Effect of regional or general anesthesia methods on mortality according to age groups in geriatric hip surgery patients

Objectives: Hip surgeries performed in elderly patients are important in terms of both the physiological features of geriatric patients and the risks of surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of age and the anesthesia method used on morbidity and mortality in geriatric patients who had hip surgery. Methods: Patients who were aged 65 and older who also had hip surgery and had American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) Physical Status Scale scores were included in the study. The patients were classified as aged (Group AG) for those ≥65 years of age, and very aged (Group VAG) for those ≥75 years of age. Details obtained from the hospital electronic records system of the patients’ age, sex, ASA score, anesthesia method used, intraoperative and postoperative blood transfusion requirements, respiratory and cardiovascular complications, postoperative intensive care requirements, duration of hospital treatment, period of development of any postoperative complications, morbidity, and mortality were evaluated by age group. Results: A total of 258 patients between the ages of 65 and 95 who had hip surgery and available ASA scores were included in the study. In Group VAG, the rate of morbidity and mortality of ASA III and IV patients was high in the postoperative period. Regional anesthesia methods were used more often in Group VAG patients, and there were more cardiovascular complications developing in the intraoperative period in the general anesthesia patients, although there was no difference between anesthesia methods in terms of postoperative morbidity and mortality. Conclusion: In this study of elderly patients who had hip surgery, there was no correlation between the anesthesia method used and morbidity and mortality. Advanced age (≥75 years) and a high ASA score were the most important risk factors for mortality.

Geriatrik kalça cerrahisi hastalarında rejyonal ve genel anestezi yöntemlerinin yaş gruplarına göre mortaliteye etkisi

Amaç: Çalışmamızda kalça cerrahisi geçiren geriatrik dönem hastalarında yaş faktörünün ve anestezi yöntemlerinin morbidite ve mortalite üzerine olan etkilerini değerlendirmeyi amaçladık. Gereç ve Yöntem: Kalça cerrahisi geçiren, ASA I-IV grubuna giren, 65 yaş ve üstü hastalar çalışmaya dâhil edildi. Hastalar, yaşlı grup (≥65 yaş) Grup YG ve çok yaşlı (≥75 yaş) Grup ÇYG olarak sınıflandırıldı. Hastane elektronik kayıt sisteminden hastaların yaşı, cinsiyeti, ASA skoru, anestezi yöntemleri, intraoperatif ve postoperatif kan transfüzyonu gereksinimi, solunum ve kardiyovasküler komplikasyonlar, postoperatif yoğun bakım ihtiyacı, hastanede kalış süreleri, postoperatif dönemde komplikasyonların gelişme süresi, rejyonal ve genel anesteziye göre morbidite ve mortalite oranları yaş gruplarına göre değerlendirildi. Bulgular: Kalça cerrahisi geçiren ASA I-IV grubuna giren 65 ile 95 yaş arasında toplam 258 hasta çalışmaya dâhil edildi. 75 yaşın üzerindeki Grup ÇYG, ASA III ve IV hastaların postoperatif dönemde morbidite ve mortalite oranları yüksek bulundu. Ayrıca Grup ÇYG hastalarında rejyonal anestezi yöntemlerinin daha çok tercih edilirken, anestezi yöntemleri arasında postoperatif morbidite ve mortalite açısından farklılık olmamak ile birlikte intraoperatif dönemde gelişen kardiyovasküler komplikasyonlar genel anestezi uygulanan hastalarda daha yüksek bulundu. Sonuç: Kalça cerrahisi uygulanan hastaların yaş grupları ve anestezi yöntemlerine göre karşılaştırıldığı bu çalışmada uygulanan anestezi yöntemleri ile morbidite ve mortalite ilişkilendirilememek ile birlikte, mortalite için ileri yaş (≥75 yaş) ve yüksek ASA skoru en önemli risk faktörleridir.

Kaynakça

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