Nevşehir’de En Erken Yerleşim İzleri, Sofular Höyük

Knowledge about the Neolithic Period of the Volcanic Cappadocia Region is based on excavations con- ducted by İstanbul and Ankara Universities. Due to its impressive color and suitability for tool producti- on, obsidian was a favourite raw material in prehistoric times. The Volcanic Cappadocia Region has rich obsidian sources and because of their proximity, these sources were consumed at high rates at Neolithic si- tes in Aksaray and Niğde. The limited information about the Neolithic Period in Nevşehir where some obsidian sources also exist comes from survey projects. Excavations that were carried out in 2016 and 2017 at Sofular Höyük which is located in Nevşehir, Ürgüp, Sofular Village, provide significant data due to its uniqueness (the first excavated Pre-Pottery Neolithic site in Nevşehir). Chipped stone, ground stone and bone tools were found as both surface and excavated material in addition to some stone beads.

Kaynakça

Balkan-Atlı, N., Kayacan, N., Özbaşaran M., Yıldırım, S. 2001 “Variability in the Neolithic arrowheads of Central Anatolia; typological, technological and chronological aspect”. I. Caneva, C. Lemorini, D. Zampetti, P. Biagi (eds), Beyond Tools, Redefining the PPN Lithic Assemblages of the Levant: 3rd Workshop on Chipped Lithic Industries, November 1-4, 1998, Berlin: 27-43.

Başoğlu, O. 2016 Kapadokya Bölgesi Omurgalı Fosil Yatakları, Ankara.

Başoğlu, O. -2013 “2011 Yılı Nevşehir İli ftiyosen Dönem Fosil Yatakları Yüzey Araştırması” Araştırma Sonuçları Toplantısı 30/2: 98-105.

Baysal, E. 2017 “Personal Ornaments in Neolithic Turkey, the Current State of Research and Interpretation”. Journal of Archaeology and Art 155: 1-22.

Boyd, B. 2006 “On “sedentism” in the Later Epipaleolithic (Natufian) Levant”. World Archaeology 38: 164-178.

Chataigner, C., Poidevin, J.L., Arnaud, N.O. 1998 “Turkish Occurrences of Obsidian and Use by Prehistoric Peoples in the Near East from14,000 to 6.000BP.” Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 85: 517-537.

Fuji, S. I. 1995 “Hacıbeyli Höyük: A Pre-Pottery Neolithic Site in the Yay Gölü Lake Basin, Central Anatolia”.

H. I. H. Prince ftikasa (ed), Essays on Ancient Anatolia and in Surrounding Civilization. Bulletin of the Middle Eastern Culture Center in Japan Vol. 8. Wiesbaden: 131-152.

Güldoğan, E. 2011 “Aşıklı Höyük Sürtmetaş Topluluğu” TÜBA-AR 14: 41-58.

Kayacan, N. 2003 “ftelendiz Yerleşmelerinden ftusular’ın Bölge İçindeki Yerinin Obsidiyen Endüstrisi Çıkışlı Değerlendirilmesi”. ft., Özbasaran, O. Tanındı, A. Boratav (eds), Archaeological Essays in Honour of Homo amatus: Güven Arsebük İçin Armağan Yazılar, İstanbul: 139-148.

Kuzucuoğlu, C. 2002 “The environmental frame in Central Anatolia from the 9th to 6th millenia cal BC. An introduction to the study of relations between environmental conditions and the development of human societies”. Frédéric, G., Laurens, T. (eds.), The Neolithic of Central Anatolia. Internal Developments and External Relations During the 9th to 6th millenia cal BC. İstanbul: 33-58.

Özbaşaran, M. 2012 “Aşıklı”. ft. Özdoğan, N. Başgelen, P. Kunihold (eds.), The Neolithic in Turkey, Cilt 3. İstanbul: 135-158.

Özbaşaran, M., Duru, G., Kayacan, N., Erdoğu, B., ve Buitenhuis, H. 2012 “ftusular: The 8th ftillennium cal. BC Satellite Site of Aşıklı”. ft. Özdoğan-N. Başgelen- P. Kuniholm (Eds.), The Neolithic in Turkey: New Excavations and New Research Volume Central Anatolia. İstanbul, 159-180.

Toprak, V. 1998 “Vent distribution and its relation to regional tectonics, Cappadocian Volcanics, Turkey”. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 85: 55-67.

Yelözer, S. 2016 Aşıklı Höyük Boncukları: Tipoloji, Tanım ve Sosyal Açıdan Değerlendirme. İstanbul Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Arkeoloji Anabilim Dalı, Tarih Öncesi Arkeolojisi Bilimdalı (Yayımlanmamış Yüksek Lisans Tezi). İstanbul.

Yıldırım-Balcı, S. 2007 Orta Anadolu Obsidiyen Teknolojisi: Aşıklı Höyük ftodeli, Tekno Kültürel Kökeni ve Evrimi. İstanbul Üniversitesi, Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Arkeoloji Anabilim Dalı (Yayımlanmamış Doktora Tezi), İstanbul.

Yıldırım-Balcı, S.-2011 “Aşıklı Höyük Obsidiyen Teknolojisi”. TÜBA-AR 14, 19-39.

Wright, K, Baysal, A. 2012 “Ground Stone Tools and Technologies Associated with Buildings in the Bach Area”. R, Tringham, ft. Stevanovic (eds.), Last House on the Hill: Bach Area Reports from Çatalhöyük, Turkey. Çatalhöyük Research Project Series Volume 11. U.S.A.: 415-422.

Kaynak Göster