Reactive Red 45’in Antep Fıstığı Katı Atığı Üzerine Etkili Gideriminin Araştırılması

Bu çalışmada reaktif bir boyar madde olan Reactive Red 45'in (RR45) Antep fıstığı katı atığı (AFKA) kullanılarak adsorpsiyon yöntemiyle giderimi araştırılmıştır. Kesikli deneylerden elde edilen sonuçlar Langmuir ve Freundlich izoterm modellerine denenmiştir. RR45'in AFKA üzerine adsorpsiyonunda Freundlich İzotermine en iyi uyum sağladığı görülmüştür (R2=0,9969). Maksimum adsorpsiyon kapasitesi 35.336 mg/g olarak bulunmuştur. AFKA' nın yüzey morfolojik özellikleri taramalı elektron mikroskobu (SEM, FEIQuanta 450 FEG) ile belirlenmiştir. AFKA'nın sulu çözeltilerden RR45'in gideriminde etkili, kolay elde edilebilir, bir adsorban olduğu tespit edilmiştir

Investigation of the Effective Removal of Reactive Red 45 on Pistachio Solid Wastes

In this study, removal of a reactive dye, Reactive Red 45 (RR45) onto pistachio hull (AFKA) was investigated by adsorption. The results obtained from the batch experiments were calculated for Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm constants. Freundlich Isotherm is the best fitted for adsorption onto AFKA of RR45 (R2=0.9969). Maximum adsorption capacity is found 35.336 mg/g. The surface morphology of the AFKA was examined by a scanning electron microscopy (SEM), (FEIQuanta 450 FEG). AFKA has been found to be an effective, readily available, adsorbent in the removal of RR45 from aqueous solution

Kaynakça

1. aves.erciyes.edu.tr/ImageOfByte.aspx?Resim= 8&SSNO=3&USER=2153-pdf, 15.05.2017.

2. Aspland, J. R., 1997. Textile Dyeing & Coloration, Published by Amer Assn of Textile, ISBN 10: 0961335017, ISBN 13: 9780961335014

3. Tunçgenç, M., 2015. Türk Boya Sanayisi, İzmir, (2e64676b5be4266_ek-pdf).

4. Ayed, L., Mahdhi, A., Cheref, A., Bakhrouf, A., 2011. Decolorization and Degradation of Azo Dye Methyl Red by an Isolated Sphingomonas Paucimobilis: Biotoxicity and Metabolites Characterization. Desalination 274, 272-277.

5. Robinson, T., Mcmullan, G., Marchant, R., Nigam, P., 2001. Remediation of Dyes in Textile Effluent: a Critical Review on Current Treatment Technologies with a Proposed Alternative. Bioresour. Technol. 77, 247-255.

6. Holkar, C.R., Pandit, A.B., Pinjari, D.V., 2014. Kinetics of Biological Decolorisation of Anthraquinone Based Reactive Blue 19 Using an Isolated Strain of Enterobacter sp. F NCIM 5545. Bioresour. Technol. 173, 342-351.

7. Vandevivere, P.C., Bianchi, R., Verstraete, W., 1998. Treatment and Reuse of Wastewater from the Textile Wet-processing Industry: Review of Emerging Technologies. J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol. 72, 289-302.

8. Vandevivere, P.C., Bianchi, R., Verstraete, W., 1998. Treatment and Reuse of Wastewater from the Textile Wet-processing Industry: Review of Emerging Technologies. J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol. 72, 289-302.

9. Paz, A., Carballo, J., José Pérez, M., Domínguez, J.M., 2017. Biological Treatment of Model Dyes and Textile Wastewaters, Chemosphere, 168-177.

10. Forgacs, E., Cserhati, T., Oros, G., 2004. Removal of Synthetic Dyes from Wastewaters: a Review. Environ. Int. 30, 953-971.

11. Santos, D., Andre, B., Cervantes, F.J., van Lier, J.B., 2007. A Review on Current technologies for Decolourisation of Textile Wastewaters: Perspective for Anaerobic Biotechnology. Bioresour. Technol. 98, 2369-2385.

12. Ulson de Souza, Selene Maria Arruda Guelli, Forgiarini, E., Ulson de Souza, A.A., 2007. Toxicity of Textile Dyes and Their Degradation by the Enzyme Horseradish Peroxidase (HRP). J. Hazard. Mater. 147, 1073-1078.

13. Zhang,Y., Huang, G., An, C., Xin, X., Liu, X., Raman, M., Yao, Y., Wang, W., Doble, M., 2017.Transport of Anionic Azo Dyes from Aqu eous Solution to Gemini Surfactant-Modified Wheat Brain: Synchrotron Infrared, Molecular Interaction and Adsorption Studies, Science of the Total Environment, 723-732.

14. Nguyen C., Ahmadpour A., Do D.D., 1995. Effects of Gasifying Agents on the Characterization of Nut Shell-derived Activated Carbon, Adsorpt. Sci. Technol., 247–258.

15. Osvaldo Pezoti Junior, André L. Cazetta, Ralph C. Gomes, Érica O. Barizão, Isis P.A.F. Souza, Alessandro C. Martins, Tewodros Asefa, Vitor C., 2014. Synthesis of ZnCl2- Activated Carbon from Macadamia Nut Endocarp (Macadamia integrifolia) by Microwave-Assisted Pyrolysis: Optimization using RSM and Methylene Blue Adsorption Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 166-176.

16. Toles C.A., Marshall W.E., Johns M.M., 1998. Phosphoric Acid Activation of Nutshells for Metal and Organic Remediation: Process Optimization, J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol., 255–263.

17. Georgin, J., Dotto, G.L., Mazutti, M.A., Foletto, E.L., 2016. Preparation of Activated Carbon from Peanut Shell by Conventional Pyrolysis and Microwave Irradiation-Pyrolysis to Remove Organic Dyes from Aqueous Solutions, Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, Issue, 266-275.

18. Hazzaa R., Hussein, M., 2015. Adsorption of Cationic Dye from Aqueous Solution Onto Activated Carbon Prepared from Olive Stones, Environmental Technology & Innovation, 36-51.

19.Christopher, T., Wayne, M.E., 2002. Copper İon Removal by Almond Shell Carbons and Commercial Carbons: Batch and Column Studies, Sep. Sci. Technol., 2369-2383.

20. Soleimani, M., Kaghazchi, T., 2008. Activated Hard Shell of Apricot Stones: a Promising Adsorbent in Gold Recovery, Chin. J. Chem. Eng., 112-118.

21. Demirbas, E., Kobya, M., Sulak, M.T., 2008. Adsorption Kinetics of a Basic Dye from Aqueous Solutions Onto Apricot Stone Activated Carbon, Bioresource Technology, 5368-5373.

22. Lessier, M.C., Shull, J.C., Miller, D.J., 1994. Activated Carbon from Cherry Stones, Carbon 30, 1493–1498.

23. Khalil, L.B., 1996. Adsorption Characteristics of Activated Carbon Obtained from Rice Husks by Treatment with Phosphoric Acid, Adsorpt. Sci. Technol., 317–325.

24. Elizalde-González, M.P., Mattusch, J., Wennrich, R., 2008. Chemically Modified Maize Cobs Waste with Enhanced Adsorption Properties Upon Methyl Orange and Arsenic, Bioresour. Technol., 5134-5139.

25.Jothirani, R., Senthil Kumar, P., Saravanan, A., Narayan, A.S., Dutta, A., 2016. Ultrasonic Modified Corn Pith for the Sequestration of Dye from Aqueous Solution, Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 162-175.

26. Tahir, H., Sultan, M., Akhtar, N., Hameed, U., Abid, T., 2016. Application of Natural and Modified Sugar Cane Bagasse for the Removal of Dye from Aqueous Solution, Journal of Saudi Chemical Society, 115-121.

27. Namasivayam, C. Sangeetha, D., 2006. Recycling of Agricultural Solid Waste, Coir Pith: Removal of Anions, Heavy Metals, Organics and Dyes from Water by Adsorption Onto ZnCl2 Activated Coir Pith Carbon, J. Hazard. Mater., 449-452.

28. Tekin, H., Arpacı, S., Atlı, H.S., Açar, İ., Karadağ, S., Yükçeken, Y., Yaman A., 2001. Antep Fıstığı Yetiştiriciliği (Kitap). Antep Fıstığı Araştırma Enstitüsü Müdürlüğü, Gaziantep, Yayın No: 13, 132.

29. Antep Fıstığı Yetiştiriciliği, 2010. Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı, Ankara.

30. Grace, M.H., Esposito, D., Timmers, M.A., Xiong, J., Yousef, G., Komarnytsky, S., Lila, M.A., 2016. Chemical Composition, Antioxidant and Anti-inflammatory Properties of Pistachio Hull Extracts, Food Chemistry, 85-95.

31. Açıkalın, K., Karaca, F., Bolat, E., 2012. Pyrolysis of Pistachio Shell: Effects of Pyrolysis Conditions and Analysis of Products, Fuel, 169-177.

32.Barreca, D., Laganà, G., Leuzzi U., Smeriglio, A., Trombetta, D., Bellocco, E., 2016. Evaluation of the Nutraceutical, Antioxidant and Cytoprotective Properties of Ripe Pistachio (Pistacia vera L., variety Bronte) Hulls, Food Chemistry, 493-502.

33. 2011 Yılı Antep Fıstığı Raporu, 2012. T.C. Gümrük ve Ticaret Bakanlığı, Kooperatifçilik Genel Müdürlüğü, Ankara.

34. Ertürk, Y.E., Geçer, M.K., Gülsoy, E., Yalçın, S., 2015. Antep Fıstığı Üretimi ve Pazarlaması, Iğdır Üni. Fen Bilimleri Enst. Der. /Iğdır Univ. J. Inst. Sci. & Tech., 43-62.

35.Rafiee, Z., Barzegar, M., Sahari, M.A., Maherani, B., 2017. Nanoliposomal Carriers for Improvement the Bioavailability of Highvalued Phenolic Compounds of Pistachio Green Hull Extract, Food Chemistry, 115-122.

36.Berthouex, P.M., Brown, L.C., 2002. Statistics For Environmental Engineers. Lewis Pub., CRC Press, USA, e-book.

37. Elkady, M.F., Ibrahim, A.M., Abd El-Latif, M.M., 2011. Assessment of the Adsorption Kinetics, Equilibrium and Thermodynamic for the Potential Removal of Reactivered Dye using Egg Shell Biocomposite Beads, Desalination, 412-423.

38. Palamthodi, S., Lele, S.S., 2016. Optimization and Evaluation of Reactive Dye Adsorption on Bottle Gourd Peel, Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 4299-4309.

39. Mckay, G., 1996. Use of Adsorbents for the Removal of Pollutions from Wastewater, CRC Press, New York, 186.

40.Chiou, M.S., Ya-Li, H., 2002. Equilibrium and Kinetic Modeling of Adsorption of Reactive Dye on Cross-Linked Chitosan Beads, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 233-248.

41. Silva, T.L., Ronix, A., Pezoti, O., Souz, L.S., Leandro, P.K.T., Bedin, K.C., Beltrame, K.K., Cazetta, A.L., Almeida, V.C., 2016. Mesoporous Activated Carbon from in Dustrial Laundry Sewage Sludge: Adsorption Studies of Reactive Dye Remazol Brilliant Blue R. Chemical Engineering Journal, 467-476.

42. Konicki, W., Hełminiak, A., Arabczyk, W., Mijowska, E., 2017. Removal of Anionic Dyes using Magnetic [email protected] Nanocomposite as an Adsorbent from Aqueous Solutions, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 155-164.

43. Lakshmi, U.R., Srivastava, V.C., Mall, I.D., Lataye, D.H., 2009. Rice Huskash as an Effective Adsorbent: Evaluation of Adsorptive Characteristics for in Digo Carmine Dye, J. Environ. Manage, 710-720.

44. Hernández-Montoya, V., Mendoza-Castillo, D.I., Bonilla-Petriciolet, A., MontesMorán, M.A., Pérez-Cruz, M.A., 2011. Role of the Pericarp of Caryaillinoinensis as Biosorbent and as Precursor of Activated Carbon for There Moval of Lead and Acidblue 25 in Aqueoussolutions, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrol., 143-151.

45. Yetilmezsoy, K., Demirel, S., Robert J. Vanderbei, 2009. Response Surface Modeling of Pb(II) Removal from Aqueous Solution by Pistacia Vera L.: Box–Behnken Experimental Desig, Journal of Hazardous Materials 171, 551–562.

46. Deniz, F., Kepekci, R.A. 2016. Dye Biosorption Onto Pistachio by-product: A Green Environmental Engineering Approach, Journal of Molecular Liquids 219, 194-200.

47. dye|World dye variety (09 Aralık 2016).http://www.worlddyevariety.com/reactiv e-dyes/reactive-red-45.htmL.

48.Rastkari, N., Ahmadkhaniha, R., Alemi, R., Afarin, L., 2012. Effect of Chemical Modification on Dye Adsorption Capacity of Pistachio Hull (Book Chapter), Natural and Processed Substances: Production, uses and Effects, 117-127.

Kaynak Göster