Bir suüstü savaş gemisinin beka kabiliyeti, tanımlanmış bir silah tehdidine karşı dayanımı ve asgari olarak geminin temel emniyetini ve işlerliğini sürdürme yeteneğinin derecesi olarak tanımlanmakta olup geminin vurulabilirlik, yaralanabilirlik ve geri kazanabilirlik özelliklerinin bileşiminden oluşmaktadır. Savaş gemilerinin beka kabiliyetinin değerlendirilmesinde temeli 1962 yılında Sarchin ve Goldberg tarafından atılmış olan ampirik stabilite kriterleri kullanılmaktadır. Son yıllarda ise deterministik kuralların yanında Denizde Can Güvenliği Uluslararası Sözleşmesi (SOLAS) ile yolcu/Ro-Ro gemileri için zorunlu hale getirilen olasılık yaklaşımı, savaş gemileri için de kullanılmaya başlanmıştır. Bu incelemede deterministik ve stokastik yaklaşım ile olasılık kavramının, suüstü savaş gemilerinin beka kabiliyetinin değerlendirilmesinde kullanılma temelleri üzerinde durulmuştur.
Survivability of a naval surface ship is defined as the durability of the ship to a defined weapon threat, and, the degree of its ability to maintain at least the basic safety and operability of the ship, and is composed of a combination of the ship's susceptibility, vulnerability and recoverability. The empirical stability criteria laid down by Sarchin and Goldberg in 1962 are used to assess the survivability of warships. In recent years, along with deterministic rules, the probabilistic approach that has been made mandatory for the passenger / Ro-Ro ships by the International Convention on the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) have been used for warships. In this study, the fundamentals of using the concepts of the deterministic and stochastic approaches and the concept of probability used in assessing the survivability of warships are emphasized.
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