An Input-Output Energy Analysis of Wheat Production in Çarşamba District of Samsun Province

Bu çalışmanın amacı, Samsun ili Çarşamba ilçesindeki buğday üretiminde enerji kullanım etkinliğinin belirlenmesidir. Bu çalışmada, buğday üretim masrafları ve karlılığı da analiz edilmiştir. Araştırma verileri basit tesadüfi örnekleme metodu ile seçilmiş 54 buğday üreticisinden anket yoluyla elde edilmiştir. İnceleme alanında buğday üretiminde enerji kullanım etkinliğinin ortaya konulması için enerji kullanım etkinliği, enerji verimliliği, spesifik enerji ve net enerji değerleri hesaplanmış ve kullanılmıştır. Araştırma sonuçları, buğday üretiminde, toplam enerji tüketiminin 35737.13 MJ ha-1olduğunu göstermiştir. En yüksek enerji girdisi, diesel yakıtı olarak (%44.61) olarak belirlenmiştir. Başta nitrojen olmak üzere, diesel yakıtını kimyasal gübreler (%23.54), sulama suyu (%10.58), tohum (%10.11), makinalar (%9.86), kimyasal ilaçlar (%0.92) ve insan iş gücü (%0.38) izlemiştir. Çıktı enerjisi 84427.33 MJ ha-1olarak hesaplamıştır. Enerji kullanım etkinliği, özgül enerji, enerji verimliliği ve net enerji değerleri sırasıyla 2.36, 8.96 MJ kg-1, 0.112 kg MJ-1 ve 48690.20 MJ ha-1olarak belirlenmiştir. Buğday üretiminde kar-masraf oranı 0.64'tür. Enerji etkinlğini artırmak, insan sağlığını korumak, sürdürülebilirliği sağlamak ve üretim masraflarını azaltmak için, pestisit uygulamalarını ıslah edecek entegre mücadele yöntemleri uygulanmalı ve enerji kullanımı açısından etkin olmayan gübreleme uygulamaları etkinleştirilmelidir

Samsun İli Çarşamba İlçesinde Buğday Üretiminin Enerji Girdi-Çıktı Analizi

The objective of the present study was to evaluate the efficiency of energy use in wheat production in Çarşamba district of Samsun province. The study also aimed to analyse the wheat production costs and the profitability. The research data were collected from randomly selected 54 wheat producers by using a questionnaire. The values of energy use efficiency, energy productivity, specific energy and net energy were used to explore the efficiency of energy use in wheat production. The research results showed that total energy consumption in wheat was diesel (44.61%). Chemical fertilizers (23.54%) mainly nitrogen, irrigation water (10.58%), seed (10.11%), machinery (9.86%), chemicals (0.92%) and labor (0.38%) followed the diesel. Energy output was 84427.33 MJ ha-1. Energy use efficiency, spesific energy, energy productivity and net energy for wheat production were 2.36, 8.96 MJ kg-1, 0.112 kg MJ-1 and 48690.20 MJ ha-1, respectively. The benefit-cost ratio was 0.64. Integrated pest control techniques should be put in practice to improve pesticide use and energy inefficient fertilizer applicaiton should be transformed to efficient one to reduce negative effects to environment, human health, maintaining sustainability and decreasing production costs

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