Bitki Artığı Yakmanın Yarı kurak Tarımsal Üretim Sistemlerinde Toprak Fiziksel ve Hidrolojik Özelliklerine Etkileri

Tarım ekosistemlerinde etkin bir toprak ve su yönetim planı geliştirmek için buğday saplarının yakılmasının toprak fiziksel ve hidrolojik özelliklerine etkisi araştırılmaktadır. Bu çalışmanın amacı tam-yakılmış, ortalamayakılmış ve yakılmamış toprak şartlarında toprak fiziksel ve hidrolojik özelliklerinin durumunu karşılaştırmaktır. Yakmanın devam eden etkileri 3-ha alanda her iki yanmış ve yanmamış şartlarda 2-yıl çalışılmıştır. Sonuçlar göstermektedir ki: Suya doygunluk iletkenlik değerleri azalan sıralamayla, tam-yanmış (0.81), orta-derecedeyanmış (0.36) ve yanmamış (0.23 cm h-1) önemli derecede artmıştır (P=0.000). Yakma şiddeti gözenek boşluk hacmini en fazla tam-yanmış ve en az da orta-derecede-yanmış muamelelerde azaltmıştır (P=0.000). Yanmamış muameleler sırsıyla tam-yanmış ve orta-derecede-yanmış muamelelere kıyasla %11,5 ve %9,7 daha fazla gözenek hacmi içermiştir. Bitki artıklarının yakımı gözenek büyüklük dağılımlılarını muamelelerin üç seviyesi arasında önemli derecede değiştirmiştir (P

Effects of Crop Residue Burning on Soil Physical and Hydrological Properties in Semi-Arid Agricultural Production Systems

The effect of wheat-stubble burning on soil physical and hydrological properties is under scrutiny to develop a sound soil and water management planning in agroecosystems. The objective of this study was to compare completely-burned, moderately-burned, and unburned soil conditions for responses of soil physical and hydrological properties. The persistence of fire-induced impacts were studied in 3 hectare land for both burned and unburned conditions for two years. Results showed that saturated hydraulic conductivity significantly increased in descending order 0.81, 0.36, and 0.23 cm h-1 for burned, moderately-burned, and unburned plots (P=0.000). Completely-burned treatments registered significantly higher Ksat (P=0.000) of 0.81 and 0.23 cmh-1, respectively from completely-burned and unburned treatments. Fire intensity significantly reduced the pore space volume, the highest for burned and the least for the moderately-burned treatments (P

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