Üniversite Seçimini Etkileyen Faktörler: Üniversite 1. Sınıf Öğrencileri Üzerine Bir Araştırma

Bu çalışma öğrencilerin üniversite tercih dönemlerinde seçimlerini etkileyen faktörleri araştırmak amacıyla gerçekleştirilmiştir. Araştırma verileri, bu çalışma kapsamında araştırmacılar tarafından geliştirilen ölçeğin, Türkiye’nin kuzey-batısında yer alan iki farklı devlet üniversitesinde 1. sınıfta öğrenim görmekte olan 630 öğrenciye uygulanması ile elde edilmiştir. Bu çalışmada nicel araştırma yöntemlerinden betimsel tarama modeli kullanılmıştır.  Araştırmada kullanılan “Üniversite Tercihlerini Etkileyen Faktörler Ölçeği”ne ilişkin yapılan açımlayıcı faktör analizi sonuçlarına göre ölçeğin altı alt-boyuttan oluştuğu ve toplam varyansın % 59.58’ini açıkladığı belirlenmiştir. Araştırma sonucunda, öğrencilerin üniversite tercihlerini etkileyen en önemli faktörlerin “gelecek kariyer beklentileri” ve “üniversitelerin eğitim kalitesi ve popülerliği” olduğu ortaya çıkmıştır. Öte yandan “şehrin tanıdık olması ve şehirde tanıdıkların olması” altboyutunun üniversite tercihlerinde en az etkili altboyut olduğu sonucunda ulaşılmıştır. Ayrıca, sosyo-ekonomik açıdan ‘düşük’ grupta olan öğrencilerin “üniversitelerin eğitim kalitesi ve popülerliği”ne diğer öğrencilerden daha az önem verdiği görülmüştür. Son olarak, önemli olduğu düşünülen bir diğer sonuç ise; öğrencilerin üniversite giriş sınavı puanları arttıkça, üniversite tercihlerinde etkili olan özellikleri daha az önemsemeleri olmuştur.

Factors Affecting University Choice: A Study on University Freshman Students

The purpose of this study is to investigate the factors that affect students’ university choice in the university/major selection period. The data was obtained via a questionnaire developed by the researchers and applied to sample of participants comprising the 630 freshman students enrolled in two different universities located in north-west part of Turkey. This study was framed within quantitative paradigm. Descriptive survey designs were used to describe the factors that affect freshman’ university preferences. The questionnaire called “Factors Affecting University Choice Scale” explained 59.58 % of total variance along with six dimensions. As a result of the study, it was found that the most important factors affecting students' preferences were ‘future expectation for career’ and ‘quality and popularity of education given by universities’ dimensions, while the least effective dimension was ‘familiarities of cities and having familiars in cities’. It was found that students who had ‘low level’ social economic status give less importance to ‘quality and popularity of education given by universities’ than any other students. Another result which is supposed to be important is that as the students’ university entrance exam scores increase, they give less importance to the dimensions that are effective in the university preferences.

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Kaynak Göster

APA İlgan, A , Ataman, O , Uğurlu, F , Yurdunkulu, A . (2018). Factors Affecting University Choice: A Study on University Freshman Students . Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Buca Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi , (46) , 199-216 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/deubefd/issue/41774/415296