1596.
Siegenthaler, K. & O'Dell, L. (2000). Leisure attitude, leisure satisfaction, and perceived freedom in leisure within family dyads. Leisure Sciences, 22(4), 281-296. http://doi.org/10.1080/01490409950202302
Stajkovic, A. & Luthans, F. (1998). Self-efficacy and work-related performance: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 124(2), 240–261.
Teixeira, A. & Freire, T. (2013). The Leisure Attitude Scale: psychometrics properties of a short version for adolescents and young adults. Leisure/Loisir, 37(1), 57-67, DOI: 10.1080/14927713.2013.776748
Trilianos, A. (1993). Exploring of method of interaction in education. Athens: Self-Published.
Tsai, C., Huang, C., & Wu, M. (2014). The relevant study of leisure motivation, leisure attitude and health promotion lifestyle of elderly people in Taiwan. International Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 8(8), 2423-2426.
Tsang, S., Hui E., & Law, B. (2012). Self-efficacy as a positive youth development construct: a conceptual review. Scientific World Journal.doi: 10.1100/2012/452327.
Wangeri, T., Kimani, E., & Mutweleli, S. (2012). Transition challenges facing university first year students in Kenyan public universities: A case of Kenyatta University. Interdisciplinary Review of Economics and Management, 2(1), 41-50.
Wu, M. (2008). A study on causal relationship model of leisure attitude, leisure motivation, leisure satisfaction on leisure behavior of college students. Journal of Educational Research, 42(2) 83-100.
Zhou, M., & Kam, C. (2016): Hope and general self-efficacy: Two measures of the same construct? The Journal of Psychology, 0(0), 1-17.